2The war is over, now what?America was now and independent nation having won the Revolutionary War, but now what? What would the country and the government look like?
3The Articles of Confederation The Articles of Confederation was the name of the first government of the United States.It had been started back in 1776 in the Continental Congress, and finally approved by all the states in 1781.
4The Articles of Confederation was weak, on purpose Americans were afraid of a strong national government. After all, they had fought a war over it. So, the government they decided on was weak.The national government under the Articles did not have the power to tax or enforce laws.The national government did have the power to wage war, but since they couldn’t tax, there was no way to pay for it.The government could also issue money, but the states didn’t have to use it. The states had their own money.
5Weaknesses of the Articles Since the national government could not tax, and the national money was worthless, debt became a huge problem.Debt = owing moneyThe biggest problem was that the soldiers who had fought the war, had not been paid, and they were mad.Most of the soldiers were farmers, and they were unable to pay their debts.
6What was the most Important Accomplishment of the Articles of Confederation?
8THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE Problem: Many states made claims to the western lands (Northwest Territory).Boundaries of the Northwest Territory: Great Lakes (north), Pennsylvania (east), Ohio River (south), Mississippi River (west)Having a plethora people moving into the northwest territory caused many problems for the federal land leaders.Problems with Native Americans arose, and the federal leaders could not afford to wage war to protect the settlers so they opted to regulate frontier settlement.
9THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE Solution to the Problem: All states agreed to cede (give) their claims to Congress, so Congress can sell the land for the good of the country (confederation).NATIONAL DOMAIN – Public land
10THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE Township – the largest division of land. It is thirty-six square miles.Township6 MILES6 miles is about Carterville to Herrin (5.8 miles)
12THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE Section – 36 sections in a township. It is one square mile or 640 acres.Section
13THE NORTHWEST ORDINANCE Education – the sale from one section of each township goes to start a school for that township.How much went for education?Answer: $640
14The Articles of Confederation America’s 1st ConstitutionStrengthsWeaknessesCongress was given the power to:Declare War &Establish an Army/NavyNo Power to Draft Soldiers
15The Articles of Confederation America’s 1st ConstitutionStrengthsWeaknessesCongress was given the power to:Make Peace & Sign TreatiesNo Power to Enforce Treaties
16The Articles of Confederation America’s 1st ConstitutionStrengthsWeaknessesCongress was given the power to:No Power to Collect Taxes from the StatesBorrow Money
17The Articles of Confederation America’s 1st ConstitutionStrengthsWeaknessesCongress was given the power to:Couldn’t pay for itOrganize aPost Office
18The Articles of Confederation America’s 1st ConstitutionStrengthsWeaknessesCongress was given the power to:No Chief ExecutiveNo national court systemNo Power to Regulate Interstate CommerceNo National CurrencyDifficult to Pass laws (2/3 vote)
19The Articles of Confederation America’s 1st ConstitutionStrengthsWeaknessesCongress was given the power to:Difficult to Amend(unanimous vote needed to change the articles)
20The Articles of Confederation No Chief ExecutiveNo National Court SystemNo Power to Draft SoldiersNo Power to Control Interstate CommerceNo Power to Enforce TreatiesNo Power to Collect Taxes from the StatesDifficult to Pass Laws (2/3 vote)No National CurrencyDifficult to Amend(Unanimous Vote Needed to Change Articles)Congress given the power to:Declare WarMake PeaceSign TreatiesBorrow MoneyEstablish an Army & NavyOrganize a Post Office
21What is happening in the following picture? You are going to be looking at a picture in a few seconds? See if you can figure out what is going on in the picture. Look at the picture closely.Describe the people, objects, where the event is happening, and what is happening. (Who, what, where, and objects)
23Shays’ RebellionFarmers were taken into court, then to jail, and their land was taken away from them because they were in debt.In 1786, an armed revolt by farmers against the state government took place.The revolt was led by Daniel Shays.
24The farmers began to forcibly prevent the courts from meeting so they couldn’t take anyone else’s land away or put them in jail.Early in 1787, the Governor sent 4,400 men against the rebels and the rebels were defeated.Shays and the other rebels were pardoned. (An official act of forgiveness)
25Results of Shays’ Rebellion Shays’ Rebellion showed the leaders of America that the Articles of Confederation were too weak, and a stronger national government was needed.
26ConclusionWhy did the Founding Fathers Choose a Confederation plan of government?They feared that a strong central government would create tyranny, and stamp out the peoples natural God given rights.
27Shay’s rebellion proved the need to strengthen the government. ConclusionWhy Did the Founding Fathers believe the Articles needed to be replaced by the US Constitution?The nation needed to function as ONE united country & not 13 small unorganized nations.Shay’s rebellion proved the need to strengthen the government.