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 Explain how dictators an militaristic regimes arose in several countries in the 1930s  Summarize the actions taken by aggressive regimes in Europe.

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Presentation on theme: " Explain how dictators an militaristic regimes arose in several countries in the 1930s  Summarize the actions taken by aggressive regimes in Europe."— Presentation transcript:

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2  Explain how dictators an militaristic regimes arose in several countries in the 1930s  Summarize the actions taken by aggressive regimes in Europe and Asia  Analyze the responses of Britain, France, and the U.S. to the aggressive regimes

3  1918-WWI ends  nations meet-Treaty of Versailles  Germany resented treaty  Italy and Japan expected more land  Totalitarianism -theory of govt in which a single party or leader controls the economic, social, and cultural lives of its people.

4  st totalitarian state (Lenin)  Stalin took power in 1924  Cruel and ruthless  Wanted to turn SU into industrial power and create state-run collective farms– Great Terror  Purged Communist party of traitors

5  Didn’t get land on Adriatic coast after WWI from division of Austria-Hungary  Post-war depression  Benito Mussolini  Fascist Party  Followers known as Black Shirts  Outlawed political parties, took over press, secret police, suppressed strikes

6  After WWI-democracy, the Weimar Republic  Severe economic trouble and anger over Treaty of Versailles  Rise of Nazi party…National Socialist German Workers Party  Adolf Hitler  Opposed the “ism” parties that promoted workers rights or class interests over German ethnic solidarity

7  Book Mein Kampf (My Struggle)-national best seller!  Stated his explanations for problems in Germany  Criticized many people, political programs/ideologies, and mostly Jews  Anti-Semitic-prejudice against Jews  1938-Hitler appointed Chancellor of Germany

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11  1920s-Democracy…ended in 1930s with Depression  Military leaders argued expansion throughout Asia would solve economic troubles  1931-Manchuria  1937-took control of Chinese rails  Did not become a totalitarian dictatorship, stayed constitutional monarchy

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13  League of Nations  Weak b/c America didn’t join, no army, “long on words, short in action”  Hitler  Restored army and nullified Treaty of Versailles  Wanted to expand, 1935 seized Saar, 1936 Rhineland  Mussolini  1935 invaded Ethiopia

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15  Policy of France and Britain against aggressive nations  Granting concessions to a potential enemy in hope it will maintain peace  Caused fascist leaders to become more aggressive  Hitler-  Austria-no choice, union called Anschluss  Sudetenland (Czechoslovakia)  Munich Conference-Munich Pact


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