Presentation on theme: "Section 9.3 Nutrition for Individual Needs Objectives"— Presentation transcript:
1 Section 9.3 Nutrition for Individual Needs Objectives Examine how diabetics, vegetarians, people with food sensitivities, and athletes can meet their nutritional needs.
2 Dear Advice Line,I’ve recently become a vegetarian, and it has my parents worried. They think I’m not getting enough nutrients, and they keep telling me that I have to eat meat to be healthy. How can I explain to them that a vegetarian diet can be healthy?Write a response to this teen to help solve the problem.
3 Diets for DiabeticsDiabetes is a disease with dietary requirements that can help people manage their condition.Eating tips for diabeticsEat balanced meals and snacks on a regular schedule.Monitor your carbohydrate intake.Control your weight.Get regular exercise.
4 Vegetarian DietsA person who does not eat meat is called a vegetarian.Some vegetarians, called vegans, eat no food from any animal source.Because vegetarians exclude certain foods from their diets, they need to plan their food choices carefully
5 Benefits of a Vegetarian Diet lower BMIlower risk of heart diseaselower blood pressurelower risk of type 2 diabetes
6 Risks of a Vegetarian Diet inadequate intake of vitamin B12, which can result in nerve damagelack of adequate calcium, which can lead to bone lossprotein deficiency, which can result in hair and muscle loss
13 Healthy Diets for Athletes Athletes need a well-balanced diet with the recommended amounts of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins.
14 Calorie IntakeAthletes need to consume extra calories to fuel their higher level of physical activity.Athletes should not restrict fat intake to less than that recommended in the MyPyramid plan.
15 Fluid IntakeDuring competition, athletes should drink plenty of fluids.How much water athletes need depends on the duration and intensity of the competition and weather factors.
16 Carbohydrate LoadingCarbohydrate loading is the practice of greatly increasing carbohydrate intake and decreasing exercise on the days immediately before a competition.For marathon runners or other endurance athletes, carbohydrate loading may help supply needed energy.For the average athlete, it probably is unnecessary.
17 Vocabulary vegetarian A person who does not eat meat. vegan A person who does not eat food from any animal source.food allergyThe immune system’s response to the proteins in certain foods.food intoleranceThe inability to digest a particular food or food additive.carbohydrate loadingThe practice of greatly increasing carbohydrate intake and decreasing exercise on the days immediately before a competition.