2 A. 2.Diet related diseases Read SFL p and make notes on each &/or see following slidesa. High blood pressureb. Diabetesc. Osteoporosisd. Cancer3. Lactose intolerance
3 A. 2.Diet related diseases a. High blood pressureBlood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of the arteriesHigh blood pressure usually has no symptoms until it leads to problems with the heart, brain, or kidneys.
4 A. 2.Diet related diseases b. DiabetesThe pancreas produces no or little insulinThe body is unable to use carbohydrates properlyIf a diabetic acts strange, they need sugar not insulin
5 A. 2.Diet related diseases c. OsteoporosisA disease that weakens bones, often causing severe fractures. It occurs primarily in people over 50 years of ageIt is caused from a depletion of calcium in the body. It results in porous & brittle bones.
6 A. 2.Diet related diseases d. CancerRefers to a disease in which abnormal cells divide uncontrollably and invade other body tissues. The abnormal cells may also spread to other parts of the bodyThe American Cancer Society recommends you eat an abundance of fruits and vegetables each day as well as whole grains.
7 A. 2.Diet related diseases Lactose intolerance-A form of food intolerance in which the body is unable to digest dairy products that contain lactose.-Lactose is a sugar that isbroken down into glucoseby the enzyme lactase.
8 Sports Nutrition. athletes should eat complex-t-carbohydrates 3-4 Sports Nutrition athletes should eat complex-t-carbohydrates hours before competing drink lots of water to avoid dehydration-Increase calorie intake-Eat plenty of iron-rich foods-Meet calcium needs to avoid bone fractures-Supplements such as energy bars, sports drinks and protein shakes should not replace healthy foodAnabolic steroids are drugs that may cause teens to stop growing, does cause high blood pressure, heart & liver damage
9 C. Diet and Stages of Life Read SFL p and write 2 facts for each &/or see following slidesNutrition before birthNutrition in infancyNutrition for childrenNutrition for teensNutrition for adultsNutrition for older adults
10 C. Diet and Stages of Life Nutrition before birthPg women need folic acidAn unborn child only gets nutrients through the mother’s diet.Pregnant women should consume 2-3 dailyservings from the milk group and 2added servings from the grains groupfor calories.An extra serving from both the fruitand vegetable groups will provideneeded vitamins, minerals and fiber
11 C. Diet and Stages of Life Nutrition in infancyBreast milk or formula is a baby’s first food. Breast milk is designed to meet most of the baby’s nutrient needs. Formula also provides needed nutrients.Babies need vitamin C early in lifeBabies should not be givensolid foods before 4 months.
12 C. Diet and Stages of Life Nutrition for childrenPreschoolers need larger portions of nutrients to support their rapid growth. Vitamins A & C are vital during this period. Raw fruits & vegetables can be given as snacks to meet the vitamin needsSchool age children need the energy and nutrients provided by milk,breads, meats, fruits andvegetables
13 C. Diet and Stages of Life Nutrition for teensRapid growth during the teen years creates great nutritional needs. Busy schedules often cause teens to skip meals.Many teens select snack foodshigh in fats and sugars and lowin other nutrients. Therefore,nutrient needs do not alwaysget met.
14 C. Diet and Stages of Life Nutrition for adultsGradually metabolism begins to slow, causing adults to need fewer caloriesThe need for nutrients does notdiminish. Adults need healthyfoods that will supply theNutrients and calories.Ex. Fruit Juice over Cola
15 C. Diet and Stages of Life Nutrition for older adultsMany older adults are less active than younger adults, which causes them to need fewer calories.Older adults still need the same amount of most nutrients as they did when they were younger.The need for calcium actually increases for adults over 50