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Chapter 8: Planning a Diet for Fitness and Wellness

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 8: Planning a Diet for Fitness and Wellness"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 8: Planning a Diet for Fitness and Wellness

2 Chapter 8 Topics: Forming a Nutrition Plan The Food Guide Pyramid
Comparing Your Diet Reading a Food Label Determining Your Calorie Needs Facts and Fallacies

3 Forming a Nutrition Plan
Good nutrition involves following a plan based on simple guidelines, sound concepts, and a consistent eating pattern

4 Diet Guidelines for Americans, 2000
Choose a variety of grains daily *Whole Grains* Choose a variety of fruits and vegetables daily Eat foods low in saturated fat and cholesterol Moderate in total fat Consume less sugary foods and beverages Use less salt!!

5 Achieving a balanced diet
Balanced diet provides basic nutrients in proportions that meet the body’s needs Food Guide Pyramid can make it easier to make the right nutrition choices

6 The Food Guide Pyramid Food Guide Pyramid
Eat at least the minimum of recommended servings from each food group daily Know what constitutes a single serving Limit intake of fats, oils, and sweets!!

7 Parts of the pyramid Grains Vegetables Fruits
3 ounces of whole grain bread, cereal, crackers, rice, or pasta daily Vegetables Eat more dark green veggies Fruits Eat a variety of fruit Stay away from fruit juices

8 Oils Milk Meat and Beans
Most of fat sources from fish, nuts, and vegetable oils Milk Drink low-fat or fat-free Meat and Beans Choose low-fat or lean meats and poultry

9 Ethnic Foods and the Food Guide Pyramid
Diet influenced by one’s cultural background Usually eat foods that were feed to us in our homes

10 Comparing Your Diet Favorite foods of many Americans consist of:
Fatty foods (hamburgers, fries) Sugars (candy, soda) Sodium-loaded snacks (potato chips) These foods contribute little to nutritional needs and can have harmful effects

11 Fast Food Too much salt, too much fat, and too many calories!!
McDonalds Cheeseburger has 320 calories + large Fries at 450 calories = 770 calories!!!!! Some healthier fast food choices

12 “Junk” Foods and Snacking
Junk foods have so few nutrients and are so high in calories, sugar, and fat they should be avoided Not all snacking is bad Sometimes good to eat small amounts throughout the day Can be bad if: Add extra calories to diet Replace healther foods in diet

13 Special Diets for Athletes
May need to intake more calories than sedentary person Depending on sport, might need to intake more proteins and/or carbohydrates

14 Food Labels How important do you feel it is to read and understand the information on a food label? Do you regularly read food labels now?

15 Reading a Food Label Provide consumers with:
Nutritional information for food Information about how food fits in daily diet The amount per serving of saturated fat, cholesterol, dietary fiber, and other nutrients Full ingredient labeling on processed and packaged food Additives that people may have allergies to

16 Using Food Label Information
Serving Sizes Sizes are standardized and are based off of what the “average” person chooses Calories from Fat Compare with food’s total calories % Daily Value Based on eating a 2000 calorie diet

17 Fat Cholesterol, Sodium Protein Vitamins and Minerals
Important to watch total fat Limiting saturated fat is especially important Cholesterol, Sodium Related to coronary heart disease and high blood pressure Protein Most people on a 2000 calorie diet need no more than 50 g. protein a day Vitamins and Minerals Try to get 100% of Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Iron, and Calcium

18 Nutrients Claims Low sodium, Low fat, Low Cholesterol Light Healthy
Contains a low amounts of these nutrients Light Fewer calories and less fat than the food it’s being compared to Healthy Low in fat and saturated fat, limited amounts of cholesterol and sodium, and provides significant amounts of one or more key nutrients

19 Determining Your Calorie Needs
Must know number of calories burned at rest for sex and size Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) is rate in which body burns food and nutrients to perform normal bodily functions at rest Estimate is requires one calorie per hour for each kilogram of weight 1 kg = 2.2 lbs

20 Facts Good nutrition contributes to greater energy potential for physical activity Make certain water intake is sufficient Eating a high carbohydrate meal is best source of energy before participating in a strenuous workout

21 Fallacies Consuming extra protein will lead to greater or faster strength development Taking vitamin supplements will give you more energy It is necessary to take salt tablets if you perspire a lot during exercise Drinking a sports drink is necessary after exercise Drinking caffeine improves athletic performace

22 Review What steps are needed to achieve a balanced, healthy diet?
What information is provided on a food label? How can a food label help you make better food choices? Which fast food choices are better food choices?

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