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International Research Center on El Niño Understanding El Niño, learning to live together… www.ciifen-int.org.

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Presentation on theme: "International Research Center on El Niño Understanding El Niño, learning to live together… www.ciifen-int.org."— Presentation transcript:

1 International Research Center on El Niño Understanding El Niño, learning to live together…

2 El Niño. From a coastal current to global phenomenon. El Niño. From a coastal current to global phenomenon. El Niño At the end the XIX Century: a warm coastal current that appeared near Christmas in Peru. Only local effects were known. At the end of the XX Century a positive anomaly of the sea surface temperature (referred to the period base ) at the region NIÑO 3.4 equal or greater than 0.5°C averaged in 3 consecutive months. Effects known are almost global. At the beginnig of the XXI Century: ¿Extremes of the Climate Variability? El Niño At the end the XIX Century: a warm coastal current that appeared near Christmas in Peru. Only local effects were known. At the end of the XX Century a positive anomaly of the sea surface temperature (referred to the period base ) at the region NIÑO 3.4 equal or greater than 0.5°C averaged in 3 consecutive months. Effects known are almost global. At the beginnig of the XXI Century: ¿Extremes of the Climate Variability?

3 El Niño – Southern Oscilation ENSO

4 Centro Internacional para la Investigación del Fenómeno de El Niño El Niño originate 100 Billion USD of losses all around the world. Only en Ecuador, the final account ranged from 3,5 to 4 Billions USD. United Nations General Assembly adopted Resolution 52/200, on December the 18th of 1997, calling for an enhacement of international cooperation to reduce the impact of such phenomenon, specially in the countries of the Pacific Ocean Bassin. Ecuador Goverment supported strongly the iniciative. The Center was based in Guayaquil (Ecuador) Why CIIFEN exists?

5 Centro Internacional para la Investigación del Fenómeno de El Niño

6 International Organization. Linked with ISDR and WMO. Open to United Nations countries and agencies. International Directorate at this moment: ISDR, WMO, Ecuador, Spain and CPPS. Objectives: Improvement on institutional actuation in front of El Niño and La Niña events in the western area of South América. Maximaze benefits when possible and minimice losses by the development and use of products taylored for sectors: agriculture, fisheries, water ressouces and public health. Increase trough research, of the global knowledge of the ENSO and climate in western southamerica. This objective shall be covered by cooperation trough a network of national and international institutions. Translation from science to applications that foster social and economic development, including reduction of disaster risks. Status and Objectives

7 Centro Internacional para la Investigación del Fenómeno de El Niño What CIIFEN is doing? Development of Early Warnig Systems on Climate Variability for Andean Region. Early Warning means few months. There is enaugh time to implement PREPARED plans. But the spatial scale of the climatic events are larger than in weather events Studies on adaptation to climate change and climate variability. Region is very sensitive to deviations from the normal behaviour of rainy and dry seasons (giving floods or droughts). Evaluations on Water Ressources in shared bassins in the Andean Region. Support to susteinable development and capacity building. Implementation of a Virtual Collaborative Environment of Research and Development (VCERD)

8 Centro Internacional para la Investigación del Fenómeno de El Niño VCERD Computational system that simultaneously allows: working of groups geographically separated, remote management of current research projects, and dissemination to society of the results of this research. Accessed trough Internet or Internet 2, taking the form of a portal. Shows different information and resources depending of the profile of the user (researcher, manager, public). Access to climate data, research studies, publications, participate in virtual discussions about models and predictions, jointly manipulate models, simulations and visualizations, and even to control laboratory equipment in a remote way. Managers are able to follow up the projects and the expenses on the different items on the budget. The general public can have access to useful climate information such as predictions, warnings and recommendations in simple language. Use of intelligent systems, automatization of climate data process, search of information on El Niño research published by other Institutions, translation of climate predictions into a simple and common language, among others. VCERD constructed in a modular form: nucleus and sectorial areas.


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