A. 2.Diet related diseases Read SFL p 311- 313 and make notes on each &/or see following slides a. High blood pressure b. Diabetes c. Osteoporosis d. Cancer 3. Lactose intolerance
A. 2.Diet related diseases a. High blood pressure –Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of the arteries –High blood pressure usually has no symptoms until it leads to problems with the heart, brain, or kidneys.
A. 2.Diet related diseases b. Diabetes –The pancreas produces no or little insulin –The body is unable to use carbohydrates properly –If a diabetic acts strange, they need sugar not insulin
A. 2.Diet related diseases c. Osteoporosis –A disease that weakens bones, often causing severe fractures. It occurs primarily in people over 50 years of age –It is caused from a depletion of calcium in the body. It results in porous & brittle bones.
A. 2.Diet related diseases d. Cancer –Refers to a disease in which abnormal cells divide uncontrollably and invade other body tissues. The abnormal cells may also spread to other parts of the body –The American Cancer Society recommends you eat an abundance of fruits and vegetables each day as well as whole grains.
A. 2.Diet related diseases Lactose intolerance -A form of food intolerance in which the body is unable to digest dairy products that contain lactose. -Lactose is a sugar that is broken down into glucose by the enzyme lactase.
Sports Nutrition athletes should eat complex-t-carbohydrates 3-4 hours before competing drink lots of water to avoid dehydration -Increase calorie intake -Eat plenty of iron-rich foods -Meet calcium needs to avoid bone fractures -Supplements such as energy bars, sports drinks and protein shakes should not replace healthy food Anabolic steroids are drugs that may cause teens to stop growing, does cause high blood pressure, heart & liver damage
C. Diet and Stages of Life Read SFL p 306-312 and write 2 facts for each &/or see following slides Nutrition before birth Nutrition in infancy Nutrition for children Nutrition for teens Nutrition for adults Nutrition for older adults
C. Diet and Stages of Life Nutrition before birth Pg women need folic acid –An unborn child only gets nutrients through the mother’s diet. –Pregnant women should consume 2-3 daily servings from the milk group and 2 added servings from the grains group for calories. –An extra serving from both the fruit and vegetable groups will provide needed vitamins, minerals and fiber
C. Diet and Stages of Life Nutrition in infancy –Breast milk or formula is a baby’s first food. Breast milk is designed to meet most of the baby’s nutrient needs. Formula also provides needed nutrients. –Babies need vitamin C early in life –Babies should not be given solid foods before 4 months.
C. Diet and Stages of Life Nutrition for children –Preschoolers need larger portions of nutrients to support their rapid growth. Vitamins A & C are vital during this period. Raw fruits & vegetables can be given as snacks to meet the vitamin needs –School age children need the energy and nutrients provided by milk, breads, meats, fruits and vegetables
C. Diet and Stages of Life Nutrition for teens –Rapid growth during the teen years creates great nutritional needs. Busy schedules often cause teens to skip meals. –Many teens select snack foods high in fats and sugars and low in other nutrients. Therefore, nutrient needs do not always get met.
C. Diet and Stages of Life Nutrition for adults –Gradually metabolism begins to slow, causing adults to need fewer calories –The need for nutrients does not diminish. Adults need healthy foods that will supply the Nutrients and calories. Ex. Fruit Juice over Cola
C. Diet and Stages of Life Nutrition for older adults –Many older adults are less active than younger adults, which causes them to need fewer calories. –Older adults still need the same amount of most nutrients as they did when they were younger. –The need for calcium actually increases for adults over 50