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1 12-1 Adjective clauses: introductionAdjective clauses: introduction 12-2 Using who and whom in adjective...Using who and whom in adjective... 12-3 Using.

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Presentation on theme: "1 12-1 Adjective clauses: introductionAdjective clauses: introduction 12-2 Using who and whom in adjective...Using who and whom in adjective... 12-3 Using."— Presentation transcript:

1 Adjective clauses: introductionAdjective clauses: introduction 12-2 Using who and whom in adjective...Using who and whom in adjective Using who, who(m), and that in adjective...Using who, who(m), and that in adjective Using which and that in adjective clausesUsing which and that in adjective clauses 12-5 Singular and plural verbs in adjective …Singular and plural verbs in adjective … 12-6 Using prepositions in adjective clausesUsing prepositions in adjective clauses 12-7 Using whose in adjective clausesUsing whose in adjective clauses CONTENTS

2 ADJECTIVE CLAUSES: INTRODUCTION I have a terrific friend who is very kind.

3 CPITALIZATION 12-1 ADJECTIVE CLAUSES: INTRODUCTION (a) I have a terrific friend. adjective + noun (b) I have a thoughtful friend. adjective + noun adjective modifies noun

4 CPITALIZATION 12-1 ADJECTIVE CLAUSES: INTRODUCTION (b) I have a thoughtful friend. adjective + noun adjective noun (usually) (a) I have a terrific friend. adjective + noun

5 CPITALIZATION 12-1 ADJECTIVE CLAUSES: INTRODUCTION (c) I have a friend who is always cheerful. noun + adjective clause adjective clause modifies noun CPITALIZATION (d) I have a friend who is a doctor. noun + adjective clause CPITALIZATION (e) I have a friend who lives next door. noun + adjective clause

6 CPITALIZATION 12-1 ADJECTIVE CLAUSES: INTRODUCTION (c) I have a friend who is always cheerful. noun + adjective clause noun adjective clause CPITALIZATION (d) I have a friend who is a doctor. noun + adjective clause CPITALIZATION (e) I have a friend who lives next door. noun + adjective clause

7 USING WHO AND WHOM IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES The boy who has the phone is adorable.

8 USING WHO AND WHOM IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES (a) The child is adorable. (b) The child is adorable. He has the phone. is a subject pronoun he is a subject pronoun who who has the phone he adjective clause who

9 USING WHO AND WHOM IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES (a) The child is adorable. (b) The child is adorable.who has the phone INCORRECT: The child is adorable who has the phone. noun adjective clause

10 USING WHO AND WHOM IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES (c) The child was funny. (d) The child was funny. I saw him. is an object pronoun him is an object pronoun whom whom I saw him adjective clause whom

11 USING WHO AND WHOM IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES (c) The child was funny. (d) The child was funny.who has the phone INCORRECT: T he child was funny who has the phone. noun + adjective clause

12 ,12-2 LET’S PRACTICE who two sentences one sentence Jonah is in my English class. He is an excellent student. who is an excellent student is in my English class. Jonah

13 ,12-2 LET’S PRACTICE who two sentences one sentence Mary is an artist. She is very talented. who is very talented is an artist. Mary

14 14 whom we see are 12-1,12-2 LET’S PRACTICE Ø two sentences one sentence We see the vendors. They are working in the floating market. working in the floating market. The vendors

15 15 The girl that has the phone is friendly USING WHO, WHO(M), AND THAT IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES

16 16 (a) The girl is friendly. (b) The girl is friendly.who has the phone INCORRECT: The girl has the phone is friendly. (c) The girl that has the phone is friendly. same meaning 12-3 USING WHO, WHO(M), AND THAT IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES

17 17 (a) The child is adorable. (c) The child is adorable. He has the phone. is a subject pronoun He can be the subject that that has the phone He adjective clause that 12-3 USING WHO, WHO(M), AND THAT IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES

18 18 (d) The child was funny. I knew her. (e) The child was funny.who(m) I knew (f) The child that I knew was funny USING WHO, WHO(M), AND THAT IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES (g) The child Ø I knew was funny. object pronoun can be omitted from adjective clause S O who(m) that

19 LET’S PRACTICE CORRECTINCORRECT ? OR The people who(m) I met last night were really funny.

20 LET’S PRACTICE CORRECTINCORRECT ? OR The woman is reading is my sister.

21 LET’S PRACTICE CORRECTINCORRECTOR ? The woman that is reading is my sister.

22 USING WHICH AND THAT IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES The computer that I just bought is really fast.

