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Climate change vis a vis business Integration Sugarcane as a model Session IV: What’s next? Leadership into Action An international conference Asia’s Emerging.

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Presentation on theme: "Climate change vis a vis business Integration Sugarcane as a model Session IV: What’s next? Leadership into Action An international conference Asia’s Emerging."— Presentation transcript:

1 Climate change vis a vis business Integration Sugarcane as a model Session IV: What’s next? Leadership into Action An international conference Asia’s Emerging Response to Climate Change November 23, 2007 Inter-Continental Hotel, Bangkok hol.com By Dr. Pipat WEERATHAWORN Research and Development Director MITR PHOL Sugar Group 1

2 Outline Mitr Phol Introduction Climate Change : Sugarcane’s Roles Business Integration Conclusion 2 Mitr Phol Sugarcane Research Center Co. Ltd.

3 Outline Mitr Phol Introduction Climate Change : Sugarcane’s Roles Business Integration Conclusion 3 Mitr Phol Sugarcane Research Center Co. Ltd.

4 Mitr Phol’s History and Core Business 1956 establish the 1st sugar factory at capacity of 700 tons cane per day 2007, Mitr Phol has 5 sugar factories in Thailand and another 5 sugar factories in China with total capacity 180,000 TCD Total sugar production 2 Million Tons The newest factory is under construction in the republic of Laos 4

5 Mitr Phol’s Mill Locations in Thailand 5

6 Tuolu Ningming FunanChongzuo Haitang MP’s Mill Locations in China Refined sugar Co. Paper Mill Logistic Co. 6

7 MP’s Sugar Products

8 Outline Mitr Phol Introduction Climate Change : Sugarcane’s Roles Business Integration Conclusion 8 Mitr Phol Sugarcane Research Center Co. Ltd.

9 9

10 IPCC TS More and more land is being devastated by drought… 10 Mitr Phol Sugarcane Research Center Co. Ltd.

11 South African Sugarcane Research Institute Mount Edgecombe, KwaZulu-Natal Very high photosynthetic efficiency (biomass = photosynthesis – respiration) Highest water use efficiency of any known crop Why Sugarcane By F.C. Botha, 2006

12 South African Sugarcane Research Institute Mount Edgecombe, KwaZulu-Natal C 4 =22(55 max) g/m 2 /d C 3 =13 g/m 2 /d Photosynthetic efficiency By F.C. Botha, 2006

13 Copyright © 2007 Sugarcane Biomass Production  On average 22 g m -2 d -1 but can be as high as 55 g m -2 d -1  For C3 plants only 13 g m -2 d -1 Sugarcane Water Use Efficiency  240 litres per kg of aerial biomass  Almost half of that for sugar beet and other C3 plants By F.C. Botha South Africa, ISSCT 2007 CANE

14 14 Mitr Phol Sugarcane Research Center Co. Ltd.

15 15 Mitr Phol Sugarcane Research Center Co. Ltd.

16 1 1.3 Reduce CO emission 22% Reduce CO emission 56% 2 Ratio of energy use: production 16 Mitr Phol Sugarcane Research Center Co. Ltd.

17 Palm oil Sugar Cane Sugar beet Jatropha Corn Wheat Rapeseed Sunflower Barley Soybean Yield GJ / ha % Global Arable Land Energy yield of various crops and land requirement of 25% petroleum replacement in transportation 17 Mitr Phol Sugarcane Research Center Co. Ltd.

18 18

19 Green Cane Harvesting 19

20 Outline Mitr Phol Introduction Climate Change : Sugarcane’s Roles Business Integration Conclusion 20 Mitr Phol Sugarcane Research Center Co. Ltd.

21 SUGAR INDUSTRY AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRY FOOD MANUFACTURING CANE SUGAR The raw material for the sugar industry, SUGARCANE is a matter of concern to all the millers of concern to all the millers The raw material for the sugar industry, SUGARCANE is a matter of concern to all the millers of concern to all the millers 21

22 22

23 Leaves % Stalk % Top % Sugar Kg Molasses Kg Food, DrinkEthanol MSG yeast feeding Water Kg Bagasse Kg Most % Filter mud Kg. Most % Fuel, Pulp, Particle board 1 Ton of cane Sugarcane Stream, Process, Waste 23

24 Compost/organic Fertilizer Bagasse Kg Most % Filter mud Kg. Most % Fuel, Pulp, Particle board Land fill and Soil improvement 8-9 % Excess 24

25 MP Particle Board Co.,Ltd. 25

26 - U tilization of excess bagasse 250,000 Tons/year - Indirectly protect environment (reduced DEFORESTATION > 500 ha/year) - Capacity 90,000 Cu.m/year (2 million pieces) 26

27 BIO-ENERGY is the next step 27 Mitr Phol Sugarcane Research Center Co. Ltd.

28 The company decided to invest in biomass power business utilizing bagasse leftover from crushing, cane leaves, hay, rice husks and other agricultural waste as fuels to generate steam and electricity. The Dan Chang Bio-Energy Co., Ltd., 53 MW The Phu Kieo Bio-Energy Co., Ltd. 65 MW 2002 Bio-Energy Electricity from Biomass…… Renewable Energy for Communities 28

29 Phu Khieo Bio Energy Co.Ltd.,

30 Green Energy for a Clean World 30 Mitr Phol Sugarcane Research Center Co. Ltd.

31 Petro Green 31

32 Registered: August 30, 2004 Location:2 provinces in Northeast of Thailand Productivity: 200,000 liters / day / plant Total of 400,000 liters per day 32

33 The production and use of ethanol helps reduce the production of green house gases and helps eliminate the need for the hazardous MTBE as additive to gasoline. The production of ethanol increases the value addition from the use of cane juice and molasses The production of ethanol increases income of farmers producing raw materials, such as sugarcane, and other appropriate farm produce. It also helps reduce the need for oil imports. 33

34 Outline Mitr Phol Introduction Climate Change : Sugarcane’s Roles Business Integration Conclusion 34 Mitr Phol Sugarcane Research Center Co. Ltd.

35 Compost Ethanol ให ม่ Carbon Credit CONCEPT OF SUGARCANE ULTILIZATION New cane factory Conventional sugar mill By-product 35

36 SUGAR INDUSTRY AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRY FOOD and ENEGRY CANE SUGAR The raw material for the sugar industry, SUGARCANE is a matter of concern to all the millers of concern to all the millers The raw material for the sugar industry, SUGARCANE is a matter of concern to all the millers of concern to all the millers 36 ENERGY

37 37

38 Block 3 24 MW Block 1 41 MW Phukhieo Bio-energy Bagasse 38

39 Phu Khieo Bio Energy MP Particle Board Petrogreen MP R&D. Sugar Factory 39

40 40

41 Mitr Phol’s Business Conclusion Started as a simple sugar factory Moved from energy self-sufficiency to the concept co-generation by saving energy and managing feed stock. Concern over global climate change coupled with sound business rationale led to expansion of the idea into BIO-ENERGY (ethanol plants) by making use of feed stocks from sugar which reduces carbon dioxide and green house gas 41 Mitr Phol Sugarcane Research Center Co. Ltd.

42 phol.com 42 Mitr Phol Sugarcane Research Center Co. Ltd.


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