3 Qualitative & Quantitative monitoring Qualitative monitoring to check adherence to processes and fulfillment of spirit of NREGANational Level Monitors & Special Appraisal Teams visitsArea Officers & Senior Officers of other Central Ministries visitsThrough MISQuantitative monitoring to assess physical and financial progressMonthly progress reports obtained from States
4 4 MPR formats Household format: Household related information Employment format: Employment provided and its breakup category wiseWorks format: Works taken up, their nature and proportionExpenditure format: Funds utilised, the extant and nature of expenditure
5 Monitoring on Quantitative Parameters Job cards issuedDemand for employment of a HouseholdEmployment provided to a householdEmployment provided to women, SC & STNumber of persondays generated in the district.Cost of one day of employment providedNumber of days of employment provided to a householdExpenditure incurred on wages, material and administrationNature of works taken up and their proportion.
6 Monitoring of important Parameters PlanningPreparation of perspective plansPreparation of labour budgetJob cardNumber of days taken in issuing Job CardUpdation and the entries in Job CardID and authentication of Job CardJob card is in custody of householdApplication for demandAcknowledgement of demand by dated receiptMuster Roll maintenanceMuster roll is numbered and authenticatedOnly valid muster roll is used and are available at worksiteAll entries in muster roll are being made, such as attendance, wage payment made.100% verification of muster roll
7 Monitoring of other important Parameters_contd. Wage paymentWage payment is through Banks/ Post officesWage payment if being made in cash is in front of communityWage payment is not delayed.Work measurement and labour productivityMeasurement is done once a week7 hours of diligent work entitles the wage earner minimum wagesTransparencyWhether the requirements of putting NREGA records in public domain are being fulfilled.Social audit is being undertakenCitizen is able to access information on NREGA
8 Other aspects that are monitored closely Whether IEC activities are enhancing awareness, especially about processesDeployment and Capacity Building of dedicated staff at all levels100% inspection of works by State/ District/ Block level officialsEffectiveness of Grievance Redressal Mechanism and disposal of complaints.State of Operationalisation of MIS
10 Methodology of Development of NREGASoft Assessible atResult of Continuous Consultations with the StatesOffline version was provided to States for beta testingOnline version tried by States and shortcomings communicatedNIC team and Ministry’s officials with domain knowledge interacted with the various States & Districts
11 General PrinciplesData entry at the level of occurrence of the event [due to resource constraint data entry being done at Block level]Data entry, data aggregation to be software engineeredData on the web in public domainReport generation on the basis of data entered [currently monthly progress reports are being entered at Ministry level]Available in local language
12 Necessity for computer based MIS The magnitude of operations of NREGA throw large scale data, which is difficult to monitor without MIS. The Programme monitoring entails employment monitoring of each household.MIS is a Management toolMIS to track time-bound activities: throws alertsProvision of employment with in 15 days of demandingTo track whether unemployment allowance is to be paidTo generate progress reports in desired formatsTo monitor the data and analyse the progressTo enhance transparency and to meet RTI mandates
13 How to operationalise MIS Hardware requirementBasic computerSoftware requirementMIS is Browser independent: Internet Explorer, Mozilla or firefox can be used.Offline mode can operate on Open source-Linux or WindowsFor offline operation NREGASoft is to loadedTrained OperatorsAt least two operators at Block level.
14 MIS an aid to quality implementation MIS performs the following critical functions:Records households information and data pertaining to issue of Job Card]Records and tracks the fulfillment of employment guaranteeEmployment Demand and supply [keeps tracks of allotment of employment]Records the Muster Roll data, that pertain to Wage Payments, number of days of work done and the work on which employment provided.Ensure and tracks Fund availability at each levelEnhances Transparency [Muster rolls, Job Card register, Employment register and information on works are available on the MIS]Enhances promptness of Grievance Redressal
15 Operational Details of IT Plan The MIS structure and standard defined by MORDStates free to develop their own MIS with interoperability and compatibility in perspectiveGram Panchayat to be the basic unit for data base design, but data entry could be done at Block levelComputerisation work of Block level could be outsourced
17 The NIC’s MIS incorporates Beneficiary moduleregistration of household, issue of Job Card, demand & provision of employment, work done & payment of wages, payment of Unemployment allowance.Planning & Works management modulePreparation of works estimate, Technical & Administrative approval of works, Shelf of Project preparation, physical monitoring of works progress, works taken by various agencies, assets createdFinance moduleAllotment of funds, speedy fund release, report on finance & social audits, ATR on finance & Social Audit paras, Utilisation certificates, reconciliation of accounts
18 MIS_contd. Monitoring module Human Resource module MIS to capture, analyse, retrieve data: Social Audit, RTI compliant generation of reports in citizens domain.Human Resource moduleStaff directory, Capacity building details, Pay roll of NREGA staffGrievance redressal moduleNational classification of grievances, details like name, address, nature and date of grievance and the date and nature of disposal
19 The Software generates Job cardsUnique IDs for Households, Individuals, WorksTechnical Approval of worksAdministrative approval of worksList of work in shelf of projectsMIS reports and MPRReports for citizens and wage seeker
23 1. Citizens Module Citizen can check online NREGA: National Overview StatisticsNREGA Implementation Status ReportWork Status ReportFinancial Progress ReportAnalysis of Progress Under NREGAReports from MISNational Level ReportsEmployment StatusWork StatusFinancial StatementAvailable Fund at Each LevelExpenditure Statement for WorksCategory wise Expenditure Statement for WorksMuster RollGP level ReportsAnalytic ReportNREGA Implementation Status AnalysisList of Work(s) Running Behind ScheduleWork Approval AnalysisGender,Caste,Work & Wage AnalysisWork Execution Agency Analysis with the Level of ExecutionWork Material, Labour Wages Expenditure Ratio AnalysisRegistersRegistration Application RegisterJob card/Employment RegisterMuster roll issue RegisterMuster roll Receipt Register
56 5.1 Programme Officer Data Entry Registration, Attend complaints, comment on GP worksissue Muster RollPayment of unemployment allowance Generate Reportslist of work for approvalMSR RegisterPending Worksunfulfilled demandlist of projects having vacancyproject which can be taken up to meet unfulfilled demand. Report on unemployment allowance paid
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