Presentation on theme: "TOWARDS PROVIDING AN EFFICIENT INTEGRATED AIRBORNE SUPPORT CAPABILITY TO S.A. BORDER SECURITY OPERATIONS: A NON-TRADITIONAL ISR APPROACH. GEOFFREY QUICK."— Presentation transcript:
TOWARDS PROVIDING AN EFFICIENT INTEGRATED AIRBORNE SUPPORT CAPABILITY TO S.A. BORDER SECURITY OPERATIONS: A NON-TRADITIONAL ISR APPROACH. GEOFFREY QUICK - MARCH 9 TH 2011 D T
The Traditional “NATO” Imagery Intelligence Tasking Cycle The imagery cycle is used as an integratedThe imagery cycle is used as an integrated component of the overall air operations cycle, typically on a daily planning basis. Tasking Planning ExecutionInterpretation Dissemination
SOME CHARACTERICS OF THE TRADITIONAL IMAGERY TASKING CYCLE a. Often time consuming in generating a response for those on the ground - typically linked to a daily tasking cycle. b. Tending towards inflexibility with dedicated and costly recce platforms: tied into a long command chain. c. Difficult to integrate with opportunity systems availability and events. d. Does, however, provide a verified “Q.A.’d ” product at the end of the chain.
The Non -Traditional Imagery Tasking Cycle Typified by SniperPod/ROVER Terminal Execution Planning Interpretation Real-time FMV Imagery Interpretation & cueing on airborne platform Real time annotated Airborne FMV Display Airborne FMV Display on Ground terminal on Ground terminal Response decision agreed Air/ground Tasking Dissemination
SOME CHARACTERISTICS OF NON- TRADITIONAL ISR (P.E.D.)PROCESS EXPLOITATION DISSEMINATE)
Some Suggested Characteristics of S.A. Peacetime Airborne Border Security Support Operations a. Operations will be Day/Night b. Operations will involve ground based border control elements. c. Operations will often be close to territory of neighbouring countries. e. An element of inshore littoral patrolling is likely. f. Various agencies may well have involvement. d. The direct threat to the operating platforms will normally be low.
a. Operations will be Day/Night i.Sensor fit has to be day/night capable. Real Time Video (RTV) needed for good NT-ISR interpretation of activity. iii. Implication is that the platform be capable of sustained medium/low level operation to support Optical/IR sensor pack. ii. Radar is not ideal for tracking small non-metallic bodies. Active optical night time systems such as Nitesun lack covertness. However, Optical /IR sensor system proven for operating in this environment.
b. Operations will involve ground based Border Control elements. i. Operations will involve players from differing cultures and ‘modus operandi’. Close liaison with those on the ground is essential. iii. The establishment of higher regional joint operations facility is implied to co-ordinate and monitor activity up to a national level. ii. Local platform /system that can operate close to and in direct support of Border control ground elements is desirable.
c. Operations will often be close to the territory of neighbouring countries. c. Operations will often be close to the territory of neighbouring countries. i. Associated Airborne activity to border control activity must be innocuous and non-threatening. iii. Collateral Imagery required cross-border should be obtained either by long range oblique sensing or by commercial imaging satellite. ii. Thus platforms must themselves be non-threatening and normally confined to national airspace.
i. Countermeasures systems, typically on combat aircraft need not be employed. iii. The crew/platform training and operations cost implications can be minimised. ii. A civilian aircraft and crew could be utilised to operate the airborne sensor system and ground data link. d. The direct threat to the operating platforms will normally be low.
i. South Africa has a long coastline which, with its associated ports and harbours, presents challenges to overall border security. iii. A maritime AIS system can be integrated in to the sensor suite to aid inshore surveillance elements of overall Border Security operations. ii. An established airborne Border Security support system using Optical/FLIR systems can be flexed into operating in support of inshore maritime patrol. e. An element of inshore littoral patrolling is likely.
i. For effective integration of effort the concept of a regional multi user/ multi disciplinary centre is attractive. iii. By providing a “reach- back” facility to direct support units, overall planning and integration of input ( e.g. Commercial Satellite Imagery and GIS/GEOINT products) can be centralised and rationalised. ii. This would be located centrally and provide overall policy and coordination of effort to border operations. f. Various agencies may well have involvement. iv. Such overall capability can support other activities in extremis, e.g. Policing or Disaster management)
Remote Sensing Imagery Interpretation Regional /Cultural Understanding THE INTERLOCKING SKILL SETS REQUIREMENT IN SUPPORT OF BORDER SECURITY JOINT IMAGERY INTERPRETATION
UNCLASSIFIED/OFFICIAL USE ONLY IR Brightness Laser Modes Laser Status A lightweight Optical /FLIR system with data link FLIR CAMERA – WESCAM L3 Sonoma M14 Weight: 74# Power Consumption: 200W Operating Temp: -40 to +55deg C Field of Regard: 360 deg AZ +20 to -120 deg EL Target Detect (km) Recognize (km)Identify (km) Man8 (6)2 (3)1 Truck (4m)1542 Tank (10m)>20>10>4 A Suggested Sensor Package
Advantages a. Fast transit into area and with enhanced survivability. Disadvantages a. Extremely aggressive high impact statement both to local civilians and to political neighbours. b. High direct and indirect operating costs. c. Inappropriate use of a vital air asset. Platform options. 1.Military “fast jet’ Reconnaissance /attack aircraft
Advantages a. Capable of legally imaging neighbouring territory, ideal for planning and area analysis. Disadvantages a. Long tasking response loop nothing approaching real time. b. No persistence over target area. No FMV yet. c. Only RADAR available for night time observation. Platform options. 2. Imaging satellite
Hunter Advantages a. Low impact system. Disadvantages a. Systems still gaining confidence regarding issues such as overall reliability and indirect operating costs. b. Problems flying in controlled airspace/integration with manned aircraft operations. c. Overall Control loop still perceived as eroding situational awareness. Platform options. 3. Uninhabited Air vehicle b. Good Persistence over target area.
