2 Whose assassination was the immediate cause of World War I? Archduke Francis FerdinandHeir to the throne of Austria HungaryWanted to bring Serbians into his empireSerbians were not interested…so one killed him
3 ImperialismTrying to obtain new colonies or territories for your country
4 How did competition for colonies help lead to war? A great scramble for colonies took place in the late 1800sEuropean powers scrambled to obtain uncolonized areasBy 1910, the best areas were already claimed, this led to increased tension between European powers
5 MilitarismThis policy involved aggressively building up a nation’s armed forces in preparation for war and giving the military more authority over the government and foreign policyAll European powers were spending money on and building up large armies and navies
6 How did nationalism contribute to the start of World War I? One form of nationalism led nations to act in their best interest and ignoring the needs of other nationsAnother form is when a group of people want a nation of their own
7 What role did alliances play in the initiation of World War I? Alliances could turn what should be only a small conflict into a large one because countries pledge their assistance to other nations
9 Central PowersGermanyAustria-HungaryOttoman Empire
10 Allies Great Britain France Russia Eventually Russia would drop out and the U.S. would join
11 Look at the map on page Based on this map, which side, if any, had a geographical advantage in the war?Allies- Because they have the central powers surroundedCentral Powers- They have the Allies divided, possibly making it difficult for the Allies to communicate
13 What affect did modern warfare have on how World War I was fought? New killing machines were amazingly effectiveMachine gunsGrenadesPoison gasPlanesTanksGenerals often times had difficulty countering new technologiesThey simply attempted to won by throwing more troops into battle
20 StalemateA situation in which neither side is able to gain the advantage
21 What were two causes of the stalemate in the West? Similar size and strength of the opposing militariesThe choice of both sides to dig and and defend their linesGermany had to divide their troops in order to fight the RussiansInability to break through machine gun fortifications
22 Propaganda Information intended to sway public opinion The U.S. was mostly exposed to anti-German propagandaThe British were not allowing German news to reach the U.S.
23 What was the main reason that the United States stayed neutral at the start of World War I? President Wilson wanted to protect American commercial investments overseasAlso…Americans were not interested in a European war and Wilson wanted to win reelection 1916, therefore…
24 How did the peace movement differ from the preparedness movement? The preparedness movement wanted America to be ready to go to war if necessary.The peace movement wanted to avoid war
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