2ho / whom / which / that / whose que,quem (pessoas)whomque, quem (pessoas)(uso formal ou objeto de uma preposição)whichque, o qual (animais e objetos)thatque (pessoas, animais e objetos)whosecujo, cuja(Quando algo pertence a uma pessoa,país ou organização)
3She is the woman who made me cry like a child. eopleDefining relative clausesSubject of a verbObject of a verbObject of a prepositionSubject of a verbShe is the woman who made me cry like a child.She is the woman that made me cry a lot.Object of a verbChelsea is the girl who Bill helps so much.Chelsea is the girl that Bill helps so much.Chelsea is the girl whom Bill is dating. (formal)Chelsea is the girl x Bill is dating. (omissão)(colloquial, informal)(Hot)Object of a prepositionChelsea is the girl whom Bill cared about. (usual)or She is the girl about whom Bill cared. (formal)
4That’s the boat which was sold yesterday. hingsDefining relative clausesSubject of a verbObject of a verbObject of a prepositionSubject of a verbThat’s the boat which was sold yesterday.That’s the boat that was sold yesterday.Object of a verbThat’s the boat which Dexter has used for...you know…That’s the boat that Dexter has used for...”that” thing…That’s the boat x Dexter uses all the time.Object of a prepositionThat is the cabin which George has lived in . (usual)or That is the cabin in which George has lived. (formal)
5Martha has a dog which barks…all the time! nimalsDefining relative clausesSubject of a verbObject of a verbObject of a prepositionSubject of a verbMartha has a dog which barks…all the time!Martha has a dog that …Dude! It’s terrible!Object of a verbThat’s the dog which she…Well!...She made me buy that dog!That’s the dog that she told me it’s so cute!That’s the dog x she loves so much! I think she is… insane!Object of a prepositionThat’s the dog which Becky has played with . (usual)or That’s the dog with which Becky has played . (formal)
6When (something, someone) belongs to person hoseDefining relative clausesWhen something belongs to a personWhen something belongs to a countryWhen something belongs to a organizationWhen (something, someone) belongs to personFrank is the teacher whose book is a bestseller .The woman whose daughter lives in Boston is my friend .When (something, someone) belongs to countryThe election will be in the country whose president resigned.He lives in a country whose rules are broken all the time.When (something, someone) belongs to organisationThe company whose owner is in jail, was sold.That is the board whose members are being investigated.
7Aparece sempre entre vírgulas. bservaçãoNon - defining relative clausesQuando a oração subordinada não for essencial para o significado da frase ou seja, uma informação extra é dada sobre uma pessoa, objeto ou animal já conhecido...Aparece sempre entre vírgulas.O pronome não pode ser omitido.Nunca é introduzida por “that”.
8Kennedy, who was killed in Dallas, was a great president. ntre vírgulas...Non - defining relative clausesPessoasKennedy, who was killed in Dallas, was a great president.John, who Jamie has helped, is very talented.ObjetosMy car, which is imported, makes me happy.That farm, which you are interested in, will be sold.AnimaisFlies, which carry dreadful diseases, come in the Summer.The lion, which is a dangerous animal, lives in Africa.
9Complete the following sentences with who, whom ,which, that or whose. xercíciosComplete the following sentences with who, whom ,which, that or whose.1.The man ____________is beside Mary is her father.2.The book _______________I read last night was about science fiction.3.The animal_______owner traveled yesterday, died.4.This is the suspect__________the police is looking for.5.I saw the woman_________you talked to at the party.6.He is the salesman___________sold me those flats.7.Is that the window________________those boys broke?8.My father sold the car________engine was out of order.9.That old man_______son is our student, is waiting for you.who/ thatwhich/ that/ Xwhosewhomwhomwho/ that/ that/ Xwhichwhosewhose
1010. It was George__________called you. 11 10.It was George__________called you. 11.We must thank the man__________did his best to help us. 12.President Palmer, ______ abandoned the office, is a very good person. 13.That report, ______ you sent to London, is about environment. 14.I know the man about ______ you are talking. 15.That noisy dog, ______barked all night long, will be sold. 16.Are you the witness ___________saw the accident? 17.Sally Roberts, _____was praised by the headmaster, is my sister-in-law. 18.The women from _______ I received the reports want to talk to you.who/ thatwho/ thatwhowhichwhomwhichwho/ thatwhowhom
11este 1(ITA) - Assinale a alternativa cujo pronome pode corretamente preencher as lacunas (1) e (2) :The man____(1)______spoke to you is Brazilian.The book______(2)_____is on the table is very old.a)whatb)whicheverc)whomd)whoe)that
12este 2(MACK) - Choose the correct alternative to complete the sentence:The headmaster spoke to the boys____work was below standard.a)thatb)whoc)whichd)whosee)whom
13este 3(Fuvest) - I met the girl _________traveled with you to London.a)whichb)whoc)whosed)whate)whom
14este 4(FEI) - Escolha a alternativa correta para completar a frase, de acordo com o texto:"It was Eiffel__________constructed the metal framework."a) whomb) whichc) whosed) whye) who
15este 5(Fuvest) - Na sentença "who apparently was not used to all this traffic", podemos substituir “who” pelo equivalente:a) which;b) she;c) whom;d) that;e) whose.
16este 6(PUC - PR) - According to medical studies, people ____________smoke stand a higher chance of having lung cancer.a)whereb)whichc)whend)whate)who
17a) research and commercial perspectives b) developments in HCI este 7(Unitau) - Assinale a alternativa que corresponde ao referente do pronome relativo em destaque a seguir:Both research and commercial perspectives are considered, making the event essential for all researchers, designers and manufacturers WHO need to keep abreast* of developments in HCI.*abreast - lado a ladoa) research and commercial perspectivesb) developments in HCIc) keep abreastd) research and developmentse) all researchers, designers and manufacturers
18este 8(Unitau) - Assinale a alternativa que corresponde ao referente do pronome relativo, em destaque, a seguir:Since then, microchips, satellites and nuclear power have become realities that define everyday lifea) every dayb) lifec) nuclear powerd) realitiese) satellites
19este 9(PUC - PR) - Insert the appropriate relative pronoun:Gossips, to ______ you should pay no attention, is a bad thing.Dr. Smith, ______ car is outside, has come to see a patient.My friend Jack, ______ is in hospital, is very ill.This is my Uncle John, ______ you have heard so much about.a) which, whose, who, whomb) that, whose, whom, whichc) which, whom, that, whod) whom, whose, that, whome) that, whom, who, which
20O pronome relativo WHICH, destacado no texto, refere-se a: este 10(FEI) - Most high-temperature superconductors, which are based on bismuth, have properties WHICH depend on how the particles are aligned.O pronome relativo WHICH, destacado no texto, refere-se a:a) altas temperaturasb) propriedadesc) supercondutoresd) partículase) bismuto