Presentation on theme: "International Emergency Management & Disaster Risk Reduction Hyogo Framework For Action 2005-2015: What’s next? Agenda Summary of HFA 2005-2015 What parts."— Presentation transcript:
1 International Emergency Management & Disaster Risk Reduction Hyogo Framework For Action : What’s next?AgendaSummary of HFAWhat parts of “Resiliency” can we measure?What are the top five functional areas required for building your community sustainably?Blending mitigation and recoveryBlack Swan Disasters: Low Probability with High ImpactHyogo Framework for Action II: What is needed?
2 Hyogo Framework for Action II 2015-2025 UNISDR sponsoredSendai, Japan.March 15-21Worldwide gathering to determine the direction of the Hyogo Framework for Action version II; A call to action to address Disaster Risk Reduction and emergency Management at the local levels. A critical look at the issues (pros and cons) facing local communities and governments as climate change impacts vulnerable populations and global economies at escalating rates.
3 The United Nations General Assembly Resolution for 2013 on International Strategy for Disaster Reduction has these objectivesTo complete assessment and review of the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action;To consider the experience gained through the regional and national strategies/institutions and plans for disaster risk reduction and their recommendations as well as relevant regional agreements within the implementation of the Hyogo Framework of Action;To adopt a post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction;To identify modalities of cooperation based on commitments to implement a post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction;To determine modalities to periodically review the implementation of a post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction.
4 Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015 The ASEAN Agreement for Disaster Management and Response (AADMER) affirms ASEAN’s commitment to the Hyogo Framework of Action (HFA) and is the first legally-binding HFA-related instrument in the world. (2010)Recognizing regional cooperation requirement and mutual aid benefitsBuilding partnerships regionally and at the local levels
5 How did HFA define and measure Resiliency? (UNISDR) Five Specific “Gaps and Challenges” were identifiedGovernance: organizational, legal, and policy frameworksRisk identification, assessment, monitoring, and early warningKnowledge management and educationReducing underlying risk factorsPreparedness for effective response and recovery
6 Global Network of Civil Society Organizations (2007) Addressing and measuring the “Gaps” was to be a national priority in support of the 8 UN Millennium Development goals.National legislation and policy; Small $$$$A consortium of 450 Civil Society organizations conducted data collection activities in 2009, 2011, and Independent monitoring.Found no baseline measurement for HFAPersistent gaps and trends in strengthening community resiliency; Continuing gap between national Disaster Risk Reduction policies and local–level practices
7 Five Disaster Trends Fewer people are dying from disasters More people are affected: 64% of the world’s population in the last 20 yearsEconomic impact grows each year; By 2000 disasters cost over $60 billion a year; climbingVulnerable populations are disproportionately affected; 65% of deaths in developing countries; Disasters lead to civil conflictNumber of disasters increase; climate change, and environmental degradation, better reporting
8 Governance: Selecting and Implementing Priority areas Where do Communities start?Who decides how limited resources are allocated?What are the criteria the are decisions based on? Are the criteria transparent?On the Next slide select the top five items you think should be selected and implemented in the community you live in:
9 Phases of a Disaster Traditional Way A New Way Mitigation Preparedness ResponseRecoveryA New WayBuilding ResiliencyPreparednessResponseShort Term RecoveryBuilding Sustainable Communities
10 Building Resiliency“Resiliency” and “Sustainable Communities” are new ways of describing the blending of the old disaster phases; Mitigation and RecoveryFor every dollar spent on Mitigation $10 is saved on Recovery: Katrina broke the rule.Exercised and integrated disaster plans from national to local levels including all stakeholdersExercised Business Continuity Plans for Essential ServicesExercised Risk Communication messaging to enable stability and security
11 “The Impact of the Highly Improbable” Black Swans“Black Swan Disasters” capture what author Nassim Taleb describes in his New York Times Best Seller Black Swan.“The Impact of the Highly Improbable”Had we expected the Indian Ocean Tsunami we never would have had the disaster it causedWhat other “Black Swan Disasters” can you name in the last ten years? Disasters that had a low probability but a very high impact.
12 Hyogo Framework for Action II View from the Frontline Recognize the impact of everyday disasters of lives, livelihoods, and assetsPrioritize the most at-risk, poorest and marginalized peopleTackle the underlying causes of people’s vulnerability to disastersMobilize political commitment by focusing on rights, responsibilities, and accountabilitiesPromote partnerships and public participation
13 Presentation References Toward Resilience, A Guide to Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation, M. Turnbull, C. Sterrett, A. Hilleboe. Practical Action Publishing, ISBNViews From the Frontline: Beyond 2015 Global network of Civil Society Organizations for Disaster Reduction;Hyogo Framework for Action ;Black Swan, N. Taleb, Random House, 2007, ISBN
14 ContinuedInternational Disaster Management, Damon Coppola, Elsevier, 2011, ISBNCharacteristics of a Disaster-resilient Community, A Guidance Note, John Twigg, Aug 2007, DFID,
15 Exercise; Sample list of DM and DRR activities Develop disaster scenariosIdentify vulnerable populationsIdentify Emergency management mechanisms and structuresEstablish Insurance for community businesses & organizationsMonitor mitigation plansUpdate all stakeholders on plan preparednessEvaluate Disaster Risk Reduction plansPre-position disaster response assetsMark evacuation and routesTest warning sirens monthlyDevelop Memorandums of Agreement with partnersCoordinate a comprehensive recovery planProtect critical infrastructuresDevelop Risk communication planDevelop Public communication and awareness training strategyRun a Community-wide Disaster exercise once a yearExercise Business Continuity Plans for all society essential services and report the findings to the public once a year; Water, power, Food, transportation, health, Rule of law, Banking & finance, communication infrastructure,