Presentation on theme: "Battle of Falkirk 1298 Arrived back in England from France (March) Moved his headquarters to York Summoned a massive army to assemble at Roxburgh on 25."— Presentation transcript:
Battle of Falkirk 1298 Arrived back in England from France (March) Moved his headquarters to York Summoned a massive army to assemble at Roxburgh on 25 June York In the spring of 1298 Edward... Roxburgh
Edward’s Army Consisted of –2000 cavalry –12,000 infantry (10,000 of which were Irish or Welsh) Edward joined his army in early July Scorched Earth Policy As the English marched north the Scots burnt and destroyed the countryside Why? To stop them finding any food or shelter
English army was running out of supplies and near starvation He issued them with wine to boost morale Welsh troops got drunk, fought with English soldiers and several were killed The Welsh threatened to join the Scots Then the supply ships arrived and the Welsh rejoined the army Problems for Edward....
The Scots were only 13 miles away at Falkirk The English slept in full armour Edward slept on the ground like his men During the night his horse trod on him breaking a rib, but this would not stop him leading his troops into battle The Night before the Battle
Wallace knew the force of the English cavalry His plan was to deliberately avoid making contact with the enemy His plan involved –drawing the English on –stretching out their supply lines to cause hunger and internal strife He very nearly succeeded Wallace’s Plan
The Scots army 6000 footsoldiers equipped with long spears Small body of archers 500 to 600 knights provided by the nobles Many in the Scottish army demanded that they stand and fight Wallace, whose authority rested on the support of the army had to give way
The Scots Position Edward’s Army Scots Army Knights Longbows and crossbows Scots knights 4 Schiltrons with men in each Slamman hill Callander Wood Wooden stakes tied with rope Marshland Archers
I have brought you to the ring, hop if you can Wallace turned to his men… As soon as Edward’s army sighted the Scots the English cavalry plunged into the attack
Edward’s Army Scots Army English knights divided into 2 halves and went round either side of the marshland to attack the Scots from the sides
Edward’s Army Scots Army Most of the Scot archers were killed.
Edward’s Army Scots Army The Scots knights saw this and fled
English knights charged at the schiltrons but could not break through, many horses were killed
Edward brought in his Welsh longbowmen and foreign crossbowmen to fire at the schiltrons
Scottish soldiers fell in their hundreds.
Edward then ordered his knights to attack the schiltrons again. This time the schiltrons broke and the Scots scattered
Hundreds of Scots were killed Wallace fled the battle with a core of followers into the surrounding woodland