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Russia VS Japan The Russo-Japanese War came about because of rivalry over dominance and control of ports in Korea and Manchuria. Expansionist Policy.

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Presentation on theme: "Russia VS Japan The Russo-Japanese War came about because of rivalry over dominance and control of ports in Korea and Manchuria. Expansionist Policy."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Russia VS Japan

3 The Russo-Japanese War came about because of rivalry over dominance and control of ports in Korea and Manchuria. Expansionist Policy Russia had a desire to claim an Ice free port. Both Russia and Japan wanted to claim control of Port Arthur. The Tsar saw the war as an opportunity to win back credibility with his people with a decisive victory. Thus discouraging the growing threat of an internal revolution. Began in 1904 when Japan attacked Port Arthur.

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5 Causes Russian expansionism Need of an ice-free port Distraction from internal problems Course Port Arthur fell to Japan in January 1905 Russian surrender of Mukden, February 1905 Russian fleet destroyed at Tsushima, May 1905 Russian Surrender Outcome Loss of Manchuria, Korea and Port Arthur Reasons for Russian Defeat Underestimation of Japanese Strength Inadequate military planning Poor Strength Japanese readiness, skill and spirit

6 REASONS FOR 1905 REVOLUTION Governments own responsibility Repression Taxation Incompetent Leadership Social unrest-Economic Recession-Bad harvests Peasants’ anger over mortgage repayments Workers’ anger over unemployment and falling wages Russia’s dismal performance against Japan

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8 FATHER GAPON 1870 – Born 1903 – Organized assembly Russian Workers supporting workers rights 1904 – Involved in Mass Strike 1905 – Led peaceful petition to the Tsar in January Bloody Sunday. Fled to Geneva. Returned St Petersburg 1906 – Murdered by Okhrana (supposedly)OF NOTE: Gapon became a religious teacher at the St Olga children orphanage, from In 1902 Gapon was discharged, from his duties as a priest due to "moral sinfulness". Later, George Gapon married one of the girls from the orphanage, Maria Uzdaleva. The marriage remained unregistered, as a second marriage was forbidden to Orthodox priests. Debate that he was a double agent. Hanged see Murder Wall

9 EVENTS OF 1905 – 1906 Bloody Sunday- Role of Gapon Strikes in Major cities Milyukov leads liberal groups in a ‘Union of Unions’ Peasants seizure of land- Soviets formed- Mutinies in the services Return of Witte Tsar issues October Manifesto

10 GOVERNMENT RECOVERY Liberals Placated – didn't enjoy mixing with workers One middle class proprietor “ people abused his hospitality by molesting his daughters,urinating on his carpets and stealing everything they could carry” and October Manifesto offered concessions Peasants – mortgage repayments reduced and eventually abolished Workers crushed – by returning forces Fundamental Laws – No law could come into force without ratification from the Tsar (April 1906)

11 SIGNIFICANCE AND LESSONS OF 1905 REVOLUTION Revolutionaries not really involved – Lenin arrived at end Tsarist regime survived relatively unscathed. Few concessions Liberals and peasants accepted changes No clear revolutionary leadership,unity or direction First broad-based challenge to Tsardom


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