Presentation on theme: "HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY YAY! A HISTORY LESSON FOR AP PSYCHOLOGY!"— Presentation transcript:
HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY YAY! A HISTORY LESSON FOR AP PSYCHOLOGY!
DUALISM divides world into two parts: body & spirit body (brain): command center of nervous system spirit (mind): sensations, memories, emotions, thoughts, subjective experiences ancient greeks
SOCRATES & PLATO mind is separable from the body knowledge is innate ancient greeks
ARISTOTLE knowledge is not preexisting knowledge grows from experiences stored in memories derive truth from physical world → led to basis of scientific method ancient greeks
RENE DESCARTES mind and body interact o mind controls the body o the body provides the mind with sensory input to decipher some body movements are not controlled by the mind → called them reflexes scientific revolution: 1600-1750
JOHN LOCKE empiricism: acquisition of truth through observations/experiences blank slate: all knowledge must be learned; nothing is innate NURTURE over nature scientific revolution: 1600-1750
THOMAS HOBBES materialism: only things that exist are matter and energy; mind is meaningless our conscious experience is a by-product of the brain NATURE over nurture influenced behaviorism scientific revolution: 1600-1750
WILHELM WUNDT founder of psychology as a science conducted first laboratory experiment (looking at people’s consciousness) scientific revolution: 1600-1750
EDWARD TITCHENER Wundt’s student structuralism: looked at elementary structures of human mind; parts to understand mind introspection: interview process with subject describing his/her conscious experience scientific revolution: 1600-1750
WILLIAM JAMES functionalism: function of mind to solve complex problems; whole how mental and behavioral processes function to enable organisms to adapt, survive, and flourish scientific revolution: 1600-1750
DATES 1920s: psychology defined as o science of mental life 1920s-1960s: psychology defined as o scientific study of observable behavior contemporary psychology: 1900s+
SIGMUND FREUD father of comprehensive psychology had large variety of theories that were never experimented contemporary psychology: 1900s+
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.