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The role of scientific information in sustainable Development: Focus in Latin America João Vianei Soares Director for earth observations.

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Presentation on theme: "The role of scientific information in sustainable Development: Focus in Latin America João Vianei Soares Director for earth observations."— Presentation transcript:

1 The role of scientific information in sustainable Development: Focus in Latin America João Vianei Soares Director for earth observations

2 Who we are... 03/08/61 Dec. No Creates the Organizing Committee of the National Space Activities (GOCNAE). Creates the Organizing Committee of the National Space Activities (GOCNAE). 22/04/71 Dec. No Extinguishes GOCNAE and creates the National Institute for Space Research (INPE) Extinguishes GOCNAE and creates the National Institute for Space Research (INPE) Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais - INPE

3 INPE headquaters, 2004, São José dos Campos, SP 46 years in 2007

4 Where we are:our national instalations Where we are: our national instalations INPE – Cachoeira Paulista – SP Remote Sensing Data Center CPTEC Combustion and Propulsion Lab

5 How many... Aprox employees (300 PhD, 400 MsC and Engineers, 200 Technicians, 400 staff) Aprox employees (300 PhD, 400 MsC and Engineers, 200 Technicians, 400 staff) Aprox. 350 researchers, fellowships, Contractors Aprox. 350 researchers, fellowships, Contractors 600 graduate students in 6 programs 600 graduate students in 6 programs

6 INPEs mission INPE to be one of the producers of the required science and to offer singular products and services to the benefit of mankind Brazil due to be an environmental world leader of 21th century (Rubens Ricupero)

7 INPEs mission Quality products and unique services

8 Examples of singular products for police making and society information... DETER Pará 2005

9 Nossa missão: surpreender a sociedade!

10 Pollution from burning and urban-industrial emissions Mega citiess regional scale Large scale

11 DATA INTO KNOWLEDGE SATELLITES Earth Observation, outer space and communications missions SOIL SYSTEMS Control, reception, processing and distribuition of spatial data ANALYSIS AND MODELING Space Science and Earth System Science Access to Knowledge Innovative Products to society


13 Are extreme events becoming more frequent?

14 Stronger El Niños? Photo: Juca Martins

15 When will a new hurricane hit Brasil? Catarina Hurricane (mars/2004) Imagem NASA

16 Which science? what tools? Process Modeling and supercomputing…

17 Weather and Climate Forecast

18 Bulletins PCD SCD1 SCD2 SX6 Satellite Imagery Weather forecast models Discussions Weather Forecast

19 CLIMATE DISCUSSION Vegetation Index Sea surface temperature Sazonal Forecast Supercomputer + models

20 Temperature o C CO 2 emissions Changes in temperature in Brazil for year 2050 A2-high B1-low Temperature anomaly Supercomputer + models Climate change

21 Annual Pecipitation Anomaly anual [( )- ( )] mm/dia A2 Annual temperature anomaly [( )- ( )] o C B2 dry hot

22 T min rose nearly 1 o C Average temperature rose 0,7 C in the last 50 years!

23 What caused increase in Precipitation: Natural variability or global warming? Increase in precipitation in the south of Brasil ( )

24 Source: Eduardo Assad, Embrapa Impacts on Agriculture Decrease of the potential producing area as temperature increases from 1 to 5.8 o C AtualT + 1ºCT + 3 ºCT + 5,8 ºC Increase in average temperature Potential Area (1000 km2) corn beans Rice Soybeans Coffee

25 Fate of Amazon Biomes? source: Oyama and Nobre, 2003 Green forest savanization: reaching a new equilibrium biome-clima? floresta savana caatinga campos deserto

26 ALAP BR 319 Estradas pavimentadas em 2010 Estradas não pavimentadas Rios principais Diminuição : Aumento : Diferenças no desflorestamento: Novas áreas de proteção integral Novas áreas de uso sustentável Deforestation forecast on BR 319 (Manaus-Porto Velho) in 2020 with protection areas (governace)


28 TerraCrime: Free Software for public security

29 Paranapanema Tiête Iguaçu Rio Grande Paraná Alto Paraguai Paranaíba The Paraná river basin and sub- basins

30 27/03/2004 – Fenômeno Catarina - SC 25/05/2005 – Enchentes - SP 31/08/2005 – Ciclone Extratropical - RS 24/02/2006 – Previsão para o Carnaval


32 Societal Benefits of the Space program – free data access Disasters health Energy Water Resources Climate Biodiversity Ecosystems Agriculture

33 Benefits of the Space Program to sustainable development Data and information available to society Satellite Imagery Deforestation and burning maps Weather and climate forecast Space Technology and Public Police Public domain geo-information Software Cooperation networks – health, public security, urban planning, natural disasters