23 USING WHICH AND THAT IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES (a) My computer is really fast. It is new. (c) My computer that is new is really fast. (b) My computer which is new is really fast. s v which things that people / things who, whom people

24 USING WHICH AND THAT IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES (a) My computer is really fast. It is new. (c) My computer that is new is really fast. (b) My computer which is new is really fast. adjective clause which It

25 USING WHICH AND THAT IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES (a) My computer is really fast. It is new. (c) My computer that is new is really fast. (b) My computer which is new is really fast. adjective clause that It

26 USING WHICH AND THAT IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES (a) That computer is really fast. It is new. (c) That computer that is new is really fast. (b) That computer which is new is really fast. INCORRECT: That computer is new is really fast.

27 27 which, that object in adjective clause 12-4 USING WHICH AND THAT IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES (d) The old car needs work. I drive it. (f) The old car that I drive needs work. (e) The old car which I drive needs work. s v o o s v (g) The old car Ø I drive needs work. s v

28 USING WHICH AND THAT IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES (d) The old car needs work. I drive it. (f) The old car that I drive needs work. (e) The old car which I drive needs work. (g) The old car Ø I drive needs work. same meaning

29 29 which we played 12-4 LET’S PRACTICE which two sentences one sentence We played a game. The game was fun. was fun. The game

30 30 we played 12-4 LET’S PRACTICE Ø two sentences one sentence was fun. The game We played a game. The game was fun.

31 31 the supermarket 12-4 LET’S PRACTICE that two sentences one sentence Where is the supermarket? It sells great produce. that sells great produce? Where is

32 SINGULAR AND PLURAL VERBS IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES I have a friend who is a wonderful gardener.

33 SINGULAR AND PLURAL VERBS IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES (a) I have a friend who is a wonderful gardener. singular noun singular verb

34 SINGULAR AND PLURAL VERBS IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES (b) I have friends who are wonderful gardeners. plural noun plural verb

35 LET’S PRACTICE is are People who travel to other countries ___ required to have a passport. are

36 LET’S PRACTICE is are A set of twins that ___ not identical ___ called fraternal. is

37 LET’S PRACTICE speak speaks There are many people in Europe who ______ more than one language. speak

38 USING PREPOSITIONS IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES The new student I talked to was thrilled to be here.

39 USING PREPOSITIONS IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES (a) The teacher is friendly. I talked to her. PREP Obj. (b) The teacher whom I talked to is friendly. PREP Obj. (c) The teacher that I talked to is friendly. (d) The teacher Ø I talked to is friendly.

40 40 (e) The teacher to whom I talked is friendly. PREP Obj. FORMAL ENGLISH preposition + whom + adjective clause which MUST have pronoun 12-6 USING PREPOSITIONS IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES

41 USING PREPOSITIONS IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES (f) The paper is long. I am working on it. PREP Obj. (g) The paper which I am working on is long. PREP Obj. (h) The paper that I am working on is long. (i) The paper Ø I am working on is long.

42 42 (j) The paper on which I am working is long. PREP Obj. FORMAL ENGLISH preposition + whom + adjective clause which MUST have pronoun 12-6 USING PREPOSITIONS IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES

43 43 which we which two sentences one sentence We went to a game. It was boring. went to was boring. The game 12-6 LET’S PRACTICE

44 44 Ø we Ø two sentences one sentence went to was boring. The game 12-6 LET’S PRACTICE We went to a game. It was boring.

45 LET’S PRACTICE We visited a Rodin museum yesterday. It was beautiful. that that we visited yesterday was beautiful. The Rodin museum

46 USING WHOSE IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES The boy whose wrist is broken has a cast.

47 USING WHOSE IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES (a) The boy has a cast. His wrist is broken.

48 USING WHOSE IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES (a) The boy has a cast. His wrist is broken. whose wrist (b) The boy whose wrist is broken has a cast. whose possession

49 USING WHOSE IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES (a) The boy has a cast. His wrist is broken. (b) The boy whose wrist is broken has a cast. adjective clause whose wrist

50 USING WHOSE IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES (c) I have a friend. Her mother is a doctor. whose mother (d) I have a friend whose mother is a doctor. whose possession

51 USING WHOSE IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES (c) I have a friend. Her mother is a doctor. whose mother (d) I have a friend whose mother is a doctor. adjective clause

52 USING WHOSE IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES (e) The family was moving. I bought their car.

53 USING WHOSE IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES (e) The family was moving. I bought their car. whose car (f) The family whose car I bought was moving. whose possession

54 USING WHOSE IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES (c) The family is moving. I bought their car. whose car (d) The family whose car I bought was moving. adjective clause

55 LET’S PRACTICE This is my friend Ichiro. His sister is a famous scientist. who whose whose sister is a famous scientist. This is my friend Ichiro

56 LET’S PRACTICE I go to a great doctor. She is very busy. who is very busy. I go to a great doctor who whose

57 LET’S PRACTICE I go to a busy doctor. Her patients often have to wait in line. whose patients often have to wait in line. I go to a busy doctor who whose

58 58 PHOTO CREDITS Images used under license from: Shutterstock, Inc. Clipart, Inc. Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education and its licensors. All rights reserved.


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