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Sex Crimes and Offenders Chapter 1 Copyright © 2013 Christina Mancini. All rights reserved.
Introduction What is a sex crime? What are some categories of sex crimes? Copyright © 2013 Christina Mancini. All rights reserved.
Overview of Sex Crimes Rape/sexual battery Sexual assault – What is the difference between sexual assault and sexual battery? Child sexual abuse Incest offenses Indecent exposure/public indecency Copyright © 2013 Christina Mancini. All rights reserved.
Overview of Sex Crimes Statutory rape Internet/technology related offenses Copyright © 2013 Christina Mancini. All rights reserved.
Special Legal Issues Difficulty in generalizing offenses across states Variation in sex crime statute’s design Decriminalization efforts vary across states – Wilson v State (2007) – SORNA – “Sexting” Laws subject to judicial challenge – Ashcroft v Free Speech Coalition (2002) Copyright © 2013 Christina Mancini. All rights reserved.
Sex Offender Typologies Why have sex offender typologies? How were sex offender typologies developed? Major Sex Offender Typologies 1) Child molesters 2) Rapists 3) Juvenile sex offenders 4) Female sex offenders 5) Cyber sex offenders Copyright © 2013 Christina Mancini. All rights reserved.
Child Molesters Groth and Birnbaum – Fixated or regressed Knight and Prentky’s classification system – Axis I and axis II FBI typologies – Motivation continuum – Situational vs. referential offenders See table 1.1 Copyright © 2013 Christina Mancini. All rights reserved.
Rapists Groth’s typology – 1) Anger; 2) Power; 3) Sadistic Knight and Prentky’s rapist typology (MTC: R3) – Expands Groth’s typology – 1) Opportunistic; 2) Pervasively angry; 3) Sexual gratification; 4) Vindictive – All sub-types create a nine-type classification system Hazelwood and Warren’s impulsive vs. ritualistic – Based off law enforcement experience – Impulsive and ritualistic offenders See table 1.2 Copyright © 2013 Christina Mancini. All rights reserved.
Juvenile Sex Offenders O’Brien and Bera’s typology – 7 categories Naïve experimenter, under-socialized, pseudo-socialized, sexual aggressive, sexual compulsive, disturbed impulsive, and group influenced Prentky and colleagues (J-SOAP) – More fully developed version of O’Brien and Bera’s typology Worling’s typology – Empirically derived personality-based subgroups (4) – Antisocial/impulsive; unusual/isolated; overcontrolled/reserved; confident/aggressive See Table 1.3 Copyright © 2013 Christina Mancini. All rights reserved.
Female Sex Offender Mathews et al.’s typology – 3 categories Male-coerced; predisposed; teacher/lover Syed and William’s typology – Separated male-coerced and male-accompanied – Added anger as motivation offender category Vandiver and Kercher – 6 categories Heterosexual nurturers; noncriminal homosexual; female sexual predator; young adult child exploiters; homosexual criminals; aggressive homosexual criminals Copyright © 2013 Christina Mancini. All rights reserved.
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