5Article 1: Legislative Branch Congress is bicameral - it has two houses or two groups that work to make laws
6Article 1: Legislative Branch Powers of Congress1. The power to tax2. The power to regulate trade(for states and with foreign countries)3. The power to borrow money(sell savings bonds or from banks)4. The power to coin (print) money
7Article 1: Legislative Branch Powers of Congress5. The power to create (and eliminate)lower courts6. The power to create and maintain anarmy and navy7. The power to declare war on anothercountry8. The power to regulate commerce(make business regulations)
8Article 1: Legislative Branch Powers of Congress9. The power to run the post office10. The power to give out copyrights andpatents11. The power to regulate weights andmeasures
9Article 1: Legislative Branch Limits on Congress1. Cannot pass a trade law that helps onestate more than another2. Cannot pass a law that takes away any ofthe people’s natural rights3. Cannot give any citizen special titles (likeking, prince, or princess)
10Article 1: Legislative Branch Proportional Representation - the number of representatives each state gets depends on its population.
11Article 1: Legislative Branch Michigan’s population = 9,883,640So each representative represents about 658,000 people.Congressional Districts - A congressional district is drawn so that each representative, represents about the same number of citizens.
12Article 1: Legislative Branch The House of Representatives
13Article 1: Legislative Branch The House of RepresentativesTotal number of members: 435Number of representatives per state:proportional representation- the number from each state depends on the population of the stateTerm in office (how long): 2 yearsName of the leader in this house:Speaker of the HouseCurrent Speaker of the House:John Boehner
14Article 1: Legislative Branch The House of RepresentativesSpecial Powers of the House of Representatives: the power to impeach government officials all appropriations bills (about taxes or spendingtax money) must start in the House of Representatives if the Electoral College fails to elect a president,the House of Representatives chooses the president.
15Article 1: Legislative Branch The House of RepresentativesRequirements:- at least 25 years old- must be a citizen for at least 7 years- must live in the district that you arerepresenting
17Article 1: Legislative Branch The SenateTotal number of members: 100Number of representatives per state: 2Term in office (how long): 6 years
18Who leads this house (when not busy)? The SenateWho leads this house (when not busy)?The Vice Presidentof the United StatesWho leads this house when the V.P. is busy?The President Pro TemporeCurrent President Pro Tempore:Patrick Leahy(Senator from Vermont)Vice PresidentJoseph (Joe) Biden
19Article 1: Legislative Branch The SenateSpecial Powers of the Senate: approves presidential appointments for jobs,cabinet members, judges, ambassadors approves or rejects any treaty made by thepresident serves as the jury for impeachment trials - voteswhether or not to convict of impeachment
20Article 1: Legislative Branch The SenateRequirements:- at least 30 years old- must be a citizen for a least 9 years- must live in the state you represent