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Ch. 14 Sec. 1 Dictators and War

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Presentation on theme: "Ch. 14 Sec. 1 Dictators and War"— Presentation transcript:

1 Ch. 14 Sec. 1 Dictators and War

2 Objectives Explain how dictators an militaristic regimes arose in several countries in the 1930s Summarize the actions taken by aggressive regimes in Europe and Asia Analyze the responses of Britain, France, and the U.S. to the aggressive regimes

3 Peace Unravels 1918-WWI ends 1919-27 nations meet-Treaty of Versailles
Germany resented treaty Italy and Japan expected more land Totalitarianism-theory of govt in which a single party or leader controls the economic, social, and cultural lives of its people.

4 Soviet Union 1917-1st totalitarian state (Lenin)
Stalin took power in 1924 Cruel and ruthless Wanted to turn SU into industrial power and create state-run collective farms– Great Terror Purged Communist party of traitors

5 Italy Didn’t get land on Adriatic coast after WWI from division of Austria-Hungary Post-war depression Benito Mussolini Fascist Party Followers known as Black Shirts Outlawed political parties, took over press, secret police, suppressed strikes

6 Germany After WWI-democracy, the Weimar Republic
Severe economic trouble and anger over Treaty of Versailles Rise of Nazi party…National Socialist German Workers Party Adolf Hitler Opposed the “ism” parties that promoted workers rights or class interests over German ethnic solidarity

7 Hitler Cont… Book Mein Kampf (My Struggle)-national best seller!
Stated his explanations for problems in Germany Criticized many people, political programs/ideologies, and mostly Jews Anti-Semitic-prejudice against Jews 1938-Hitler appointed Chancellor of Germany


9 What Next? 1938The Western European democracies looked on helplessly as Nazi Germany swallowed up Austria and part of Czechoslovakia in 1938, and Hitler’s juggernaut seemed unstoppable.


11 Japan 1920s-Democracy…ended in 1930s with Depression
Military leaders argued expansion throughout Asia would solve economic troubles 1931-Manchuria 1937-took control of Chinese rails Did not become a totalitarian dictatorship, stayed constitutional monarchy


13 Dictators Turn to Aggression
League of Nations Weak b/c America didn’t join, no army, “long on words, short in action” Hitler Restored army and nullified Treaty of Versailles Wanted to expand, 1935 seized Saar, 1936 Rhineland Mussolini 1935 invaded Ethiopia


15 Appeasement Policy of France and Britain against aggressive nations
Granting concessions to a potential enemy in hope it will maintain peace Caused fascist leaders to become more aggressive Hitler- Austria-no choice, union called Anschluss Sudetenland (Czechoslovakia) Munich Conference-Munich Pact

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