Presentation on theme: "Thailand Socio-Economics Development"— Presentation transcript:
1 Thailand Socio-Economics Development East Asia Colonialism in 19th centuryCausesConsequencesSin in the past, Shape of the futureBowring Treaty and the development of Thailand socio-economicsStatus of development: developed or undeveloped nation?
2 Portuguese expeditions 1415–1542: Portuguese spice trade routes in the Indian Ocean
4 Imperialism and Capitalism the highest (advanced) stage of capitalism Lenin(1817)The essay is a synthesis of Lenin’s modifications and developments of economic theories had formulated and became Karl Marx Das Kapital (1867).Capitalism required monopolies (of labour and natural-resource exploitation) and the exportation of finance capital (rather than goods) to sustain colonialismUnder Lenin or Marx idea, in the capitalist homeland, the profits yielded by the colonial exploitation of a people and their economy, permit businessmen to bribe native politicians, labor leaders and the labor aristocracy (upper stratum of the working class) to politically thwart worker revolt (labor strike).
5 China as a Center of Civilization Massive PopulationGrowing population, large work force, need no industrializationAdvanced CivilizationInventor (compass, gun powder) and producer of fine goods by skilled artisan (porcelain)Control local and international tradegovernment monopolized trade “Canton System”Very long History => Cultural ChauvanismSuperior to other countriesAs a consequence: unwilling to learn from others
6 European Trade and China Europe wish to access to Chinese marketsEurope wanted most of Chinese items more than China wanted from EuropeChina wanted trade settlement in gold or silver onlyBritain solved trade imbalance problem by opium as a payment instead of gold/silver
7 พระนางซูสีไทเฮา แห่งราชวงศ์ชิง Empress Dowager Cixi, Qing Dynasty, was a powerful and charismatic woman who effectively controlled the Chinese government from behind the bamboo curtain for 47 years, from 1861 to her death in 1908.
8 จักรพรรดิปูยีแห่งราชวงศ์ชิง (1644 - 1911) The Last Emperor Puyi of Qing Dynasty Western became the modernization
10 Treaty of Tein Sin: Consequence of 2nd Opium War
11 Why China lost to Western? Technology is the keyBoth opium wars were determined on the seaFirearms outright swords, arrows and extend the distance of the front lineNumber of soldier was un-necessary winning factorEconomic aspect of Technology: Division of labor => Expertise
12 โทกุงาวะ โยชิโนบุ โชกุนคนสุดท้าย Tokugawa Yoshinobu, the last Shogun
25 Imperial officers of the Kumamoto garrison which fought against the troops of Saigo Takamori in Ancient photographs of the Bakumatsu and Meiji period Wikipedia - "Satsuma Rebellion"การใช้ทหารแทนซามุไร
27 Colonialism: Thailand and Japan Trade openness (trade liberalization) is a new form of colonialism in 19th centuryBoth faced the same situation in dealing with western influences calling for open their countries to tradeIndia and China are the good example of closed and under-progressed economy that can not resist the western modernization influencesModernization or Internationalization usually refers to progress and/or development such as;Western style clothes or eating (cultures)Constitution (politics)Capitalism (economics)
34 Selected Chronology of Western Influences in East Asia YearEventsConsequences1840First Opium War between Britain and ChinaNanjing Treaty 18421853U.S. first arrived in JapanU.S.-Japan Treaty of Peace and Amity 18541855John Bowring arrived in ThailandTreaty of Friendship and Commerce between Siam and Great Britain 18561856Second Opium War between British and ChinaTianjin Treaty 18581858U.S. second arrived in JapanU.S.-Japan Treaty of Amity and Commerce 18581868Meiji and Chulalongkorn took reignstarted of Meiji Restoration ( ) and Chakkri Reformation ( )
35 Chakkri dynasty King known as period of reign Rama I Yodfah 1782-1809 Rama IILertlahRama IIINang KlaoRama IVMongkutRama VChulalongkornRama VIVajiravuhdRama VIIPrajadipokRama VIIIAnanda-MahidonRama IXPhumiphon-Aduldet1946-present
36 Socio-Economic Development Under the Bowring Treatyend of state trade monopolyInternational division of laborlack of entrepreneur classless saving lead to lack or depend on foreign technology