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Colonies’ first attempts to establish a national government Written in 1776-1777 during the American Revolution by the Second Continental Congress Enforced.

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Presentation on theme: "Colonies’ first attempts to establish a national government Written in 1776-1777 during the American Revolution by the Second Continental Congress Enforced."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Colonies’ first attempts to establish a national government Written in during the American Revolution by the Second Continental Congress Enforced from March 1, 1781 to June 21, 1788 Replaced by the current U.S. Constitution

3 Original proposal written by John Dickinson Asked for a strong central government, but really was weak Altered greatly by the states before ratification Three years passed before all states approved (fighting over western land claims)

4 Confederation of States Each state had one vote in congress Regardless of population or number of representatives Individual State Court System Voted on nearly all of congress’s decisions

5 National government Unicameral (1) house of Congress Had control over armed forces and western territories Could request financial donations from states; COULD NOT LEVY TAXES

6 Passing laws required 9 of 13 states’ consent Amending the Articles required approval from congress and unanimous approval from the states

7 Central Government had no power over states Couldn’t enforce taxation Couldn’t coin money Couldn’t regulate trade within US or with foreign nations Difficult to make laws or amendments No national leadership

8 Established a central government and a method for law making. Northwest Ordinances Established system for addition of new states Ultimately, the territory was organized into the present states of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan and Wisconsin

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10 The government could not require the British Government to live up to The Treaty of Paris It was not effective in persuading the Spanish to allow Americans access to New Orleans to the sea. It could not levy taxes to support an army( states had these rights) Policies concerning Native American were not effective because more and more settlers began to push west. Most of the power rested with the states.( economics)

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