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Thailand Socio-Economics Development

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Presentation on theme: "Thailand Socio-Economics Development"— Presentation transcript:

1 Thailand Socio-Economics Development
East Asia Colonialism in 19th century Causes Consequences Sin in the past, Shape of the future Bowring Treaty and the development of Thailand socio-economics Status of development: developed or undeveloped nation?

2 Portuguese expeditions 1415–1542: Portuguese spice trade routes in the Indian Ocean


4 Imperialism and Capitalism
the highest (advanced) stage of capitalism Lenin(1817) The essay is a synthesis of Lenin’s modifications and developments of economic theories had formulated and became Karl Marx Das Kapital (1867). Capitalism required monopolies (of labour and natural-resource exploitation) and the exportation of finance capital (rather than goods) to sustain colonialism Under Lenin or Marx idea, in the capitalist homeland, the profits yielded by the colonial exploitation of a people and their economy, permit businessmen to bribe native politicians, labor leaders and the labor aristocracy (upper stratum of the working class) to politically thwart worker revolt (labor strike).

5 China as a Center of Civilization
Massive Population Growing population, large work force, need no industrialization Advanced Civilization Inventor (compass, gun powder) and producer of fine goods by skilled artisan (porcelain) Control local and international trade government monopolized trade “Canton System” Very long History => Cultural Chauvanism Superior to other countries As a consequence: unwilling to learn from others

6 European Trade and China
Europe wish to access to Chinese markets Europe wanted most of Chinese items more than China wanted from Europe China wanted trade settlement in gold or silver only Britain solved trade imbalance problem by opium as a payment instead of gold/silver

7 พระนางซูสีไทเฮา แห่งราชวงศ์ชิง Empress Dowager Cixi, Qing Dynasty, was a powerful and charismatic woman who effectively controlled the Chinese government from behind the bamboo curtain for 47 years, from 1861 to her death in 1908.

8 จักรพรรดิปูยีแห่งราชวงศ์ชิง (1644 - 1911) The Last Emperor Puyi of Qing Dynasty
Western became the modernization

9 Treaty of Nanjing: Consequence of 1st Opium War

10 Treaty of Tein Sin: Consequence of 2nd Opium War

11 Why China lost to Western?
Technology is the key Both opium wars were determined on the sea Firearms outright swords, arrows and extend the distance of the front line Number of soldier was un-necessary winning factor Economic aspect of Technology: Division of labor => Expertise

12 โทกุงาวะ โยชิโนบุ โชกุนคนสุดท้าย Tokugawa Yoshinobu, the last Shogun




16 ไซโงะ ทะกะโมริ (西郷 隆盛 ), 1828 – 1877 และ นายพลเรือเพอร์รี่ ผู้นำการเปลี่ยนแปลงมาสู่ญี่ปุ่น


18 Young Patriots in Satsuma 46 people gathered in Nagasaki with Saigo's command, Photo by Hiroma Ueno

19 Saigō Takamori Gunmusho (軍務所) banknote, issued in 1877 to finance his war effort



22 จักรพรรดิเมจิ Emperor Meiji

23 จักรพรรดิไทโชและจักรพรรดิ์ฮิโรฮิโตะ Emperor Taisho and Hirohito


25                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Imperial officers of the Kumamoto garrison which fought against the troops of Saigo Takamori in Ancient photographs of the Bakumatsu and Meiji period Wikipedia - "Satsuma Rebellion" การใช้ทหารแทนซามุไร


27 Colonialism: Thailand and Japan
Trade openness (trade liberalization) is a new form of colonialism in 19th century Both faced the same situation in dealing with western influences calling for open their countries to trade India and China are the good example of closed and under-progressed economy that can not resist the western modernization influences Modernization or Internationalization usually refers to progress and/or development such as; Western style clothes or eating (cultures) Constitution (politics) Capitalism (economics)


29 Bowring Treaty ( )



32 การแต่งกายชาวจีน สมัย ร.5

33 King Chulalongkorn

34 Selected Chronology of Western Influences in East Asia
Year Events Consequences 1840 First Opium War between Britain and China Nanjing Treaty 1842 1853 U.S. first arrived in Japan U.S.-Japan Treaty of Peace and Amity 1854 1855 John Bowring arrived in Thailand Treaty of Friendship and Commerce between Siam and Great Britain 1856 1856 Second Opium War between British and China Tianjin Treaty 1858 1858 U.S. second arrived in Japan U.S.-Japan Treaty of Amity and Commerce 1858 1868 Meiji and Chulalongkorn took reign started of Meiji Restoration ( ) and Chakkri Reformation ( )

35 Chakkri dynasty King known as period of reign Rama I Yodfah 1782-1809
Rama II Lertlah Rama III Nang Klao Rama IV Mongkut Rama V Chulalongkorn Rama VI Vajiravuhd Rama VII Prajadipok Rama VIII Ananda-Mahidon Rama IX Phumiphon-Aduldet 1946-present

36 Socio-Economic Development
Under the Bowring Treaty end of state trade monopoly International division of labor lack of entrepreneur class less saving lead to lack or depend on foreign technology

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