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Ronouns elative. who que,quem (pessoas) which que, o qual (animais e objetos) whom que, quem (pessoas) (uso formal ou objeto de uma preposição) that que.

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Presentation on theme: "Ronouns elative. who que,quem (pessoas) which que, o qual (animais e objetos) whom que, quem (pessoas) (uso formal ou objeto de uma preposição) that que."— Presentation transcript:

1 ronouns elative

2 who que,quem (pessoas) which que, o qual (animais e objetos) whom que, quem (pessoas) (uso formal ou objeto de uma preposição) that que (pessoas, animais e objetos) whose cujo, cuja (Quando algo pertence a uma pessoa, país ou organização) ho / whom / which / that / whose

3 Chelsea is the girl who Bill helps so much. Chelsea is the girl that Bill helps so much. Chelsea is the girl whom Bill is dating. (formal) Chelsea is the girl x Bill is dating. (omissão) Chelsea is the girl whom Bill cared about. (usual) or She is the girl about whom Bill cared. (formal) eople She is the woman who made me cry like a child. She is the woman that made me cry a lot. Subject of a verb Object of a verb Object of a preposition Defining relative clauses Subject of a verb Object of a verb Object of a preposition (colloquial, informal) (Hot)

4 That’s the boat which was sold yesterday. That’s the boat that was sold yesterday. That’s the boat which Dexter has used for...you know… That’s the boat that Dexter has used for...”that” thing… That’s the boat x Dexter uses all the time. That is the cabin which George has lived in. (usual) or That is the cabin in which George has lived. (formal) hings Subject of a verb Object of a verb Object of a preposition Defining relative clauses Subject of a verb Object of a verb Object of a preposition

5 Martha has a dog which barks…all the time! Martha has a dog that …Dude! It’s terrible! That’s the dog which she…Well!...She made me buy that dog! That’s the dog that she told me it’s so cute! That’s the dog x she loves so much! I think she is… insane! nimals That’s the dog which Becky has played with. (usual) or That’s the dog with which Becky has played. (formal) Subject of a verb Object of a verb Object of a preposition Defining relative clauses Subject of a verb Object of a verb Object of a preposition

6 The company whose owner is in jail, was sold. That is the board whose members are being investigated. hose Defining relative clauses When something belongs to a person When something belongs to a country When something belongs to a organization Frank is the teacher whose book is a bestseller. The woman whose daughter lives in Boston is my friend. The election will be in the country whose president resigned. He lives in a country whose rules are broken all the time. When (something, someone) belongs to person When (something, someone) belongs to country When (something, someone) belongs to organisation

7 Quando a oração subordinada não for essencial para o significado da frase ou seja, uma informação extra é dada sobre uma pessoa, objeto ou animal já conhecido... Aparece sempre entre vírgulas. O pronome não pode ser omitido. Nunca é introduzida por “that”. bservação Non - defining relative clauses

8 Kennedy, who was killed in Dallas, was a great president. John, who Jamie has helped, is very talented. ntre vírgulas... Non - defining relative clauses Pessoas My car, which is imported, makes me happy. That farm, which you are interested in, will be sold. Objetos Flies, which carry dreadful diseases, come in the Summer. The lion, which is a dangerous animal, lives in Africa. Animais

9 who, whomwhichthat or whose. Complete the following sentences with who, whom,which, that or whose. The man 1.The man ____________is beside Mary is her father. The bookI 2.The book _______________I read last night was about science fiction. owner 3.The animal_______owner traveled yesterday, died. the suspectfor 4.This is the suspect__________the police is looking for. the womanto 5.I saw the woman_________you talked to at the party. the salesman 6.He is the salesman___________sold me those flats. the windowthose boys 7.Is that the window________________those boys broke? engine 8.My father sold the car________engine was out of order. son 9.That old man_______son is our student, is waiting for you. xercícios who / that which whose whom whom / X who / that which / X whose whose

10 George the man President Palmer,, report,, the man about dog,, witness Sally Roberts,, women from 10.It was George__________called you. 11.We must thank the man__________did his best to help us. 12.President Palmer, ______ abandoned the office, is a very good person. 13.That report, ______ you sent to London, is about environment. 14.I know the man about ______ you are talking. 15.That noisy dog, ______barked all night long, will be sold. 16.Are you the witness ___________saw the accident? 17.Sally Roberts, _____was praised by the headmaster, is my sister-in- law. 18.The women from _______ I received the reports want to talk to you. who / that who who which whom which who who whom

11 (ITA) (ITA) - Assinale a alternativa cujo pronome pode corretamente preencher as lacunas (1) e (2) : The man____(1)______spoke to you is Brazilian. The book______(2)_____is on the table is very old. a)what b)whichever c)whom d)who e)that este 1

12 (MACK) (MACK) - Choose the correct alternative to complete the sentence: The headmaster spoke to the boys____work was below standard. a)that b)who c)which d)whose e)whom este 2

13 (Fuvest) (Fuvest) - I met the girl _________traveled with you to London. a)which b)who c)whose d)what e)whom este 3

14 (FEI) (FEI) - Escolha a alternativa correta para completar a frase, de acordo com o texto: "It was Eiffel__________constructed the metal framework." a) whom b) which c) whose d) why e) who este 4

15 (Fuvest) (Fuvest) - Na sentença "who apparently was not used to all this traffic", podemos substituir “who” pelo equivalente: a) which; b) she; c) whom; d) that; e) whose. este 5

16 este 6 (PUC - PR) (PUC - PR) - According to medical studies, people ____________smoke stand a higher chance of having lung cancer. a)where b)which c)when d)what e)who

17 este 7 (Unitau) (Unitau) - Assinale a alternativa que corresponde ao referente do pronome relativo em destaque a seguir: Both research and commercial perspectives are considered, making the event essential for all researchers, designers and manufacturers WHO need to keep abreast* of developments in HCI. *abreast - lado a lado a) research and commercial perspectives b) developments in HCI c) keep abreast d) research and developments e) all researchers, designers and manufacturers

18 (Unitau) (Unitau) - Assinale a alternativa que corresponde ao referente do pronome relativo, em destaque, a seguir: Since then, microchips, satellites and nuclear power have become realities that define everyday life a) every day b) life c) nuclear power d) realities e) satellites este 8

19 (PUC - PR) (PUC - PR) - Insert the appropriate relative pronoun: Gossips, to ______ you should pay no attention, is a bad thing. Dr. Smith, ______ car is outside, has come to see a patient. My friend Jack, ______ is in hospital, is very ill. This is my Uncle John, ______ you have heard so much about. a) which, whose, who, whom b) that, whose, whom, which c) which, whom, that, who d) whom, whose, that, whom e) that, whom, who, which este 9

20 (FEI) (FEI) - Most high-temperature superconductors, which are based on bismuth, have properties WHICH depend on how the particles are aligned. O pronome relativo WHICH, destacado no texto, refere-se a: a) altas temperaturas b) propriedades c) supercondutores d) partículas e) bismuto este 10


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