Presentation on theme: "World War I 9th Grade Social Studies Spring 2012 Unit 3"— Presentation transcript:
1 World War I 9th Grade Social Studies Spring 2012 Unit 3
2 The Big PictureA variety of powerful forces – including growing nationalism, a tangle of alliances, and decades of rivalry and competition – created conditions that transformed a single assassination into a world wide war.New inventions changed the science and technology of modern warfare, which became more deadly and destructive than ever before.Entire countries were mobilized for war, and the global conflicts left millions of soldiers and civilians dead and societies in ruins.After four years of fighting, an uneasy peace was reached.
3 Much of the technology of modern warfare was introduced in WW I. Why we study this unit?Much of the technology of modern warfare was introduced in WW I.World War I helped to ignite the Russian Revolution of 1917.The victors dictated a harsh peace settlement that set the stage for WW II.
4 What were the forces that pushed Europe to the brink of war in 1914? Essential QuestionsWhat were the forces that pushed Europe to the brink of war in 1914?How did ethnic tensions in the Balkans spark a political assassination?How was the WW I battlefield different than those of earlier wars?
5 How did WW I become a total war? How did the Allies win WW I? Essential QuestionsHow did WW I become a total war?How did the Allies win WW I?What issues made the peace process difficult?
6 Last Unit: Imperialism Current Unit: WW I Unit OverviewLast Unit: ImperialismCurrent Unit: WW INext Unit: Russian Revolution
7 Even Day: Learning Activities 4/2: The Great War Begins Qs4/10: Map Annotation4/12: Causes of WW I Scenario4/12: Stage is Set G.R.4/12: Spark of WW I ppt. and flowchart4/12: New Kind of Conflict outline
8 Even Day 4/16: WW I Political Cartoon 4/16: Historians View 4/16: Balance of Power4/18: Strategies of WW I4/18: New Kind of War G.R.4/18: Technology of Modern War4/20: Major Battles Chart4/24: Breaking the Stalemate4/24: Winning the War4/24: Gallipoli Notes4:26: Total war4/26: End of War Qs4/26: Americans enter ppt.
10 Odd Day: Learning Activities 4/3: The Great War Begins Qs4/11: Map Annotation4/13: Causes of WW I Scenario4/13: Stage is Set G.R.4/13: Spark of WW I ppt. and flowchart4/13: New Kind of Conflict outline
11 Odd Day 4/17: WW I Political Cartoon 4/17: Historians View 4/17: Balance of Power4/19: Strategies of WW I4/23: Guided Reading4/23: Modern Warfare prezi4/25: Major Battles Chart4/25: Stalemate Activity4/25: Winning the War Qs
12 4/27: Total war Restrictions 4/27: Americans enter ppt.4/27: End of War Qs
13 Applied learning activities 4/10: Great War part 14/12: Map Annotation4/12: Great War part 24/16: Stage is Set G. R.4/16: The Spark ppt.4/16: The Spark flowchart
14 applied 4/18: WW I Political Cartoon 4/18: Historians View 4/18: Balance of Power4/20: Section 1 Quiz review4/20: War on Many Fronts4/20: Strategies of WW I4/20: New Kind of Conflict part 14/24: Modern War Prezi4/24: Major Battles Chart4/24: New Conflict part 2
15 Applied 4/24: Modern War Prezi 4/24: Major Battles Chart 4/24: New Conflict part 24/26: Stalemate Activity4/26: Gallipoli Notes4/26: Winning the War Qs
16 The Great War Begins Terms Triple AllianceTriple EntenteGavrilo PrincipNeutralCentral PowersAllied PowersWestern frontMilitarismAlliancesImperialismNationalism
17 Trench warfare No man’s land War of Attrition Propaganda A NEW KIND OF WAR termsTrench warfareNo man’s landWar of AttritionPropagandaBattle of VerdunBattle of the SommeGallipoli CampaignGenocideStalemate
18 The War ends terms Total war Zimmerman note Armistice 14 points Treaty of VersaillesMandatesBelfour DeclarationPresident Wilson (U.S.)Clemenceau (Fr.)David Lloyd George (Br.)
19 1. What were the forces that pushed Europe to the brink of war in 1914? The forces of nationalism, imperialism, and militarism increased tensions and rivalries between the European countries.As a result, alliances were formed as a defensive measure to maintain peace.Britain, France, and Russia formed the AlliesGermany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire formed the Central Powers.
20 2. How did ethnic tensions in the Balkans spark a political assassination? The Slavic people in the Balkans wanted their own independent state.Franz Ferdinand planned to extend political rights to the Slavic people in Austria-Hungary, which would undermine their movement for independence.To prevent this from happening, the Black Hand assassinated the archduke.As a result, the alliances between the Great Powers were activated and declarations of war were made.
21 3. How was the WW I battlefield different than those of earlier wars? Industrialization led to development of new weapons that caused greater destruction.Machine guns, heavy artillery, and poisonous gas led to many more casualities.As a result, trench warfare and war of attrition were used as defensive strategies.A stalemate occurred as neither side was able to gain an advantage.
22 4. How did WW I become a total war? Total war is the devotion of a nation’s entire resources to the war effort.Governments raise taxes and borrow money to cover the cost of war.Censorship and propaganda are used to control public opinion.Finally, a draft is used to build up the military and women helped on the home front.