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PROMOTIVE ACTION OF WORKER’S HEALTH, HYGIENE, AND ENVIRONMENT IN PT. GUNUNG MADU PLANTATIONS INDONESIA Extension Seminar of JICOSH Ergonomic Course Presented.

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Presentation on theme: "PROMOTIVE ACTION OF WORKER’S HEALTH, HYGIENE, AND ENVIRONMENT IN PT. GUNUNG MADU PLANTATIONS INDONESIA Extension Seminar of JICOSH Ergonomic Course Presented."— Presentation transcript:

1 PROMOTIVE ACTION OF WORKER’S HEALTH, HYGIENE, AND ENVIRONMENT IN PT. GUNUNG MADU PLANTATIONS INDONESIA Extension Seminar of JICOSH Ergonomic Course Presented by : dr. Evi Maiselma

2 PRESENTATION OUTLINE Company Overview Hazard Identification Hazard Handling Waste Management Waste Water Treatment Control & Monitoring Constraint & Commitment Summary

3 PT. GUNUNG MADU PLANTATIONS Cane Plantations & Sugar Factory Lampung, Indonesia

4 1975 : Established in Lampung Province Status: Foreign Investment Company Kuok Investment(Foreign Partner): % PT Pipit Indah(Local Partner): % PT Rejosari Bumi(Local Partner): % 1978: Initial Production Main Product: Plantation White Sugar (Domestic Market) Co-Product: Molasses (Domestic & Foreign Market) COMPANY OUTLINES

5 PRODUCTION CHART

6 THE PLANT SITE Jakarta Tokyo 7,000 km from Tokyo 400 km from Jakarta 100 km from Provincial city

7 PLANTATIONS AREA 7 Area Divisions 35,000 Hectares Total Land 25,000 Hectares planted with cane

8 Year Staff & Manager EmployeeTotal Daily Workers ,6401,76010, ,5981,72310, ,5191,6438, ,6271,7588, ,7231,8568, ,7451,8878, ,6541,8017, ,5531,7068, ,5261,6798, ,5491,7018, ,5421,6938, , ,000 EMPLOYEES & WORKERS

9 EMPLOYEES & WORKERS COMPOSITION, 2003

10 FACILITIES RESIDENCE LOCATION TOTAL Site AIIIIIIIVVI Kindergarten Elementary School Junior School11 Mosque Church11114 Hospital11 Policlinic Canteen11114 Mini market Club House Foot Ball Field Tennis Court Volley Ball Court Badminton Court Basket Ball Court112 Swimming Pool11 SITE FACILITIES

11 MAIN ACTIVITIES Cultivation Crop Maintenance Harvesting Milling Processing Steam Generating Laboratory Workshop Research Health Service Waste Management Waste Water Treatment

12 PHYSICAL HAZARDS Dust Vibration Noise Sunburn CHEMICAL HAZARDS Herbicide & insecticide application Fertilizer application BIOLOGICAL HAZARDS Poisonous animal attack Parasite infection PSYCHO-SOCIAL HAZARDS Overwork Cultivation Crop Maintenance Harvesting Hazard Identification at Workplace Plantations Factory Workshop Research Laboratory Hospital Plantation

13 SUGAR PROCESSING FLOW CHART BAGASSE FILTER MUD MOLASSES SUGAR CURING MASSECUITE BOILING SYRUP EVAPORATION CLEAR JUICE CLARIFICATION MIXED JUICE MILLING CANE WATER SO2 GAS MILK LIME IMBIBITION WATER SO2 GAS

14 PHYSICAL HAZARDS Dust Ash Noise Vibration Heat CHEMICAL HAZARDS Chemical for equipment cleaning Chemical for processing Chemical for Boiler PSYCHO-SOCIAL HAZARDS Overwork Milling Clarification Evaporation Hazard Identification at Workplace Plantation Factory Workshop Research Laboratory Hospital Factory

15 Hazard Identification at Workplace Plantation Factory Workshop Research Laboratory Hospital Workshop PHYSICAL HAZARDS Dust Vibration Noise CHEMICAL HAZARDS Used Oil RADIATION HAZARDS Welding radiation PSYCHO-SOCIAL HAZARDS Overwork Repairing Fabricating Assembling

16 Tissue Culture Biological Control Breeding Hazard Identification at Workplace Plantation Factory Workshop Research Laboratory Hospital Research CHEMICAL HAZARDS Chemical for analysis BIOLOGICAL HAZARDS Infectious diseases

