Presentation on theme: "Do Now Brainstorm what type of government you would want to put in place in 1776 Imagine you’re from that time Strong or weak government? Democracy?"— Presentation transcript:
Do Now Brainstorm what type of government you would want to put in place in 1776 Imagine you’re from that time Strong or weak government? Democracy? Monarchy? Oligarchy? Who gets to vote? What powers should the states have?
Main Ideas Fear of monarchy and tyranny Limit central government Emphasis on state sovereignty Unicameral Legislature (One House Congress) Each state gets 1 vote Written in 1777, ratified in 1781 Was used even before ratification Government was needed to fight Revolutionary War
Needed 9 out of 13 states to pass a bill (Supermajority) Unanimous vote to change the Articles “firm league of friendship” among states
Strengths Treaty of Paris 1863 signed Had the power to declare war and peace Print money (not standard throughout colonies) Make treaties Settle state disputes (no way to enforce them)
How should the US add more states? Once again, think about how new states should be added to the United States. Should they be added? What are the requirements? Slave or free? Make existing states bigger?
Western Lands Land Ordinance of 1785 Land in west set up into 6 mile blocks
Northwest Ordinance How could a territory become a state? 5,000 males Own 50 acres Can start a government Population of 60,000 could become a state Promised No slavery Education Freedom of religion Trial by jury
What was the Northwest?
Weaknesses Congress couldn’t collect taxes Depended on states Couldn’t pay war debts Couldn’t pay Continental soldiers Congress couldn’t regulate foreign or state trade Could print money but so could the states No common currency: trade down in federal, state and foreign money Merchants were able to decided which currency they’d accept
Laws needed a supermajority (9 out of 13 states) to pass Hard to get No court system Could establish military – but was not allowed to raise money States acted as countries Looked out for their own best interests Congress could not enforce laws One vote per state gave smaller states more power
Shays’ Rebellion Western Massachusetts Economic depression Daniel Shays – Revolutionary War veteran Farmers must pay debt in gold Not paid during war Farmers are poor Don’t own land, rent land No say in Massachusetts legislature
Acts of Rebellion Farmers free debtors from prison Close courts that are hearing cases against farmers Mass militia called to stop
Legacy of Shays’ Maybe the United States needs a stronger central government? If you were a politician at the time, what would your reaction to Shays’ Rebellion be? Think, write, Discuss as a class
Reactions to Shay’s Sam Adams “ Rebellion against a king may be pardoned, or lightly punished, but the man who dares to rebel against the laws of a republic ought to suffer death ” Riot Laws – prohibits more than 12 people from gathering Gives government power to shoot rioters Same guy from Boston Massacre?
Thomas Jefferson "A little rebellion now and then is a good thing. It is a medicine necessary for the sound health of government. God forbid that we should ever be twenty years without such a rebellion."
George Washington “if three years ago any person had told me that at this day, I should see such a formidable rebellion against the laws & constitutions of our own making as now appears I should have thought him a bedlamite - a fit subject for a mad house.” He wrote that if the government “shrinks, or is unable to enforce its laws... anarchy & confusion must prevail.”
Issues that had to be addressed after Revolutionary War Shay’s Rebellion Trade with foreign countries Foreign relations Countries that had been established and had allies for hundreds of years, America was brand new Relationship between states Competition No central government to enforce anything