Presentation on theme: "MARKETS AND ABATTOIRS The construction sites should be free of nuisance conditions, contamination, should have available adequate water supply for cleaning."— Presentation transcript:
MARKETS AND ABATTOIRS The construction sites should be free of nuisance conditions, contamination, should have available adequate water supply for cleaning and proper drainage and cleaning facilities. The constructions should be durable enough to protect customers and vendors from hazards and harmful elements.
The local health authorities are responsible for periodic inspections of the sanitation facilities, supervision of the proper use and care of market stalls, and prohibition of construction of living quarters, partitions, sheds or booths within the market.
They are responsible for the supervision of the sanitation facilities and proper disposal, and examination of meat being sold based on the requirements of existing laws. They should permit slaughter of animals in other places as long as public health is protected, that only health animals are slaughtered and the methods of slaughtering, dressing, storing, handling and transporting are all in accordance with the laws.
The local government and local operators in charge of the markets, in turn, are responsible to provide adequate number of personnel to ensure that proper sanitation and hygiene are observed and maintained.
PUBLIC LAUNDRY A public laundry is defined as a laundry established and operated for commercial purposes, open to the public, and not to an exclusive clientele. All public laundries should secure sanitary permit before operating.
Only durable construction materials should be used. Flooring should be smooth and made with water-tight materials. Proper ventilation and 10- foot candles of lighting are required. All drying facilities should be free from contamination. Laundry supplies should be properly stored, prepared, handled and labelled.
All articles to be laundered coming from hospitals and infected sources shall be treated by hot water, detergents, and be effectively disinfected. Those that came in contact with radiation should be isolated in a certain area and monitored by Radiation Safety personnel before sending for laundry. A separate room shall be used solely for receiving, sorting, marking, or handling unwashed articles.
SCHOOL SANITATION AND HEALTH SERVICES Definition of Terms School – an institution of learning which may be public, private or parochial. Special School – a school which utilizes cadavers, plants, animals, bacterial, and viral cultures for studies and research. Physical Environments – the school plants, grounds and facilities. Emotional Environment – factors which affect the emotional health of students and members of the faculty.
There should be accessibility to public transportation but traffic hazards are to be avoided. The area should be large enough for playgrounds, fields, and gardens. Buildings should be made of durable materials and requirements of local fire department should be observed. The school site should be located away from disturbances and bad influences.
Health Services a.Periodic physical and medical examinations b.Periodic immunizations c.Medical and dental treatment d.Treatment for common emergencies e.Counselling and guidance
Special Schools Cadavers shall be stored in morgues and dissected in dissecting rooms in accordance with the standards prescribed by the Department. Poisonous or harmful plant, animals, viral and bacterial cultures, as well as radioactive materials shall be kept and secured.
INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE Sanitary permit is a requirement and industrial establishments shall be allowed to operate only in places or zones assigned for the kind of industry. Sewage and waste disposal should be properly observed. Adequate potable water supply and restrooms shall be provided for employees.
The Secretary shall issue a list of maximum concentration of atmospheric contaminants as a guide in appraising health hazards and in evaluating control measures, review concentration values at regular intervals, require control of contaminants known to cause impairment of health, prescribe control measures to eliminate infectious diseases transmission, promulgate measures to effectively and adequately control radioactivity exposure to workers and to reduce noise and pollution.
Employers shall provide control measures and protective equipment, inform the employees the nature of the hazards and the reasons for and methods of control measures and protective equipment, make periodical testing of hearing of employees and adopt measures regarding the noise produced. Employees should observe strictly protective measures and use equipment properly.
Workers shall not be exposed to atmospheric contaminants hazardous to health. Control measures shall be provided to eliminate or control the transmission of infectious diseases. Adequate lighting and ventilation shall be provided and distributed in all work areas in amount required for the type of work. Medical services shall be provided to all employees in accordance with existing laws and the rules and regulations prescribed by the Department.
PUBLIC SWIMMING OR BATHING PLACES Sanitary permit shall be issued by the Secretary or authorized representative before operation. Correct sanitary practices for persons swimming or bathing and personnel working shall be observed to prevent transmission of communicable diseases. Adequate number of trained personnel and necessary equipment needed for life- saving and rescue work shall be practiced.
Toilets, shower baths, and dressing rooms shall be provided and methods of determining the sanitary quality of water shall be examined and approved. The local health authority shall inspect the state of sanitation of public swimming or bathing places, ascertain that personnel examine regularly the presence of any infectious disease, enforce rules and regulations, and recommend revocation of permits if necessary.
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