17 Lab Analysis Hazard Identification at Workplace Plantation Factory Workshop Research Laboratory Hospital Laboratory CHEMICAL HAZARDS Chemical for analysis

18 Medical Treatment Curing Room X-ray Unit Hazard Identification at Workplace Plantation Factory Workshop Research Laboratory Hospital BIOLOGICAL HAZARDS Communicable disease RADIATION HAZARDS Photo (X-ray) radiation

19 JICOSH Extension Seminar ! HAZARD HANDLING Modification and Improvement in the Process Protection Eliminating or Minimizing Hazard Source

20 JICOSH Extension Seminar WASTE MANAGEMENT Source Reduction Recycling & Reusing Utilization

21 JICOSH Extension Seminar Cane Bagasse Derivative Industry (Alcohol, MSG, Cattle Feed) Power Generator (Burnt ash is used for farm) Derivative Industry (Mushroom, Paper, Cattle Farm) Transported to farm as organic fertilizer Liquid Waste JuiceSugar Molasses Filter Mud WASTE MANAGEMENT Solid Waste WWT

22 Anaerobe Pond (60,900 m3) Buffering Pond (29,700 m3) Facultative 3 Pond (6,129 m3) Stabilizing Pond (8,100 m3) Aerobe 1 Pond (18,654 m3) Facultative 2 Pond (8,400 m3) Facultative 1 Pond (8,400 m3) Aerobe 2 Pond (34,428 m3) Monitor Pond (4,590 m3) WASTE WATER TREATMENT Splitter (Oil and Water) (660 m3) For irrigation to the river Fishing Test Total Volume = 244,150 m3 Facultative 4 Pond (6,129 m3) Facultative 5 Pond (6,129 m3)

23 JICOSH Extension Seminar WASTE WATER TREATMENT

24 JICOSH Extension Seminar CONTROL & MONITORING ENVIRONMENT Air Quality Measurement Water Quality at Resource Water Waste Quality after Treatment WORKER Pre-employment Medical Check-up Periodical Medical Check-up Pre-replacement Medical Check-up

25 JICOSH Extension Seminar HAZARD SUMMARY HAZARDS Ash Dust Noise Vibration Heat Herbicide and Insecticide Chemical Radiation Poisonous animals attack Waste EFFECT Worker’s Health  Respiratory System  Hearing System  Nervous System  Heat Stroke & Water Body losses  Acute & Chronic Intoxication  Skin & eyes Irritation  GIT disturbance  Poison effect of animal  Radiation effects Environment  Air Pollution  Water Pollution  Natural Balance  Social Aspect HYGIENE In-house keeping ENVIRONMENT Waste Management Waste Water Treatment Reforesting, Green Belt Routine Monitoring HEALTH Emergency Help Curative Action Preventive Action Promotive Action

26 JICOSH Extension Seminar Month Debit (M 3 /day) pH BODCODTSS (ppm) April3, May4, June3, July3, August2, September4, Tolerable Value EFFLUENT ANALYSIS BY GOVERNMENT, 2003

27 JICOSH Extension Seminar EFFLUENT ANALYSIS BY GOVERNMENT, 2003

28 JICOSH Extension Seminar Parameter Ambient Emission Measured Tolerable Value MeasuredTolerable Value SO ug/m mg/m NO X ug/m mg/m CO875 ug/m mg/m 3 - CO %- O2O %- H2SH2S< ppm NH ppm2-- Total Particle mg/m Ash42.1 ug/m Noise Level48.6 dB70-- AIR QUALITY MEASUREMENT BY GOVERNMENT, 2003

29 JICOSH Extension Seminar ENVIRONMENT AWARD

30 JICOSH Extension Seminar OUR CONSTRAINTS Human Factor (negative attitude & bad habit) Indiscipline Carelessness Low awareness of the importance of OSH Need training and OSH campaign It is the nature of sugar industry to create hazards Noise, Heat, Vibration, Ash, etc Need more budget to provide safety infrastructures & protection equipment Daily workers turn-over is high, and they work only in harvesting season. Need OSH continual campaign

31 JICOSH Extension Seminar OUR COMMITMENT Healthy Worker, Healthy Company No Serious Hazard No Environmental Damage No Occupational Disease GMP Sugar is the cleanest sugar produced in the region

32 Thank You


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