Presentation on theme: "The United States Constitution"— Presentation transcript:
1The United States Constitution The Constitution is an agreement between the citizens of the United States and the government that the people will grant powers to the government. In return, the government is to carry out the goals of the Constitution. The Constitution is made up of different parts, which often get talked about as separate documents: the Preamble, the Articles, the Bill of Rights, and the Amendments.To keep the new government from becoming too powerful, the framers created a Limited Government. The Constitution sets limits so that citizens know what their government is allowed to do and not allowed to do. It spreads the powers out!
2(Delegated/Expressed) Principle #11. Federalism - the system where some powers of government belong only to the federal government, while others belong only to the state. government, and powers shared directly by both levels of government.The Constitution recognizes governments at TWO different levelsFederal Powers(Delegated/Expressed)State Powers(Reserved)Declare WarMaintain Armed ForcesAdmit New StatesCoin $$$$Trade w/ other nationsShared Powers(Concurrent)Establish and maintain schoolsEstablish local governmentRegulate business w/in statesMake marriage lawsMaintain Law & orderBorrow $$$Establish courts
3Principle #22. Separation of Powers - The powers of the government are divided among THREE branchesExecutiveLegislativeJudicialEnforce LawsMake LawsInterpret LawsPresidentVice PresidentExecutive DeptsCongressHouse SenateSupreme CourtsLower Courts
4Principle #33. Checks and Balances – Each of the three branches of government has ways to check, or limit the powers of the other branchesWhat checks does the executive branch have over the other two?Veto acts of CongressSuggesting lawsWhat checks does the judicial branch have over the other two?Declare laws constitutional or unconstitutionalJudicial reviewWhat checks does the legislative branch have over the other two?Impeach and remove president or officialsOverride presidential vetoPower declare war