34 Brazilian Network on Global Change Administration office Science office SCIENTFIC COMMITTEE EXECUTIVE SECRETARIAT STEERING COMMITEE MEMBERS OF THE STEERING COMMITTEESUB NETWORKS Chair: MCT Climate Models (INPE) Energy (COPPE) Agriculture (EMBRAPA) Biodiversity (MPEG) Health (FIOCRUZ) Human Dimensions (IEA-USP) International negotiations (MCT) Amazônia (INPA) LUCC (INPE) Ministries: Health, Agriculture, Environment, Foreign Affairs, Education, National Integration Staess: FAPESP and FAPs ( Society representation: ABC, SBPC Brazilain Forum on Climate Change

35 Brazilian remote sensing satellites Launch CBERS CBERS-2B2007 CBERS CBERS Amazonia MapSAR2012

36 LANDSAT LANDSAT MODIS2001 International satellites used for PRODES and DETER Data blackout in 2009?

37 If its written in English, must be true… Science, March

38 …and brazilian press reacts…

39 Plan Brasil as a Global EO player INPE to propose a roadmap to space technologies for to the Brazilian Space Agency -AEB Build a family of satellites to fly on the PMM Launch at least one satellite per year Sustain industrial contracts Be the mover of the Brazilian launcher project Explore potential convergence between CBERS and PMM

40 taking care of Brazils needs? Resolution Revisit WFI CB2 CCD CB2 AWFI CB3 PAN CB3 Tecnology 2008 Tecnology 2015 Tecnology CBERS-6 CBERS-5 Mapping Agriculture Mapping Deforestation Detection of Deforestation Identif Agriculture 5 Amaz-1 A1-CB3 Brasil 2015

41 Plan INPE CBERS-3CBERS-4 Amazonia-1 MAPSAR Lattes-1 CBERS-5A Amazonia-2 GPM CBERS-6A Lattes-2 Amazonia-3 CBERS-7 (SAR) CBERS-5B CBERS-6B

42 The Aqua Train Real Constellation

43 The Altimetric virtual constellation

44 A virtual Constellation: the Charter SAC-C NOAA, POES, GOES SPOT IRS ESA CSA NOAA ISRO CONAE CNES AU : Authorized user PM : Project Manager ODO : On Duty Operator ECO : On Duty Engineer RADARSAT-1 ERS-2, ENVISAT

45 CBERS 3 – 4 Sensor Configuration m WFI 73 m (860 km) MSS 40 m (120 km) CCD 20 m (120 km) MUX 10 m (60 km) PAN 5 m (60 km) Built by ChinaBuilt by Brazil

46 CBERS 3&4 Participation of National Industry - 50% of sub- sistems Structure Telecom Cameras Energy suply Industrial police: CBERS-3,4 Total of national contracts – US$150 million

47 Amazônia-1

48 Amazônia-1 (an optical payload) Global Imaging every three days when operating in tandem with CBERS-3 Provide environmental data to the planet AWFI Spectral bands m) 0,45-0,52 B 0,52-0,59 G 0,63-0,69 R 0,77-0,89 NIR Spatial resolution (m) 40 Swath (km) 780 Revisit (days) 5

49 Exemple of nacional achievements Camera MUX (OPTO) Main sensor on CBERS-3/4 CCD with 5 bands and 20 m resolution

50 MAPSAR (a light SAR) Reflector antenna PMM SAR module Antenna feeder Solar Panel subreflector, data downlink

51 Data collection system

52 Multimission Plataform (PMM) A bus to carry various Earth Observation satellites km altitude 300 kg payload e 250 kg other subsystems Replicate cost: US$ 15 milhões

53 CBERS-2 Launch (21 October 2003 ) CBERS: exemple to the world

54 Assembly and testing laboratory - LIT

55 Assembly of CBERS-2B at LIT ( )

56 Distribution of CBERS Imagery (01/05/04 a 01/03/06) Number of scenes distributed (145 Mb/image) Institutions5.200 Scenes per week2.170 Average recquired time10 min

57 CBERS USERS (%) Government23% R&D26% Private sector51%

58 What do the private sector say about CBERS imagery?... Makes systematic follow-up of projects possible – multitemporal analysis –up do date information; Increases the number of service providers – makes learning and technology use possible – opened up job opportunities; freedom of availability whenever I need the CBERS data

59 What do CBERS users say? In 2004 IBAMA realized 26 big enforcement operations based on LANDSAT. In 2005, 197 operations were made possible using CBERS imagery. With CBERS we can do more operations and faster

60 Agrobusiness management using CBERS- 2

61 Tax enforcement using CBERS-2 (SEFAZ- GO)

62 CBERS-2 CCD, Minas Gerais, Brazil

63 CBERS Distribution for neighboring countries Free distribution extended to the footprint of Cuibá ground Station

64 CBERS being considered as a potential gap filler for Landsat

65 CBERS2-B for Africa Brasil and China agreed on free data access of CBERS2-B to African countries. South Africa and Spain will use their ground stations to receive, process and distribute CBERS data. GEO offer GEOportal (web) and GEONETcast to reach the end user.


67 Thank you!!!

68 Hic sunt leones et dragones


70 fonte: Carlos Nobre Hic sunt leones et dragones

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