Presentation on theme: "Articles of Confederation"— Presentation transcript:
1 Articles of Confederation America’s First Attempt to Create a Government.
2 The Articles of Confederation The Confederation created was not a nation, but only a league of sovereign States…
3 Articles of Confederation What is going on?At the 2nd Continental Congress, after we wrote the Declaration of Independence we…Decided colonies need some sort of written plan for government (aka constitution)So, in1777 the Articles of Confederation was created1781, all 13 states ratified(approved) it!But things can’t be this easy…
4 After Independence -13 individual colonies We are not the US yet Just separate independent states.-13 different governmentsHard to control-very loose association of the 13 states in a confederate style government that was totally unwrittenConsidered a: “firm league of friendship among independent states.”
5 State Government -every state wrote its own constitution -every state had different laws to follow…-all had three branchesEach state had (3) branches:legislative, executive, judicial-guaranteed certain rightsWanted to make sure citizens were given more rights than under their previous government
6 Need for Cooperation -Revolutionary War- this war was still going on… -Strength of the British militaryEngland banned us in the British West Indies where a lot of Americans traded ---Couldn’t trade with them anymoreWas a large source of American economy. $$ -weakness of the colonial militias
9 National Government -would need a method of cooperation -limited control would be given to a central government**Colonists were scared to give power to a central (national) gov’tSo more power was given to STATES (reserved power)-would not be able to control the 13 states** NO national Executive or Judicial Branches.-Articles of Confederation signed in **took 4 years to get approval
10 National Gov’t looked like this: ConfederationNational Gov’t looked like this:-1 house legislature (unicameral)-1 vote per state (to make it fair)-9 of 13 required to pass laws (rigid law)-controls the military-power to make treaties (begin problems of who gets to decide things…)***L branch can: declare war, make treaties w/other countries-Land Ordinance 1785-lands past the Appalachians were declared new territories (ready to settle)-NW Ordinance 1787-banned slavery in NW areas and set up process of adding additional states
12 Weaknesses Each state coined its own money SC money was different than VA moneyMade trading b/w states difficult…National Governments could NOT:-could not enforce laws-could not tax- NO executive branch- NO national court system- Each state / separate money-could not regulate trade
14 Shay’s Rebellion: 10 Days that Unexpectedly Changed America Future Problems-taxation problemsNational govt has no power to tax so each state decides on tax issues.-Shay’s Rebellion-Event that occurred when Massachusetts farmers revolted over high state taxes and caused people to realize the weakness of the government**shay rhymes w/hay**-trade barriers-inability to pass laws (9/13 have to agree)-lack of strong executiveThis event made many colonists realize that a stronger national government would need to be created for them to stay independent…Shay’s Rebellion: 10 Days that Unexpectedly Changed America
15 Articles of Confederation Video ClipsArticles of ConfederationShay’s RebellionArticles of Confederation for Dummies! Explained by Keith HughesShay’s Rebellion Explained by Keith Hugh
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