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HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY YAY! A HISTORY LESSON FOR AP PSYCHOLOGY!

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Presentation on theme: "HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY YAY! A HISTORY LESSON FOR AP PSYCHOLOGY!"— Presentation transcript:

1 HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY YAY! A HISTORY LESSON FOR AP PSYCHOLOGY!

2 DUALISM divides world into two parts: body & spirit body (brain): command center of nervous system spirit (mind): sensations, memories, emotions, thoughts, subjective experiences ancient greeks

3 SOCRATES & PLATO mind is separable from the body knowledge is innate ancient greeks

4 ARISTOTLE knowledge is not preexisting knowledge grows from experiences stored in memories derive truth from physical world → led to basis of scientific method ancient greeks

5 RENE DESCARTES mind and body interact o mind controls the body o the body provides the mind with sensory input to decipher some body movements are not controlled by the mind → called them reflexes scientific revolution:

6 JOHN LOCKE empiricism: acquisition of truth through observations/experiences blank slate: all knowledge must be learned; nothing is innate NURTURE over nature scientific revolution:

7 THOMAS HOBBES materialism: only things that exist are matter and energy; mind is meaningless our conscious experience is a by-product of the brain NATURE over nurture influenced behaviorism scientific revolution:

8 WILHELM WUNDT founder of psychology as a science conducted first laboratory experiment (looking at people’s consciousness) scientific revolution:

9 EDWARD TITCHENER Wundt’s student structuralism: looked at elementary structures of human mind; parts to understand mind introspection: interview process with subject describing his/her conscious experience scientific revolution:

10 WILLIAM JAMES functionalism: function of mind to solve complex problems; whole how mental and behavioral processes function to enable organisms to adapt, survive, and flourish scientific revolution:

11 DATES 1920s: psychology defined as o science of mental life 1920s-1960s: psychology defined as o scientific study of observable behavior contemporary psychology: 1900s+

12 SIGMUND FREUD father of comprehensive psychology had large variety of theories that were never experimented contemporary psychology: 1900s+

13 WATSON & SKINNER behavioralists rooted psychology in studying observable behaviors contemporary psychology: 1900s+

14 ROGERS & MASLOW humanistic importance of environmental influences on growth potential contemporary psychology: 1900s+

15 COGNITIVE REVOLUTION importance of internal thought process ways we perceive, process, and remember information contemporary psychology: 1900s+

16 TODAY psychology defined as o scientific study of behavior AND mental processes contemporary psychology: 1900s+

17 kthxbye. good luck on the quiz! :)


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