5 Apuntes ( ) AdjectivesAdjectives also match their nouns in number – plural or singularel chico inteligente los chicos inteligentesla chica perezosa las chicas perezosasThe word order is opposite to English.noun + adjectiveel chico perezosothe lazy boy
6 Apuntes ( ) ArticlesIn English we have one definite article – the and two indefinite articles – a and an.We use the definite article when we are referring to a specific thing or person. We use the indefinite article when we are not being specific.I need the chair. (means you have a specific chair in mind)I need a chair. (means any chair will do, it doesn't matterwhat one)
7 Apuntes (14.11.13) Articles In Spanish we have four definite articles. They all mean the but you need a different version of the depending on if the noun is singular or plural, feminine or masculine.masculinefemininesingularellapluralloslas
8 Apuntes ( ) ArticlesIn Spanish we have four indefnite articles.The singular un and una both mean a or an.The plural unos and unas both mean some, but they are not number specific.masculinefemininesingularununapluralunosunas
9 Apuntes ( ) SentencesFor the most part sentences in Spanish and English have the same order.Subject + Predicateverb + other informationBecca es talentosa.The adjective changes gender.
10 Apuntes ( ) SentencesOne difference – In Spanish the adjective comes after the noun.the smart boyel chico inteligenteAnother difference – The adjectives and articles change to match the noun in gender and number.the smart boy the smart boysel chico inteligente los chicos inteligentes
11 Apuntes ( ) SentencesTherefore, when we are using a noun and an adjective the sentence order is…Subject + Verb + Noun + AdjectiveEthan es un chico inteligente.
12 Apuntes ( ) “ser = to be”Conjugar = to conjugate = change the verb to tell who does something and when (presente or past)to be – present tenseto be – past tenseI amI wasyou areyou werehe/she ishe/she waswe arewe wereyou all areyou all werethey arethey were
13 ¡MEMORIZE THIS! Apuntes (18.11.13) “ser = to be” The inifinitive verb ser in Spanish means to be. It is used to describe people and things.to be = serI am = yo soywe are = nosotros/as somosyou are = tú eresyou all are = vosotros/as soisyou are = Ud. esyou all are = Uds. sonhe/she is = él/ella esthey are = ellos/ellas son¡MEMORIZE THIS!