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Apuntes: Capítulo 1B Realidades 1 Sra. Butsch Nolte Kentridge High School.

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Presentation on theme: "Apuntes: Capítulo 1B Realidades 1 Sra. Butsch Nolte Kentridge High School."— Presentation transcript:

1 Apuntes: Capítulo 1B Realidades 1 Sra. Butsch Nolte Kentridge High School

2 Apuntes (5.11.13): Subject Pronouns yo nosotros nosotras tú vosotros vosotras usted (Ud.)ustedes (Uds.) él ella ellos ellas Singular Plural 1 st person 2nd person 3rd person I we you - informal you - formal you all he she they

3 Apuntes (7.11.13) Adjectives Adjectives describe nouns In Spanish all nouns have a gender – feminine or masculine Adjectives must change to match the gender of the noun; person or thing

4 Apuntes (7.11.13) Adjectives Masculine endings – -o-or -os-ores Feminine endings – -a-ora -as-oras Neutral endings that don’t change – -e-ista -es-istas

5 Apuntes (7.11.13) Adjectives Adjectives also match their nouns in number – plural or singular – el chico inteligentelos chicos inteligentes – la chica perezosalas chicas perezosas The word order is opposite to English. noun + adjective el chico perezoso the lazy boy

6 Apuntes (14.11.13) Articles In English we have one definite article – the and two indefinite articles – a and an. We use the definite article when we are referring to a specific thing or person. We use the indefinite article when we are not being specific. – I need the chair. (means you have a specific chair in mind) – I need a chair. (means any chair will do, it doesn't matter what one)

7 Apuntes (14.11.13) Articles In Spanish we have four definite articles. They all mean the but you need a different version of the depending on if the noun is singular or plural, feminine or masculine. masculinefeminine singular ella plural loslas

8 Apuntes (14.11.13) Articles In Spanish we have four indefnite articles. The singular un and una both mean a or an. The plural unos and unas both mean some, but they are not number specific. masculinefeminine singular ununa plural unosunas

9 Apuntes (15.11.13) Sentences For the most part sentences in Spanish and English have the same order. Subject + Predicate verb + other information Becca es talentosa. The adjective changes gender.

10 Apuntes (15.11.13) Sentences One difference – In Spanish the adjective comes after the noun. the smart boy el chico inteligente Another difference – The adjectives and articles change to match the noun in gender and number. the smart boythe smart boys el chico inteligentelos chicos inteligentes

11 Apuntes (15.11.13) Sentences Therefore, when we are using a noun and an adjective the sentence order is… Subject + Verb + Noun + Adjective Ethan es un chico inteligente.

12 Apuntes (18.11.13) “ser = to be” Conjugar = to conjugate = change the verb to tell who does something and when (presente or past) to be – present tenseto be – past tense I amI was you areyou were he/she ishe/she was we arewe were you all areyou all were they arethey were

13 Apuntes (18.11.13) “ser = to be” The inifinitive verb ser in Spanish means to be. It is used to describe people and things. to be = ser I am = yo soywe are = nosotros/as somos you are = tú eresyou all are = vosotros/as sois you are = Ud. esyou all are = Uds. son he/she is = él/ella esthey are = ellos/ellas son ¡MEMORIZE THIS!


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