Presentation on theme: " Economic disaster, poor nation Resentment against foreign enemies or former friends who betrayed you Parliamentary chaos, weak government National."— Presentation transcript:
Economic disaster, poor nation Resentment against foreign enemies or former friends who betrayed you Parliamentary chaos, weak government National dreams of world power, nostalgia Middle class and upper class seeking security Famine, epidemics Urban strikes, rural uprisings The desire for unity among the people
Offer security and direction Blame some minority or foreign group repeatedly for nation’s problems Take over cities Use violence against persons and presses Strict party discipline National network Associate self with leader of revolution
March on Rome, accept invitation to head government Gain promotion within party Use symbols, propaganda Appeal to voters Convince legislative body to grant emergency powers
Intimidate to secure votes Arrest enemies End free press Secret police Ally with Church (anti-Communist, social control) Ally with big business (stability, privileges) Control bureaucracy; party becomes government Control key businesses Create fantastical Leader
Go get empire, living space Ally with other totalitarian regime Force industrialization Confiscate lands, control farming Promote parties in other countries Purge, purge, and purge again Autarky, self-sufficiency
Control the youth Reward motherhood Eliminate threats, undesirables
Read chapter 27: consider In what ways was Europe broken? How did totalitarian regimes come to power (including Franco in Spain)? What conditions were different in France and Britain that allowed democracy to survive?