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Chapter 12 – Section 5: China and the New Imperialism.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 12 – Section 5: China and the New Imperialism."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 12 – Section 5: China and the New Imperialism

2 What did Europe and China trade? ◦ China traded silk, porcelain, tea ◦ Europeans gave gold, silver, opium

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4 What was the Opium War?  Causes – British grew opium in India and traded to China for tea – many Chinese became addicted – China use silver to pay for opium → hurt economy – Chinese govt tried to ban opium, but Britain claimed free trade – Chinese complained because opium was illegal in Britain, but still sold – 1839 war → Britain easily won

5  Results – 1842 Treaty of Nanjing – China paid indemnity → payment of losses in war – Britain received Hong Kong – China opened up 5 ports to foreign trade – British citizens in China got extraterritoriality → the right to live under own laws and be tried in own courts – one of several unequal treaties that forced China to make concessions to western powers

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8 What was the Taiping Rebellion? ◦ ◦ peasants rebelled against poverty and misery ◦ leader Hong Xiuquan → wanted Heavenly Kingdom of Great Peace ◦ won control of some parts of China and almost took over Qing dynasty

9 How did China begin to reform?  Self-Strengthening Movement – 1860s reformers – imported western technology – made factories – developed shipyards, railroads, mining, industry – translated western works – not supported by govt → little progress

10  War with Japan – 1868 Japan began to modernize and join imperialism – 1894 Sino-Japanese War (China vs. Japan) – Japan won and gained Taiwan – showed China’s weakness

11  Spheres of Influence – an area where outside power has exclusive investment and trading rights – after China’s loss to Japan, western powers moved to “carve out” spheres of influence – U.S. did not but wanted to trade → Open Door Policy

12 What was the Boxer Rebellion?  Causes – 1899 secret society Righteous Harmonious Fists (used martial arts → called “Boxers” – wanted to get rid of foreigners in China – 1900 Boxers attacked foreigners – western powers and Japan made multinational force and crushed revolt

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14  Results / Effects – with defeat China had to make concessions – China realized need to westernize – New Reforms: – women allowed to attend school – taught science and math – expanded economy – nationalism spread

15 Who was Sun Yat-sen (Sun Yixian)? ◦ Chinese nationalist who studied in West ◦ made Revolutionary Alliance ◦ Goal: rebuild China on “Three Principles of the People”  Nationalism  Democracy  Livelihood – economic security ◦ Chinese Revolution ◦ 1911 became president of new Chinese Republic

16 Sun Yat-sen


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