100 In an experiment, this group serves as a baseline for comparison as they are not exposed to whatever the conditions that are being studied.
200 In order to avoid the influence of bias from either the subject or the experimenter, it is best to use this type of experimental design.
300 This school of psychology rejected the earlier focus on consciousness and thought processes and instead pushed for a focus on outwardly observable behaviors.
400 If a study shows that people who drink more coffee tend to get fewer hours of sleep at night, it could be said that amount of coffee consumed and hours of sleep have this type of relationship.
500 This historical school of psychology, founded by Wilhelm Wundt and Edward Titchener, used introspection to attempt to break mental processes into their most basic components.
100 This method of studying brain activity involves measuring electrical activity in the brain and is commonly used in sleep research.
200 This division of the peripheral nervous system controls voluntary muscle movement.
300 Often called the “master gland”, this part of the endocrine system secretes growth hormones and helps control the functioning of other endocrine glands.
400 This type of neurotransmitter is structurally very similar to opioids (opium, heroin, morphine, etc.) and serves essentially the same functions, minimizing pain and producing feelings of pleasure.
500 This part of the brain is involved in functions such as arousal, attention, and regulating sleep. ?
100 This is the minimum difference an individual can detect between any two stimuli 50% of the time.
200 This is a perceptual approach wherein we use our experiences and expectations to help interpret sensations.
300 This theory of color visual processing states that the cones in the retina are sensitive to 3 different colors – red, green, and blue – which in combination can stimulate the perception of any other color.
400 Retinal disparity and convergence are both examples of these means of determining depth.
500 These are the three small bones of the middle ear.
100 If students were classically conditioned to wince at the word “can” by spraying them in the face with water whenever the word is said but the students do not have similar responses to other words - like tan, ran, or van – then the students would be exhibiting this.
200 Reducing a criminal’s prison sentence due to good behavior would be an example of this.
300 This is when something is learned but is not reinforced or put into use until it is needed at a later time.
400 This is our tendency to best remember things that are first (primacy) and last (recency) in a list.
500 In this type of amnesia, a person may be able to remember things from his/her past, but is unable to form new memories moving forward.
100 IQ scores today are no longer determined by dividing “mental age” by “chronological age”, but are instead calculated according to how scores compare to the mean for that age group and where they fall on this type of distribution.
200 In intelligence testing, this is the degree to which the substance of a test is a fair, representative sample of the behavior of interest.
300 This is the tendency to seek out information and reach conclusions that support our preconceptions rather than refute them.
400 These are the grammar rules governing the proper combination of words into sensible phrases and sentences in a given language.
500 This is Hobson & McCarley’s controversial theory that dreams are a meaningless byproduct of REM sleep wherein our brain attempts to make sense of the random neural firing occurring in the hindbrain region.