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Gramática 1.2 Affirmative Informal Commands Negative Informal Commands el 15/16 de octubre.

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Presentation on theme: "Gramática 1.2 Affirmative Informal Commands Negative Informal Commands el 15/16 de octubre."— Presentation transcript:

1 Gramática 1.2 Affirmative Informal Commands Negative Informal Commands el 15/16 de octubre

2 Notes You will copy the following notes on page 57 of your INB. The title for this section will be: Affirmative Informal (Tú) Commands If you run out of room, get a loose leaf-paper and continue your notes there.

3 Commands A command tells a person or group of people what to do or what not to do. An affirmative command tells someone what to do. An informal (or tú) command is used when you – are talking to one person AND – you would normally address him/her with tú 57

4 Forming commands To form an affirmative tú command: 1.Conjugate the verb in the tú form and 2.Drop the s 57

5 bailar - to dance Bailas. - You dance. ¡Baila! - Dance! comer - to eat Tú comes. - You eat. ¡Come! - Eat! 57

6 What would happen with stem-changers? escribir - to write Escribes. - You write ¡Escribe! - Write! pensar - to think Piensas. - You think. ¡Piensa! - Think! 57

7 Affirmative Commands Practice A.Turn the following infinitives into an affirmative tú command and translate. Write the Spanish command, then the English meaning of the command. 1.estudiar ______________________ 2.leer______________________ 3.bailar______________________ 4.hablar______________________ 5.ayudar______________________ 6.comprar______________________ 7.cocinar______________________ 8.pagar______________________ 9.comer______________________ 10.beber______________________ 11.correr______________________ 12.vivir______________________ 13.asistir______________________ 56 B. Turn the following infinitives into an affirmative tú command and translate. Write the Spanish command, then the English meaning of the command. 1.pensar________________ 2.cerrar________________ 3.volver________________ 4.contar________________ 5.dormir________________ 6.pedir________________ 7.servir________________ ¡Come! – Eat! ¡Lee! – Read! ¡Baila! – Dance! ¡Habla! – Talk! ¡Ayuda! – Help! ¡Compra! – Buy! ¡Cocina! – Cook! ¡Paga! – Pay! ¡Estudia! – Study! ¡Bebe! – Drink! ¡Corre! – Run! ¡Vive! – Live! ¡Asiste! – Attend! ¡Piensa! – Think! ¡Cierra! – Close! ¡Vuelve! – Return! ¡Cuenta! – Count! ¡Duerme! – Sleep! ¡Pide! – Ask! ¡Sirve! – Serve!

8 Irregular affirmative tú commands 57 Venir ven (come) Decir di (say/tell) Salir sal (leave) Hacer haz (make) Tener ten (have) Ir ve (go) Poner pon (put) Ser sé (be)

9 An easy way to remember is… Vin Diesel has ten weapons. 57 Yo, I got ten weapons. Venir ven (come) Decir di (say/tell) Salir sal (leave) Hacer haz (make) Tener ten (have) Ir ve (go) Poner pon (put) Ser sé (be)

10 Irregular Affirmative Commands Practice C. Write the following sentences in Spanish using commands: 1.Put the salad on the table! ___________________________ 2.Be careful! ___________________________ 3.Make a sandwich! ___________________________ 4.Leave now! ___________________________ 5.Be nice! ___________________________ 56 ¡Pon la ensalada en la mesa! ¡Ten cuidado! ¡Haz un sándwich! ¡Sal ahora! ¡Sé simpático!

11 Notes You will copy the following notes on page 59 of your INB. The title for this section will be: Negative Informal (Tú) Commands If you run out of room, get a loose leaf-paper and continue your notes there.

12 How would you define a negative command? A negative command tells someone what NOT to do. A negative informal command is used when you are telling someone you would address with tú what not to do. 59

13 To form a negative tú command… Put no before the verb. Start with the yo form of the verb. 1.Drop the o 2.For –ar verbs: add -es For –er and –ir verbs: add -as These are the opposite endings! 59

14 To form a negative tú command… Negative Command Rap – Put it in the yo form, Drop the -o, Add the opposite ending, And your ready to go.

15 For example… bailar bailo bail- no bailes (Dont dance!) comer como no comas (Dont eat!) abrir abro no abras (Dont open!) 59

16 Negative Commands Practice D. Write the NEGATIVE command for each, then write what the command means in English. 1.Hablar____________________ 2.Correr ____________________ 3.Interrumpir __________________________ 4.Patinar ____________________ 5.Escribir ____________________ 58 ¡No hables! – Dont talk! ¡No corras! – Dont run! ¡No interrumpas! – Dont interrupt! ¡No patines! – Dont skate! ¡No escribas! – Dont write!

17 We need to be careful with what type of verb! Irregular yo forms! No poner la mesa pongo pong- ¡No pongas la mesa! (Dont set the table!) 59

18 Irregular commands There are irregular commands for both affirmative and negative commands. The verbs that are irregular for affirmative and negative are not all the same. 59

19 Irregular Negative Tú Command These irregulars are different Ser no seas(Dont be!) Ir no vayas(Dont go!) Dar no des(Dont give!) Estar no estés(Dont be!) Saber no sepas (Dont know!*) Think SIDES 59

20 E. Write the negative command for each verb! 1.no estudiar ______________________ 2.no leer______________________ 3.no tener______________________ 4.no salir______________________ 5.no ayudar______________________ 6.no comprar______________________ 7.no dormir______________________ 8.no decir______________________ 9.no pensar______________________ 10.no beber______________________ 11.no correr______________________ 12.no hacer______________________ 13.no asistir______________________ Negative Commands Practice 58 ¡No estudies! ¡No leas! ¡No tengas! ¡No salgas! ¡No tengas! ¡No compres! ¡No duermas! ¡No digas! ¡No pienses! ¡No bebas! ¡No corras! ¡No hagas! ¡No asistas!

21 Spelling changes Verbs that end in -car, -gar or -zar have a spelling change in the negative tú command. Can you figure out why? 59

22 Pronounce the following words to yourself calor cena queque calor (k) vs. cena (s) vs. queque (k) so c qu This change happens in the NEGATIVE tú command for verbs that end in –car Sacar no saques la basura (Dont take out the trash!) Why only in the negative tú command? 59

23 Pronounce the following words to yourself gato gente Aguilar gato (g) vs. gente (h) vs. Aguilar (g) so g gu No pagar no pagues (Dont pay!) Again this happens in the negative (not affirmative) tú command. 59

24 For verbs that end in –zar z c No empezar no empieces (Dont start!) 59

25 Nota Cultural El centro de la Ciudad de México está sobre las ruinas de la ciudad de Tenochtitlan.

26 Nota Cultural El Templo Mayor se descubrió en 1978, y es hoy en día un museo dedicado a la civilización azteca. ¿Hay restos de otras civilizaciones dónde vives?


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