Advantages a.. Flexible medium/low level platform Disadvantages a. Comparatively high operating costs for platform size. b. Can still be seen as an aggressive platform. c. Again a critical inventory item with capabilities beyond this requirement. Platform options. 3. Helicopter b. Capable of forward operation from unprepared sites in close liaison with ground elements.
Advantages a. Low procurement and operating costs. Disadvantages c. Low impact, unaggressive platform. a. Slow transit requires use near to deployed sites. b. Limited to fairly lightweight sensor sytems Platform options. 3. Civilian Light Aircraft. b. Capable of forward operation from basic airstrips in close liaison with ground elements.
UNCLASSIFIED/OFFICIAL USE ONLY Economical Manned Airborne ISR Concept System Description D T
UNCLASSIFIED/OFFICIAL USE ONLY Overview Description: Moving Target International (MTI), in cooperation with Dragoon Technologies (a US DoD Contractor) is actively developing an economical ISR platform for world-wide use. Recent Events: Completed two similar integration tasks in 2009 for US Agencies Formed a PI-based company to handle in-country requirements (MTI)Completed preliminary design review of PI system with FAA-compliance D T
UNCLASSIFIED/OFFICIAL USE ONLY Economical Manned Airborne ISR System Description Cessna 182 IFR equipped w/GPS and ICOM VHF Comms L-3 Wescam M-14 Day/Night (excl. cloud cover) Single M14 belly mount Twin M14 config w/ARM extension Dragoon 3DL LOS L-band Link >100km range portable ground receivers Co-pilot is ISR Operator Mission duration 4-5hrs max. D T
UNCLASSIFIED/OFFICIAL USE ONLY Economical Manned Airborne ISR Design Considerations Lightweight, modular, expandable ISR Minimal equipment infrastructure to support space constrained installattions. M-14 has unique sparing potential Enhanced video quality due to onboard processing Flight certified components Field-Maintainable/Sustainable D T
System Description Daytime Color Sensors Color Zoom Sensor Progressive Zoom Color Spotter Sensor Fixed FOV Digital Zoom 2X,4X
System Description Night-time Spotter Color Day and CMCCD share 1000mm spotter lens Low-light ID with 2-3x better resolution vs. IR ID of persons, vehicle, letters at low light levels Benefits over I 2 tube technology CMCCD daytime capable w/o burnout unlike I 2 Long Range Low-Light Identification Day Color Spotter Night CMCCD Spotter
MX-14’s Digital IR Camera Delivers the Best Flight-Proven Range Performance Narrow FOV Very Narrow FOV Wide FOV Intermediate FOV System Description IR Sensor 2NM Range to Target
UNCLASSIFIED/OFFICIAL USE ONLY Economical Manned Airborne ISR System Features and Capabilities-15i Hand Controller D T Camera ARM extension for M14 FLIR Moving Map Display Digital Data Link
UNCLASSIFIED//OFFICIAL USE ONLY Icaros provides an end-to-end system which enables the automatic creation of precise mapping data based on high-resolution aerial photography - with or without an existing geographic database. Borders Governments need to combat illegal immigration, smuggling of drugs/prostitutes, and other criminal activities related to border control. Despite sophisticated electronic and other surveillance measures, it is extremely difficult to prevent illegal border crossings, particularly in desolate locations along long borders. Even in cases where tampering is immediately detected by electronic means, by the time security forces arrive at the scene the smugglers are long gone. Icaros can be used to provide very accurate and up-to-date information regarding tampering or gaps in the fence, as well as identifying trails used by smugglers. High-resolution images with exact geographic information indicate where and how the border has been compromised. Once this information is known, ambushes can be set up to apprehend the criminals. Icaros can also be used to help resolve border disputes between countries or states. The precise mapping information generated by the system can be used to verify the accuracy of physical borders. In the event of discrepancies, the border can be corrected based on the information provided by the system. Click here to read about Defence Basic high resolution imagery D T
UNCLASSIFIED//OFFICIAL USE ONLY Basic high-resolution imagery plus contours ( example of simple “reach back” support product)
UNCLASSIFIED//OFFICIAL USE ONLY Example of typical inshore surveillance imagery in support of Border Security
UNCLASSIFIED//OFFICIAL USE ONLY Recent high-resolution imagery ( in support of Disaster management)
Any Questions? Please note brochures and contact details are available for Dragoon Technologies and ASI. Further information is available on: www.dragoon.aero/site/index.html www.afrispace.org/ Or e-mail Geoff Quick on firstname.lastname@example.org