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Thailand Socio-Economics Development East Asia Colonialism in 19 th century Causes Consequences Sin in the past, Shape of the future Bowring Treaty and.

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Presentation on theme: "Thailand Socio-Economics Development East Asia Colonialism in 19 th century Causes Consequences Sin in the past, Shape of the future Bowring Treaty and."— Presentation transcript:

1 Thailand Socio-Economics Development East Asia Colonialism in 19 th century Causes Consequences Sin in the past, Shape of the future Bowring Treaty and the development of Thailand socio-economics Status of development: developed or undeveloped nation?

2 Portuguese expeditionsPortuguese expeditions 1415–1542: Portuguese spice trade routes in the Indian Oceanspice trade Indian Ocean

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4 Imperialism and Capitalism the highest (advanced) stage of capitalism Lenin(1817) The essay is a synthesis of Lenin’s modifications and developments of economic theories had formulated and became Karl Marx Das Kapital (1867).synthesiseconomicDas Kapital Capitalism required monopolies (of labour and natural- resource exploitation) and the exportation of finance capital (rather than goods) to sustain colonialismmonopolies Under Lenin or Marx idea, in the capitalist homeland, the profits yielded by the colonial exploitation of a people and their economy, permit businessmen to bribe native politicians, labor leaders and the labor aristocracy (upper stratum of the working class) to politically thwart worker revolt (labor strike).colonial exploitationlabor aristocracyworker revolt

5 China as a Center of Civilization Massive Population –Growing population, large work force, need no industrialization Advanced Civilization –Inventor (compass, gun powder) and producer of fine goods by skilled artisan (porcelain) Control local and international trade –government monopolized trade “Canton System” Very long History => Cultural Chauvanism –Superior to other countries –As a consequence: unwilling to learn from others

6 European Trade and China Europe wish to access to Chinese markets Europe wanted most of Chinese items more than China wanted from Europe China wanted trade settlement in gold or silver only Britain solved trade imbalance problem by opium as a payment instead of gold/silver

7 พระนางซูสีไท เฮา แห่งราชวงศ์ชิง Empress Dowager Cixi, Qing Dynasty, was a powerful and charismatic woman who effectively controlled the Chinese government from behind the bamboo curtain for 47 years, from 1861 to her death in 1908.

8 จักรพรรดิปูยีแห่งราชวงศ์ชิง (1644 - 1911) The Last Emperor Puyi of Qing Dynasty

9 Treaty of Nanjing: Consequence of 1 st Opium War

10 Treaty of Tein Sin: Consequence of 2 nd Opium War

11 Why China lost to Western? Technology is the key Both opium wars were determined on the sea Firearms outright swords, arrows and extend the distance of the front line Number of soldier was un-necessary winning factor Economic aspect of Technology: Division of labor => Expertise

12 โทกุงาวะ โยชิโนบุ โชกุนคนสุดท้าย Tokugawa Yoshinobu, the last Shogun

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16 ไซโงะ ทะกะโมริ ( 西郷 隆盛 ), 1828 – 1877 และ นายพลเรือเพอร์รี่ ผู้นำการ เปลี่ยนแปลงมาสู่ญี่ปุ่น

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18 Young Patriots in Satsuma 46 people gathered in Nagasaki with Saigo's command, 1865. Photo by Hiroma Ueno

19 Saigō Takamori Gunmusho ( 軍務 所 ) banknote, issued in 1877 to finance his war effort

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22 จักรพรรดิ เมจิ Emperor Meiji

23 จักรพรรดิไทโชและจักรพรรดิ์ฮิโรฮิ โตะ Emperor Taisho and Hirohito

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25 Imperial officers of the Kumamoto garrison which fought against the troops of Saigo Takamori in 1877 Ancient photographs of the Bakumatsu and Meiji period Wikipedia - "Satsuma Rebellion" การใช้ทหารแทนซามุไร

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27 Colonialism: Thailand and Japan Trade openness (trade liberalization) is a new form of colonialism in 19 th century Both faced the same situation in dealing with western influences calling for open their countries to trade India and China are the good example of closed and under-progressed economy that can not resist the western modernization influences Modernization or Internationalization usually refers to progress and/or development such as; –Western style clothes or eating (cultures) –Constitution (politics) –Capitalism (economics)

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29 Bowring Treaty (1855-1916)

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32 การแต่งกายชาวจีน สมัย ร.5

33 King Chulalongkorn 1868-1910

34 YearEventsConsequences 1840First Opium War between Britain and China Nanjing Treaty 1842 1853U.S. first arrived in JapanU.S.-Japan Treaty of Peace and Amity 1854 1855John Bowring arrived in Thailand Treaty of Friendship and Commerce between Siam and Great Britain 1856 1856Second Opium War between British and China Tianjin Treaty 1858 1858U.S. second arrived in JapanU.S.-Japan Treaty of Amity and Commerce 1858 1868Meiji and Chulalongkorn took reign started of Meiji Restoration (1868- 1912) and Chakkri Reformation (1868-1910) Selected Chronology of Western Influences in East Asia

35 Kingknown asperiod of reign Rama IYodfah1782-1809 Rama IILertlah1809-1824 Rama IIINang Klao1824-1851 Rama IVMongkut1851-1868 Rama VChulalongkorn1868-1910 Rama VIVajiravuhd1910-1925 Rama VIIPrajadipok1925-1935 Rama VIIIAnanda-Mahidon1935-1946 Rama IXPhumiphon-Aduldet1946-present Chakkri dynasty

36 Socio-Economic Development Under the Bowring Treaty end of state trade monopoly International division of labor lack of entrepreneur class less saving lead to lack or depend on foreign technology


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