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?  starter activity Read the soundbites and work out which political opposition group is speaking or being referred to.

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Presentation on theme: "?  starter activity Read the soundbites and work out which political opposition group is speaking or being referred to."— Presentation transcript:

1 ?  starter activity Read the soundbites and work out which political opposition group is speaking or being referred to.

2 How close to success did revolutionaries come in 1905? To analyse the impact of the Russo-Japanese War To identify the causes of the 1905 Revolution To weigh up the success or failure of the Tsar’s response  Aims

3  Your task Read Lynch p.31-2 and answer these questions: Read Lynch p.31-2 and answer these questions: Why did Russia go to war with Japan in 1905? Why did Russia go to war with Japan in 1905? What impact did the loss of the war have on the government? What impact did the loss of the war have on the government?

4 Reasons for war with Japan Expansion in the East would compensate for declining influence in Europe Expansion in the East would compensate for declining influence in Europe Japan seen as an easy target Japan seen as an easy target Long-standing territorial disputes in region Long-standing territorial disputes in region Ice-free port Ice-free port Distraction from Russia’s domestic problems: ‘We need a small, victorious war to avert a revolution’ (Interior Minister, Viacheslav Plehve) Distraction from Russia’s domestic problems: ‘We need a small, victorious war to avert a revolution’ (Interior Minister, Viacheslav Plehve) Economic: need to expand Russia’s markets into Far East Economic: need to expand Russia’s markets into Far East Japanese attack on Port Arthur Japanese attack on Port Arthur

5 Impact of war Russian military exposed as poorly prepared: Japanese army & navy better prepared than expected; Japanese secured strategic positions, e.g. Port Arthur Russian military exposed as poorly prepared: Japanese army & navy better prepared than expected; Japanese secured strategic positions, e.g. Port Arthur Russian navy suffered embarrassing defeat: destroyed by Japanese navy at Tsushima, May, 1905 Russian navy suffered embarrassing defeat: destroyed by Japanese navy at Tsushima, May, 1905 Army was overstretched: Trans-Siberian railway proved of little value Army was overstretched: Trans-Siberian railway proved of little value Failure in foreign policy provoked domestic unrest Failure in foreign policy provoked domestic unrest

6  Your task Read the information your teacher provides about the 1905 revolution and identify as many causes, short or long term of the revolution. Read the information your teacher provides about the 1905 revolution and identify as many causes, short or long term of the revolution. Father Gapon at the head of a group of protestors

7 1905 Revolution Growth in political opposition, e.g. terrorist attacks, including assassination of Interior Minister Growth in political opposition, e.g. terrorist attacks, including assassination of Interior Minister Blame for failure of Russo-Japanese War Blame for failure of Russo-Japanese War Relaxation of censorship laws of Alex III Relaxation of censorship laws of Alex III Nicholas II’s vague promises, e.g. broader participation in public affairs Nicholas II’s vague promises, e.g. broader participation in public affairs Strike in protest at sacking of 5 Putilov workers in St Petersburg Strike in protest at sacking of 5 Putilov workers in St Petersburg Leadership of Father Gapon, cleric & trade union leader Leadership of Father Gapon, cleric & trade union leader Response of Palace guards Response of Palace guards

8  Your task Document exercise. Study sources A-D and answer questions 1-4. Document exercise. Study sources A-D and answer questions 1-4.

9  Homework Read Lynch p What were the effects of the 1905 Revolution? Think about these areas: Read Lynch p What were the effects of the 1905 Revolution? Think about these areas: Political opposition Political opposition Standing of the Tsar Standing of the Tsar Military (including navy) Military (including navy) List the reasons why the revolution failed List the reasons why the revolution failed


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