Presentation on theme: "Apuntes: Capítulo 1B Realidades 1 Sra. Butsch Nolte Kentridge High School."— Presentation transcript:
Apuntes: Capítulo 1B Realidades 1 Sra. Butsch Nolte Kentridge High School
Apuntes ( ): Subject Pronouns yo nosotros nosotras tú vosotros vosotras usted (Ud.)ustedes (Uds.) él ella ellos ellas Singular Plural 1 st person 2nd person 3rd person I we you - informal you - formal you all he she they
Apuntes ( ) Adjectives Adjectives describe nouns In Spanish all nouns have a gender – feminine or masculine Adjectives must change to match the gender of the noun; person or thing
Apuntes ( ) Adjectives Adjectives also match their nouns in number – plural or singular – el chico inteligentelos chicos inteligentes – la chica perezosalas chicas perezosas The word order is opposite to English. noun + adjective el chico perezoso the lazy boy
Apuntes ( ) Articles In English we have one definite article – the and two indefinite articles – a and an. We use the definite article when we are referring to a specific thing or person. We use the indefinite article when we are not being specific. – I need the chair. (means you have a specific chair in mind) – I need a chair. (means any chair will do, it doesn't matter what one)
Apuntes ( ) Articles In Spanish we have four definite articles. They all mean the but you need a different version of the depending on if the noun is singular or plural, feminine or masculine. masculinefeminine singular ella plural loslas
Apuntes ( ) Articles In Spanish we have four indefnite articles. The singular un and una both mean a or an. The plural unos and unas both mean some, but they are not number specific. masculinefeminine singular ununa plural unosunas
Apuntes ( ) Sentences For the most part sentences in Spanish and English have the same order. Subject + Predicate verb + other information Becca es talentosa. The adjective changes gender.
Apuntes ( ) Sentences One difference – In Spanish the adjective comes after the noun. the smart boy el chico inteligente Another difference – The adjectives and articles change to match the noun in gender and number. the smart boythe smart boys el chico inteligentelos chicos inteligentes
Apuntes ( ) Sentences Therefore, when we are using a noun and an adjective the sentence order is… Subject + Verb + Noun + Adjective Ethan es un chico inteligente.
Apuntes ( ) “ser = to be” Conjugar = to conjugate = change the verb to tell who does something and when (presente or past) to be – present tenseto be – past tense I amI was you areyou were he/she ishe/she was we arewe were you all areyou all were they arethey were
Apuntes ( ) “ser = to be” The inifinitive verb ser in Spanish means to be. It is used to describe people and things. to be = ser I am = yo soywe are = nosotros/as somos you are = tú eresyou all are = vosotros/as sois you are = Ud. esyou all are = Uds. son he/she is = él/ella esthey are = ellos/ellas son ¡MEMORIZE THIS!