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Are these people Emo?Are these people Emo?. Or are these people Emo?Or are these people Emo?

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Presentation on theme: "Are these people Emo?Are these people Emo?. Or are these people Emo?Or are these people Emo?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Are these people Emo?Are these people Emo?

2 Or are these people Emo?Or are these people Emo?

3 Universal Theories of Culture Geert HofstedeEdward Hall

4 4 Dimensions of Culture Power Distance Individualism Uncertainty Avoidance Masculinity

5 Repeating Correlations Repeating Correlations  Power distance is correlated with the use of violence in domestic politics and with income inequality in a country.  Uncertainty avoidance is associated with Roman Catholicism.  Individualism is correlated with mobility between social classes from one generation to the next.  Masculinity is correlated negatively with the percent of women in democratically elected governments. 

6 High Context and Low Context Cultures  High context culture:  A culture that places more emphasis on the context of an event. What is the event? Who are the members? One understands how things work implicitly. Interpersonal relationships are valued more than the task. The process is more important than the product. Low context culture:  A culture that places more emphasis on the explicit message from an event. What was said? Intuition is not a common way to navigate through a low-context culture. The society values directness, action and the task. The product is more important than the process.

7 High and Low Context Culture  Do you believe Hall is correct in his assumptions?  If so, what examples can you give that demonstrate high and low-context cultures?

8 Journal AssignmentJournal Assignment  What is your perfect combination of Hofstede’s dimensions? How do you exemplify these as a teacher or member of society?  OR  Do you think Hofstede’s dimensions are manipulable? Is engineering a society possible by working with these dimensions?  OR  What type of society would you prefer to live in? One with a high-context or a low-context culture? Why?

9 2 nd Observation and Reading  Analyze an interaction between two other people, or recall an interaction you had here, and decide if there is any cultural theory at work. Is this interaction common for a high-context or low-context culture? Does this interaction fall into any dimension of Hofstede’s cultural variables? Read the article: “Beyond Sophisticated Stereotyping: Cultural Sensemaking in Context” Come prepared to comment on this in class Monday.


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