Presentation on theme: "The Five Principles Underlying the United States Constitution"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Five Principles Underlying the United States Constitution
2 I. Popular Sovereignty The power lies with the people. A representative democracy lets the people elect leaders to make decisions for them.
3 II. Rule of Law Framers wanted to guard against tyranny. Government officials are limited to the power given to them in the Constitution.The Constitution tells how leaders who overstep their power can be removed.
4 III. Separation of Powers No one holds “too much” power.Legislative branch makes the laws.Executive branch carries out the laws.Judicial branch interprets the laws.
5 Legislative Branch Make laws House of Representatives Senate 435 membersServes a two year termMust be 25 years old and a citizen for 7 yearsCan propose tax lawsCan impeach a presidentSenate100 membersServes a six year termMust be 30 years old and a citizen for 9 yearsCan approve presidential appointmentsRatify treaties with foreign governmentsCan try the President after impeachment
6 Legislative Branch Can propose laws Can declare war Can override a president’s veto with 2/3 voteCan propose amendments to the Constitution with a 2/3 vote
7 Executive Branch The President of the United States Enforces laws Serves a 4 year termMust be 35 years olds, a 14 year resident, and native bornHas power to approve or veto lawsMakes treaties with foreign governmentsNominates judges to the Supreme CourtAppoints cabinet membersIs Commander-in-Chief of military
8 Judicial Branch Supreme Court and other Federal Courts. Interprets lawsJustices serve for lifeDeclares laws and acts “unconstitutional”Can settle disputes involving the U.S.Can settle disputes between states.Chief Justice resides over impeachment trial of the President.
9 IV. Checks and Balances Prevents the abuse of power in government Each branch can check each other branch
11 Executive Checks On the Legislative Executive Checks On the Judicial * Can propose lawsExecutiveChecksOn theLegislative* Can veto laws* Makes appointmentsExecutiveChecksOn theJudicialExecutive* Negotiates foreign treaties* Appoints federal judges* Can call specialsessions of Congress* Can grant pardonsto federal offendersLegislativeJudicial
12 Legislative Checks On the Judicial Legislative Checks On the Executive * Create lower federal courtsLegislativeChecksOn theExecutive* Can impeach and remove judges* Confirms executive appointments* Approves appointments of federal judges* Ratifies treaties* Can propose amendments tooverrule judicial decisions* Appropriates money* Can override President’s veto* Can impeach and remove PresidentJudicialLegislative
13 the Legislative Branch ExecutiveJudicial Checks onthe Executive Branch* Can declareExecutive actionsunconstitutional* Can declare acts ofCongress unconstitutionalLegislativeJudicial Checks onthe Legislative BranchJudicial
14 V. FederalismThe division of power between State and National Governments.Some powers are shared.The National Government has the “supreme power”.
15 So What? (What’s important to understand about this?) Key TopicFederalismis about…The Constitution establishes a division of power between the ________________and ________________governmentsMain ideaMain ideaMain ideaNat’l gov’t powersState gov’t powersShared powers_______ powers_______ powers_______ powersPowers _______ or _______Powers not given to the nat’l gov’t are _______ for state governmentsPowers shared by _______ gov’t and _______ gov’tsForeign policy- _______ , _______Public _______Enforce _______Regulate Commerce- _______Public safety- _______Establish _______Regulate currency- _______Public welfare- _______ , _______Collect _______Establish a _______ systemBorrow _______So What? (What’s important to understand about this?)The Constitution _______ or _______ powers to both the national government and the state governments.
16 So What? (What’s important to understand about this?) Key TopicFederalismis about…The Constitution establishes a division of power between the national and state governmentsMain ideaMain ideaMain ideaNat’l gov’t powersState gov’t powersShared powersSupreme powersReserved powersConcurrent powersPowers expressed or impliedPowers not given to the nat’l gov’t are reserved for state governmentsPowers shared by nat’l gov’t and state gov’tsForeign policy- wars, treatiesPublic healthEnforce lawsRegulate Commerce- tradePublic safety- policeEstablish courtsRegulate currency- moneyPublic welfare- education, electionsCollect taxesEstablish a postal systemBorrow moneySo What? (What’s important to understand about this?)The Constitution denies or limits powers to both the national government and the state governments.
17 5 Principles Underlying the Constitution _________________ _________________ – power lies w/ the people_________________– all people must follow the law_________________ _________________ – power is divided among the 3 branches_________________ and _________________ – each branch checks on the others to make sure one doesn’t become too powerful_________________– power is shared between the federal and state governments_________________(_________________ ) powers – powers left to the federal gov’t_________________ powers – powers left to the states_________________ powers – powers shared by both
18 5 Principles Underlying the Constitution Popular Sovereignty – power lies w/ the peopleRule of Law – all people must follow the lawSeparation of Powers – power is divided among the 3 branchesChecks and Balances – each branch checks on the others to make sure one doesn’t become too powerfulFederalism – power is shared between the federal and state governmentsExpressed(implied) powers – powers left to the federal gov’tReserved powers – powers left to the statesConcurrent powers – powers shared by both
19 Amendment Process (2 ways) _________________ __________________________________ vote by both houses2. _________________ _________________2/3 states _________________ request it_________________ of states ratify itOnly _________________ Amendment done this way
20 Amendment Process (2 ways) Congressional Action2/3 vote by both houses2. National Convention2/3 states legislatures request it¾ of states ratify itOnly 21st Amendment done this way