Presentation on theme: "Food F4 Obesity and Diabetes Childhood obesity has more than tripled in the past 30 years. Today, in the United States, 17.3% of children ages 6-19 are."— Presentation transcript:
Food F4 Obesity and Diabetes Childhood obesity has more than tripled in the past 30 years. Today, in the United States, 17.3% of children ages 6-19 are obese. If this number does not sound high, compare it to 1980, when only a little over 6% of US children were considered obese. Type II diabetes was once called “adult onset diabetes” because it was rarely found in children. In the early 90s, pediatricians reported only 2% to 4% of their diabetic patients had Type II. Today, the reported cases of children with Type II have increased tenfold. Health and Nutrition
Food F4 Crash Course in Nutrition Simple Carbohydrates Carbohydrates Primarily provide the body with a source of fuel and energy required to carry out daily activities and exercise. Complex Carbohydrates
Food F4 Crash Course in Nutrition Complete Proteins Proteins The most important function of protein is to build, maintain, and replace the tissues in your body. Incomplete Protein
Food F4 Unsaturated Fats are the fats that are good for brain development and good for your heart. Saturated Fats and Trans Fat are the main dietary cause of high cholesterol and contributes to other heart problems. Trans fat is a type of saturated fat, found mostly in processed foods. Fats Fats are important for brain development and storing the body’s extra calories
Food F4 Vitamins and Minerals Vitamin D Vitamin E Calcium Vitamin A Vitamin B12 Vitamin C
Food F4 Vitamins and Minerals (cont.) Iron Niacin (vitamin B3) Potassium Zinc
Food F5 School Food During the Great Depression of the1930s, unemployment was high, farmers could not sell their crops (prices were too low), and American children were undernourished. As a solution to these issues, the government created a school lunch system. Children were fed healthy meals Unemployed women got jobs as lunch cooks The government purchased farm crops to be used in preparing school food, supporting US farmers
Food F5 What are the issues with the way schools produce food now? School cafeterias create a lot of waste –Packaging waste: –Food waste Industrial agriculture makes school lunch –Fossil fuels Student Health Issues
Food F6 Soil: Back to Basics The Dirt on Soil: A Few Facts Soil has three separate layers: The top layer contains minerals and humus, the decayed remains of animals and plants. Humus and minerals are needed by plants for good growth The second layer contains smaller humus and large amounts of minerals The third layer consists of weathered rock fragments that are being broken down
Food F6 The Composite Recipe To make compost you need four things: 1.Air 2.Water 3.Nitrogen (greens) 4.Carbon (browns) Browns are dead Greens are fresh Putting more browns than greens Do not put bones, fats, oils, cheese, meat, or milk products Compost piles should be moist but not soggy.
Food F7 Building a New Food System “A sustainable agriculture does not deplete soils or people.” -Wendell Berry
Food F7 Sustainable Agriculture Sustainable agriculture is the opposite of industrial agriculture in nearly every way. It aims to make the food system smaller by reducing the amount of resources consumed and replacing what it uses. Protecting and renewing the soil Integrating natural systems Polycultures Humane treatment of animals
Food F7 Get it Locally The closer your food is grown to where you live, the easier it is to know how it was grown. Local food is available in several ways : Community Gardens Farmers Markets Grow your own Community Supported Agriculture (CSA)
Food F8 Food Awareness for a Healthy School Healthy Students Even small changes in the way you eat can have big effects Eat a wide variety of foods Don’t be afraid to try new things. Make a game of it and try one new food each week Learn to cook Cooking at home is half the battle to healthy eating for you and the planet. It is fun and you know exactly how your food is made and what is in it
Food F8 Food Awareness for a Healthy School Grow some food Drink lots of water Bring your own snacks –When you go to school or go places with friends or family, plan ahead and bring healthy snacks. Listen to your body –Often, we keep eating if there is food in front of us, even if we are not hungry. If your body is telling you it is full, try to listen and stop eating. Pay attention to your food –If we do other things while we are eating, we are not paying attention to what we are putting into our bodies. Do not eat while watching television, sitting at a computer, in a car or walking. Make time for your food.
Food F8 Get Moving –Ride a bike or walk instead of taking buses or cars. Take stairs instead of elevators. Make sure you do physical activity every day. Get fit with friends and family Join in physical activities at school Balance Share these ideas with everyone in your school!
Food F8 Some Ideas for school lunch: Reduce Meat Consumption –Start a “Meatless Monday” Zero Waste Lunch
Food F10 Subsistence Farming In subsistence farming, families grow crops primarily to feed themselves.