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MGNREGS – A SCHEME FOR PROTECTING NATURAL RESOURCES & CONSERVING BIODIVERSITY Rural Development Dept. Govt. of Andhra Pradesh.

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Presentation on theme: "MGNREGS – A SCHEME FOR PROTECTING NATURAL RESOURCES & CONSERVING BIODIVERSITY Rural Development Dept. Govt. of Andhra Pradesh."— Presentation transcript:

1 MGNREGS – A SCHEME FOR PROTECTING NATURAL RESOURCES & CONSERVING BIODIVERSITY Rural Development Dept. Govt. of Andhra Pradesh

2 Key objectives – To enhance livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year to every rural household willing to do manual unskilled work. – Creation of productive and durable assets through regenerating natural resource base – Strengthening grass root processes of democracy infusing transparency and accountability in governance

3 Salient Features Rights-based framework for wage employment Application for Work: Adult members of a rural household who are willing to do unskilled manual work may apply for registration to the local Gram Panchayat Guaranteed wage employment within 15 days of application for work Works: Contractors and machinery are prohibited 60:40 wage and material ratio has to be maintained at GP level. The shelf of works has to be prepared and approved by Gram Sabha. Work should be provided within 5 km radius of the village or else extra wages of 10% are payable Payment of Wages: Payment of wage through Bank and Post Office Accounts Disbursement of wages has to be done on weekly basis and not beyond a fortnight 3 ▪ Work site facilities Crèche, drinking water, first aid and shade provided at worksites ▪ Funding: 90% by Government of India 10% by State Government ▪ Unemployment Allowance: If employment is not provided within 15 days of application for work, daily unemployment allowance, in cash has to be paid. Liability of payment of unemployment allowance is of the States

4 Performance of MGNREGS (cumulative) ▪ $ 4.32 billion expenditure was incurred since inception of MGNREGS benefitting 9.37 million rural households ▪ 1.8 billion persondays were provided to rural households with an average wage rate of $1.77 amounting to total $3.2 billion wages. ▪ 18.9 million labourers have accessed MGNREGA at least once. 4

5 Shrama Shakti Sanghas (SSS groups)  All serious labourers are grouped into SSS with group size of 10 to 30.  Objectives:  To ensure 100 days wage employment to all the households in SSS groups.  To improve the efficiency of work turnout by the labourers.  To provide an internal monitoring mechanism among the wage seekers to ensure quantity and quality of work standards.  0.74 million Shrama Shakti Sanghas were formed with 13 million labourers.  Works are allocated to each group sufficient for 100 days  Muster rolls issued in advance to ensure continuous work

6 VSSS - Persons with Disabilities To empower the PwDs, separate groups were formed and special focus is given for providing wage employment VSSS formed with 0.1 million PwDs till date. Wage rate for work done by PwDs is 30% more than Rural SSR. Total wages paid to PwDs was $30.78 million. Separate works identified and allotted for VSSS groups Additional $0.19 per day towards travel expenses is paid for a distance of upto 5 Kms; If the distance is more than 5 Kms, $0.38 per person per day is paid along with wages One District Coordinator is appointed in each district specially for providing wage employment for PWDs APNA (D) has been formed with NGOs working for PwDs. 6

7 eMMS Pay slip through FA/ Mate handed over to labourers Cash Through BPM /CSP Post Office/ Banks Implementation Process 7 Payorder and FTOs Worksite – Attendance & Measurements Mandal Computer Centres Cash disbursement in village

8 MGNREGS SERP Horticulture Dept Minor Irrigation Dept RWS Forest Dept Panchayat Raj Dept Tribal Welfare Dept Collaboration with other Departments ▪ The expertise of line Departments is used in implementation of MGNREGS works pertaining to each Dept, without incurring additional costs ▪ Exclusive DCC (Department Computer Centers) are established for each Dept 8

