Presentation on theme: "Five Fundamental Principles Chapter 3 Section 4. Popular Sovereignty Supreme power belongs to the people We the people… Examples: Electing the President."— Presentation transcript:
Five Fundamental Principles Chapter 3 Section 4
Popular Sovereignty Supreme power belongs to the people We the people… Examples: Electing the President
Rule of Law The law applies to everyone, even those who govern Examples: Impeachment
Separation of Powers Each branch of government performs a different function Examples: The legislative branch writes laws. The judicial branch interprets laws.
Checks & Balances Each branch of government checks the other branches Examples: The President can veto laws. Congress can override vetoes. The Supreme Court can declare a law unconstitutional.
Federalism Power is shared by the states and national government Examples: Americans must obey both state and national laws.
Dividing Power Enumerated/ Expressed Powers Reserved Powers Concurrent (Both) Powers listed in the Constitution belong to the national government. Ex. Create/Coin money Powers shared by state & national government. Ex. Both have the power to tax. Powers NOT listed in the Constitution belong to the state governments. Ex. Establish schools
What if a state law conflicts with a national law? Article VI: …shall be the supreme Law of the Land Supremacy Clause: (Article VI): the Constitution is the supreme/highest law in the land.