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Section 9.3 Guidelines for Healthful Eating Slide 1 of 19 Objectives Examine how diabetics, vegetarians, people with food sensitivities, and athletes can.

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Presentation on theme: "Section 9.3 Guidelines for Healthful Eating Slide 1 of 19 Objectives Examine how diabetics, vegetarians, people with food sensitivities, and athletes can."— Presentation transcript:

1 Section 9.3 Guidelines for Healthful Eating Slide 1 of 19 Objectives Examine how diabetics, vegetarians, people with food sensitivities, and athletes can meet their nutritional needs. Section 9.3 Nutrition for Individual Needs

2 Section 9.3 Guidelines for Healthful Eating Slide 2 of 19 Dear Advice Line, I’ve recently become a vegetarian, and it has my parents worried. They think I’m not getting enough nutrients, and they keep telling me that I have to eat meat to be healthy. How can I explain to them that a vegetarian diet can be healthy? Write a response to this teen to help solve the problem.

3 Section 9.3 Guidelines for Healthful Eating Slide 3 of 19 Diabetes is a disease with dietary requirements that can help people manage their condition. Diets for Diabetics Eating tips for diabetics Eat balanced meals and snacks on a regular schedule. Monitor your carbohydrate intake. Get regular exercise. Control your weight.

4 Section 9.3 Guidelines for Healthful Eating Slide 4 of 19 A person who does not eat meat is called a vegetarian. Vegetarian Diets Some vegetarians, called vegans, eat no food from any animal source. Because vegetarians exclude certain foods from their diets, they need to plan their food choices carefully

5 Section 9.3 Guidelines for Healthful Eating Slide 5 of 19 lower BMI Benefits of a Vegetarian Diet lower risk of heart disease lower blood pressure lower risk of type 2 diabetes

6 Section 9.3 Guidelines for Healthful Eating Slide 6 of 19 inadequate intake of vitamin B12, which can result in nerve damage Risks of a Vegetarian Diet lack of adequate calcium, which can lead to bone loss protein deficiency, which can result in hair and muscle loss

7 Section 9.3 Guidelines for Healthful Eating Slide 7 of 19

8 Section 9.3 Guidelines for Healthful Eating Slide 8 of 19 Click above to go online. For: More on meals for individual needs

9 Section 9.3 Guidelines for Healthful Eating Slide 9 of 19 People with food sensitivities, which include food allergies and food intolerances, may require special diets. Food Sensitivities

10 Section 9.3 Guidelines for Healthful Eating Slide 10 of 19 A food allergy is a response by your immune system to the proteins in certain foods. Food Allergies About one percent of the population has some kind of food allergy.

11 Section 9.3 Guidelines for Healthful Eating Slide 11 of 19 A food intolerance is an inability to digest a particular food or food additive. Food Intolerances Food intolerances are more common than food allergies.

12 Section 9.3 Guidelines for Healthful Eating Slide 12 of 19

13 Section 9.3 Guidelines for Healthful Eating Slide 13 of 19 Athletes need a well-balanced diet with the recommended amounts of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. Healthy Diets for Athletes

14 Section 9.3 Guidelines for Healthful Eating Slide 14 of 19 Calorie Intake Athletes should not restrict fat intake to less than that recommended in the MyPyramid plan. Athletes need to consume extra calories to fuel their higher level of physical activity.

15 Section 9.3 Guidelines for Healthful Eating Slide 15 of 19 Fluid Intake How much water athletes need depends on the duration and intensity of the competition and weather factors. During competition, athletes should drink plenty of fluids.

16 Section 9.3 Guidelines for Healthful Eating Slide 16 of 19 Carbohydrate loading is the practice of greatly increasing carbohydrate intake and decreasing exercise on the days immediately before a competition. Carbohydrate Loading For marathon runners or other endurance athletes, carbohydrate loading may help supply needed energy. For the average athlete, it probably is unnecessary.

17 Section 9.3 Guidelines for Healthful Eating Slide 17 of 19 Vocabulary vegetarianA person who does not eat meat. veganA person who does not eat food from any animal source. food allergyThe immune system’s response to the proteins in certain foods. food intoleranceThe inability to digest a particular food or food additive. carbohydrate loading The practice of greatly increasing carbohydrate intake and decreasing exercise on the days immediately before a competition.

18 Section 9.3 Guidelines for Healthful Eating Slide 18 of 19 QuickTake Quiz Click to start quiz.

19 Section 9.3 Guidelines for Healthful Eating Slide 19 of 19 Click above to go online. For: Chapter 9 self test

20 Section 9.3 Guidelines for Healthful Eating Slide 20 of 19 End of Section 9.3 Click on this slide to end this presentation.


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