9 Convergence with IWMP  Complete saturation mode based Detailed Project Reports with convergence plans for NREGS.  Segregation of NRM based Projects for implementation by IWMP & MG-NREGS in IWMP villages.  12 out of 22 categories of works i.e watershed related works are taken up by IWMP as well as NREGS staff in IWMP villages  Sharing of funds & staff between both the programmes based on the type of projects executed as well as for Human Resource services Land Development & Fodder Dev. Projects Ground Water Recharge, Drainage Line Treatment, Afforestation, Fodder Devt, Common Property resources Projects Watershed Computer Centre NREGS FUNDS IWMP FUNDS Others – Flood control, Roads etc Mandal Computer Centre NREGS Funds Dry Land Horticulture Land Dev. works Watershed Computer Centre Mandal Computer Centre

10 SC/ST Land Development ▪ 3.35 million acres of fallow land is identified for development belonging to 1.2 million SC, ST, Small & Marginal farmers. Out of the total land identified for development, 1.6 million acres are in progress, 0.29 million acres completed. ▪ 3.9 million acres of degraded cultivable lands belonging to 1.45 million SC, ST, Small & Marginal farmers is identified for development. Out of the total land identified, 1.15 million acres is in progress, 0.31 million acres completed. ▪ Total amount spent on land development since inception is $1.13 billion which is 30% of total expenditure 10 Pebble Bunding Deep Ploughing in virgin lands

11 Horticulture ▪ During , horticulture crops are being taken up in million acres. ▪ 90% of the crop is Mango. Remaining crops are Cashew, sweet lime etc. ▪ Till now, 95% of planting is completed. ▪ In addition to that in around 7,700 acres coffee plantation in Paderu agency area in Vishakhapatnam. ▪ Total number of farmers to be benefited cumulatively so far is around 0.48 million farmers covering million acres under fruit crops and 37,700 acres under coffee crop. ▪ Amount spent is $ million (4%) 11

12 Bund Plantation  During , bund plantation was taken up with 60 million plants.  In the year 2012, bund/boundary plantation is taken up in the lands of around 0.3 million farmers' lands.  Beneficiaries are mainly SC/ST as well as small and marginal farmers.  50 million of plants were planted during the year. Main plants are teak, Neredu, Chinta etc. 12  Under this scheme, one time cost of pitting, planting, transportation, plants and maintenance cost up to $0.95, $0.57 and $0.399 per plant is given to farmers in first, second and third years respectively.

13 Minor Irrigation Tanks  Minor Irrigation tanks including desilting were taken up with an expenditure of $ million (17% of the total expenditure incurred) The work resulted in stabilization of 0.85 million acres ayacut. 13

14 Feeder Channels ▪ Feeder channels in with an expenditure of $ million (ie., 5.4% of total expenditure) stabilizing an ayacut of 0.52 million acres. 14

15 Percolation & Mini Percolation Tanks ▪ 0.12 million percolation and mini percolation tanks with an expenditure of $ million (4% of total expenditure) ▪ 90 million cubic meters of water can be stored. 15

16 Earthen Bunding ▪ Earthen bunding in 0.85 million acres was made with an expenditure of $144.4 million (3.8% of the total expenditure) ▪ Work taken up for improving the soil and water conservation. 16

17 Assets Created 17 Rs. Cr

18 Common Property Resource Development 18 - Seed Dibbling - Mini Percolation Tank - Enrichment plantation - Fire Tracing - Cattle Proof Trench - Trench-cum-Bund plantation - Farm pond - Water Absorption Trenches at foot hills - Staggered trench - Percolation tank

19 Presence of flora & fauna in AP 19 Trees Name Botanical Name Local Name 1Butea MonospemaModugu 2Cassia montanaPagati Tangedu 3Dolichandrone crispaNir-wodi 4Morinda tinctoriaTogar mogilli 5Pongamia glabraKangu 6Premna tomentosaNagur 7Randia dumetorumManga 8Tectona grandisTeku 9Wrightia tinctoriaPala Kodisha 10Zizypus xylopyraGoti Ground floor 1Cassia auriculataTangedu 2Cymbopogon contortusKashigaddi 3Hetro pulvntusEddigaddi 4Sehima nervosumChotaShadai Animal 1BearElugubanti 2HareChevula Pilli 3PorcupineMulla Pandi 4Spotted deerChukkala Jimka

20 Dolichandrone crispa(Niruddi)

21 Wrightia Tinctoria(Palakodisha)

22 Butea monosperma(Moduga)

23 Randia dumetorum(Manga)

24 24 Thank you.


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