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By Stephanie Ellegood Graves Central Elementary. Enslaved Africans: People from ____________ who were forced to give up their ______________ and spend.

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Presentation on theme: "By Stephanie Ellegood Graves Central Elementary. Enslaved Africans: People from ____________ who were forced to give up their ______________ and spend."— Presentation transcript:

1 By Stephanie Ellegood Graves Central Elementary

2 Enslaved Africans: People from ____________ who were forced to give up their ______________ and spend their lives obeying and working for their “______________” (masters) dilemmas: Situations in which a person is forced to make a __________, even though there is no _________ choice to make (ex: enslaved Africans had to choose between __________ on the voyage to America or working as a slave for _______) Middle Passage: The ____________ (“passage”) of slave traders and enslaved Africans across the _______________________ from _______ to the ________________.

3 o The West African region is along the __________ of Africa above the _____________. To the north of it is the _______________________. To the west and south is the ____________________. The land is mostly covered with __________________ or __________________.

4 West Africans were the alike in many ways: most people _____________, but some were miners, craftspeople, or traders Trading ___________: ______ & _________ sent to countries north of the Sahara desert Trading ___________: _______, __________, and other goods

5 society was based on _____________ families lived in the same _______________ owned _________ together and shared their __________ worshipped __________ of the ancestors and asked spirits to ___________ them they enjoyed _____________________ West Africans were different in many ways: some lived in small ______________ / some live in _________ many different ___________________ were spoken. In the 1500’s most West Africans lived in ___________________

6 In West Africa some people were not as ________ as others. Some were ________________ or ______________ who had been captured during ________, found guilty of ____________, or sold as slaves by other ________________. Many of these “slaves” in Africa were different that slaves in America. Many of them became part of the _____________ they worked for. They didn’t have as many ____________ as others in the village, but they could ______ land and ________, as well as earn ___________ and gain FREEDOM through ________ or ______________.

7 Europeans used African slaves to work on their sugar and tobacco ____________________ in the Americas. Europeans bought slaves by ________________ cloth, rum, guns, tobacco, etc… for them. The Africans that traded slaves for ________ became a ___________, so then their neighbors also traded for guns. This soon caused slave trade for guns all over West Africa

8 African’s reacted in different ways to the need for many slaves by the slave traders. A few West African _____________ to take part in the slave trade. Many of these people were _________________or sold as slaves. Some captured Africans outside of their ______________________ and sold them to slave traders. Some even kidnapped African _______________ while the parents were out __________________.

9 Some traded people who were already slaves such as _________________ of wars. These Africans didn’t want to trade slaves, but their neighbors who were trading slaves were becoming ____________ and more __________________. They feared these neighbors might try to _________________ them and sell them as slaves.

10 West Africans taken into slavery faced a long and terrible _______________. They were put in ___________ and marched _________________ of miles to the coast, and many ________ along the way. Others suffered ______________ and died when they reached the coast. Those who survived were marked with hot branding ________ and loaded onto slave ships. The voyage by ship to America was called the Middle Passage because it was the second of three stages of slave trade: Stage 1: _____________ and movement of slaves to the __________ of Africa Stage 2: _____________ to the colonies on the ____________________ (Middle Passage) Stage 3: _________________ of slaves from American ports to ___________________




14 The voyage from Africa to the colonies took about ________ weeks. (Middle Passage) During the Middle Passage slaves received little _______________. Men were chained together in _________ at their hands and feet. Many times there was no room to ______ up or __________. They were so close together they could barely move. The rough boards gave them __________ on their bodies. The __________ and heat were unbearable. There were lice, fleas, rats, blood, and mucus. _____________ followed the ships feeding on the dead thrown overboard. At least ________ million West Africans traveled the Middle Passage. Between 10-20% died on the voyages.

15 Enslaved Africans reacted differently on the slave ships. Some Africans tried to ______ themselves by refusing to eat or jumping overboard. Losing slaves meant losing ___________, so the ships’ captains tried to keep them alive. Slaves who refused to eat were _______________ and their jaws were ____________ open or their lips were burned with _______________. If slaves jumped overboard, the ship’s crew went after them in _________________, and they were whipped when they returned.

16 Some Africans tied to __________ against the crew. They attacked with knives or pieces of metal or wood they tore from the ship. One slave named _____________________ led a revolt on a slave ship. The slaves killed the _____________ and tool over the ship. Many Africans saved their energy to ________________, were too sick to ____________, or just chose not to resist.

17 When slaves arrived in the colonies, they were sold to plantation owners at “scrambles” or auctions. At _________________ the price was the _______ for each slave and buyers grabbed the slaves they wanted. At slave _______________ the slaves stood on an auction ___________ and slaves were sold one at a time to the highest _____________. Many African families were separated and never saw each other again

18 auction-in-the-deep-south-c-1850.jpg

19 During the first year on plantations (also called the “_______________” period) slaves received new ___________, were shouted at in _________________ they didn’t know, and given strange ________ to use. If they didn’t understand of resisted, they were whipped, burned, or killed. Slaves worked in fields ____ hours a day planting and picking _________. They sometimes walked an ________ to and from the fields. _________ or more people lived in small cabins with _______ floors and slept on bundles of __________ with rags for blankets.

20 Slaves reacted differently to their new lives on plantations. Some slaves tried to ________________. Most that ran away were caught and punished or even killed. Some slaves resisted by “playing ________” by pretending not to understand what they were asked to do. Some slaves pretended to be too ______ or _____ to work. Some broke _________ or set buildings on ________. Some even _____________ themselves because they believed when they died they would return home to West Africa

21 Some slaves worked ________ and did what they were told to do. They wanted their masters to make them house servants or skilled workers. Some slaves worked in the “__________________ ” with the master’s family. Sometimes slaves were paid for extra work on _________________ and ________________. They hoped to earn enough money to buy their _________________. Few slaves became free that way.

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