# Flash Card Review. How many Representatives are there in the House of Representatives?

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Flash Card Review

How many Representatives are there in the House of Representatives?

435

How many Senators are there in the Senate?

100

How many Representatives does Missouri have?

9

How many Senators does each state have?

2

What is the date of the first day of the Congressional session?

January 3 rd

How old must Representative be?

25

How old must Senator be?

30

How long do you have be a citizen before you can be a Senator?

9

How long do you have to be a citizen before you can be a Representative?

7

In the House of Representatives, the leader is called…

Speaker of the House

The Speaker of the House’s name is…

John Boehner

In the Senate, the leader is called…

President of the Senate

The President of the Senate name is…

Joe Biden

What is the name (Title) of President of the Senate’s other job

The Vice President of the United States

Who is left in charge of the Senate if the Vice President is not there?

The President Pro Tempore

What are the names of Missouri’s two Senators?

In the House of Representatives, the Representative from Affton, South City and South County name is…

Russ Carnahan (Till January 3 rd )

The building that Congress meets in, is the…

Capital Building

What is a Term?

How long a person serves in government

In the House of Representatives, Representatives are elected for this many years…

2 years

In the House of Representatives, they are elected every…

Even year

Which branch of Government is the Congress

Legislative

In the Senate, Representation is…

Equal

In the House of Representatives, Representation is…

Equal

In the Senate, Senators are elected for this many years…

6 years

In the Senate, they are elected every…

Even year In groups of 33, 33, 34

The Senate is considered a…

Continuous Body

Why is the Senate called an Continuous Body?

Because 2/3 of Senate always is experienced

In the Senate, the majority leader name is

Harry Reid

Who is the only person that is allowed by the Constitution to work two branches of government at the same time?

The Vice President Or President of the Senate

What is a Filibuster?

Talking for a long period of time to kill a Bill

A Filibuster can be used in only one of the houses of Congress. Which one is it?

The Senate

Which is the upper house of Congress?

Senate

Which is the lower house of Congress?

House of Representatives

In the House of Representatives, Representation is…

Based on Population

Which Article of the Constitution describes and forms the Legislative Branch?

Article 1

Which Article of the Constitution describes and forms the Executive Branch?

Article 2

Which Article of the Constitution describes and forms the Judicial Branch?

Article 3

How many principles are there in the Constitution?

7 Principles

How many Articles are there in the Constitution?

7 Articles

How many parts are there in the Constitution?

4 Parts

What is the Principle that the people rule?

Popular Sovereignty

What is the difference between a Democracy and a Republic?

In a Democracy, all citizens vote and decide every issue. In a Republic, citizens vote to send a representative to vote on and decide issues.

The Framers of the Constitution were fearful of a small group of people having too much power. They solved this by creating…

Separation of Powers

In Federalism, what are Concurrent Powers

Powers shared by the National Government & State Government. Example: The power to make coins & paper money

In Federalism, what are Reserved Powers

Powers given to the State Government. Example: The power to decide who to give driver’s licenses to

In Federalism, what are Delegated Powers

Powers given to the National Government. Example: The power to make coins & paper money

Give one example of a Check or power that the Executive Branch has over the Legislative Branch

The President can veto the Bills from Congress

Give one example of a Check or power that the Legislative Branch has over the Judicial Branch

Congress can impeach & remove Federal Judges

What is the Principle that says no one is above the law or does not have to follow the law?

Limited Government

Give one example of a Check or power that the Executive Branch has over the Judicial Branch

The President appoints federal judges

What is the one Check or power that the Judicial Branch has over the Executive Branch & the Legislative Branch

Declaring the acts of the President or Congress Unconstitutional

Give one example of a Check or power that the Legislative Branch has over the Executive Branch

Congress can impeach & remove the President

The President and vice president are in the_____ Branch

Executive

The President and Vice President _____ _________. They can not be from the same state. They used to let the person with the second highest amount of votes become the Vice President. That means that right now the President and Vice President would be _____ and _______

Run together. Obama & McCain

The 1st African American Man on the Supreme Court was _________ __________

Thurgood Marshall

The president must be____ years old

35

The President is the _________ in _______of the Military. This means he is in charge of the Army, Navy, Air Force & Marines

Commander in Chief

The 1st Woman on the Supreme Court was _________ __________

Sandra Day O’Conner

The President must be born a

Citizen (born in the United states)

There has been one President who was elected four times. That was _______________________

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Judges on the Supreme Court serve for ______.

Life

The president can be elected________

twice

There have been ___ Presidents assassinated.

4

A Judge on the Supreme Court must be __ years old.

Any age. There is no age requirement

The President will serve____ years each term (time)

4 years

There has been one President from the state of Missouri:

Harry S. Truman.

This deliberate drawing of district lines to favor the political party that is in power

Gerrymandering

The president may serve up to ____ years

10 years Two of the years must come from another president

_______________ was the first president to resign.

Richard M. Nixon

This is meant to help legislators keep in touch with the people they represent by allowing them to mail letters to their constituents

Franking privilege

The president is elected by the _______ ______

Electoral College

________________ was the first un- elected President

Gerald Ford

Freedom from arrest. Senators and Representatives cannot be placed under arrest while conducting legislative duties.

Congressional immunity

The way the states get their Electoral number of votes is: take the number of ______ a state has plus two, for the number of _______ each state gets.

Representatives a state has plus two, for the number of Senators each state gets.

The supreme court is The _______ Branch

The Judicial Branch

The house may vote to ________, or express disapproval of the member. In extreme cases, the house may vote to expel the member, or force the member from office.

Censure

There are ___ total Electoral votes. To win a person must get ___ Electoral votes.

538 total 270 to win

There are __ members on the Supreme Court.

9

___________ powers are those powers that are written or listed in the Constitution.

Expressed Powers

It is possible to get fewer votes from the voters and still win in Electoral votes. That has happened four times. The last time was ____.

2000

The Leader of the Supreme Court is called the ____ ______

Chief Justice

in addition to expressed powers, the Constitution allows Congress to exercise ___________ powers. Which mean they can do what is necessary to do what is expressed in the Constitution.

Implied Powers

To get rid of the President, Congress can _______ him. That means that they accuse him of something. Then he would be put on trial in the Senate. If 67 of the Senators vote that he is guilty then he would be kicked out.

Impeach

The Chief Justice’s name is ____ ______

John Roberts

What is the system called that allows one branch of government to correct or stop what another branch is doing?

Checks & Balances

Who are two Presidents that have been impeached?

Andrew Johnson Bill Clinton

The current Chief Justice was appointed by President ________ __ ____

George W Bush

What is the system that shares power between the state and federal governments called?

Federalism

Steps on How a Bill Becomes a Law

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