Presentation on theme: "ANTE TODO Subject pronouns"— Presentation transcript:
1 ANTE TODO Subject pronouns In order to use verbs, you will need to learn about subject pronouns.A subject pronoun replaces the name or title of a person or thing and acts as the subject of a verb.In both Spanish and English, subject pronouns are divided into three groups: first person, second person, and third person.
2 yo tú usted (Ud.) él ella Singular FIRST PERSON I SECOND PERSON you (familiar)usted (Ud.)you (formal)THIRD PERSONélheellashe
4 Subject pronounsSpanish has two subject pronouns that mean you (singular).Use tú when addressing a friend, a family member, or a child you know well.Use usted to address a person with whom you have a formal or more distant relationship, such as a superior at work, a professor, or an older person.
5 Subject pronounsThe masculine plural forms nosotros, vosotros, and ellos refer to a group of males or to a group of males and females.The feminine plural forms nosotras, vosotras, and ellas can refer only to groups made up exclusively of females.
6 Es un problema. Es una computadora. Subject pronounsThere is no Spanish equivalent of the English subject pronoun it. Generally it is not expressed in Spanish.Es un problema. Es una computadora.It’s a problem. It’s a computer.
7 you are (form.); he / she is The verb ser (to be)SINGULAR FORMSyosoyI amtúeresyou are (fam.)Ud. / él / ellaesyou are (form.); he / she is
8 you are (form.); they are The verb ser (to be)PLURAL FORMSnosotros/assomoswe arevosotros/assoisyou are (fam.)Uds. / ellos / ellassonyou are (form.); they are
9 To identify people and things —¿Quién es él? —¿Qué es? Uses of serTo identify people and things—¿Quién es él? —¿Qué es?Who is he? What is it?—Es Javier Gómez Lozano. —Es un mapa de España.He’s Javier Gómez Lozano. It’s a map of Spain.
10 To express possession, with the preposition de Uses of serTo express possession, with the preposition de—¿De quién es? —¿De quiénes son?Whose is it? Whose are they?—Es el diario de Maite. —Son los lápices de la chica.It’s Maite’s diary. They are the girl’s pencils.—Es la computadora de Álex. —Son las maletas del chico.It’s Alex’s computer. They are the boy’s suitcases.
11 To express origin, using the preposition de Uses of serTo express origin, using the preposition de—¿De dónde es Javier? —¿De dónde es Inés?Where is Javier from? Where is Inés from?—Es de Puerto Rico. —Es del Ecuador.He’s from Puerto Rico. She’s from Ecuador.
12 To express profession or occupation Don Francisco es conductor. Uses of serTo express profession or occupationDon Francisco es conductor.Don Francisco is a driver.Yo soy estudiante.I am a student.
13 ¡ATENCIÓN!Unlike English, Spanish does not use the indefinite article (un, una) after ser when referring to professions, unless accompanied by an adjective or other description:Marta es profesora.Marta es una profesora excelente.
14 ¡INTÉNTALO! Provide the correct present forms of ser. 1. Gabriel _____2. Juan y yo (m.) _____3. Óscar y Flora _____4. Adriana _____5. las turistas _____6. el chico _____7. los conductores _____8. el señor y la señora Ruiz _____
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