Ratio of secondary school graduates by county 2005 Decreasing number of cohorts to enter HE Central and Western regions have more secondary school graduates
Structure of HE in Hungary BA programs generally started in 2006 Radical measures to introduce multiple levels
HE institutions in Hungary 69 institutions –25 univ. –44 appl. univ. Budapest leads Regional university centers
HE institutions by maintainer Diversified ownership State maintains most of universities and bigger applied universities (college)
Planned changes in national regulation Change in entrance conditions –foreign language as a requirement –re-introducing entrance exams Change in financing –decreasing financing in absolute numbers –less weight of student numbers Change in study programs –increased role of one cycle study programs –differentiate study programs offered by research universities or universities of applied sciences
Ratio of graduates in different age groups 2008 Still not very high proportions of graduates Good opportunities in the job market Added value of graduation in salaries
Graduates in the labour market Graduates’ career opportunities have worsened, especially among freshly graduated: –longer term of the job-seeking, –unemployment rate of freshly graduated increases, –oversupply in certain fields: e.g. law, business, communication. But: –higher needs for labour in other fields: e.g. engineering, –salaries are significantly higher for graduates (highest diff. in EU), –varying needs of the labour market: some skills become more important (communication, foreign language knowledge). Unemployment rate among graduates is lower, approx. 3-5%, (average 10%)
Perceptions of employment among graduates Will you find a proper job in your profession in 1-2 years? Source: GCTS - Student Survey 2009, N=7800
HE and labour market at two levels Government actions / provisions –introducing the Bologna system, –compulsory professional internship in some fields, –establishing ‘Financial Boards’ (FB) supervising HEIs. Institutional actions –formalising labour market relations (FB, Magistrate), –joint degrees (internship, sandwich training, integrated industrial training), –joint development projects (R&D), –Career Offices: career counselling, employment agency, alumni –Graduate Career Tracking Program
Hungarian leading universities in numbers N of PhD students N Students N staff Eötvös Loránd University1.45330.3782.114 Univeristy of Debrecen85430.4181.685 University of Szeged61728.7772.131 Budapest University of Technology and Economics (BME) 62623.0681.219 University of Pécs89230.6201.874 Corvinus University of Budapest28418.031848 University of Miskolc20713.602720 Pannon University18510.478422 Szent István University25713.980667 Total of above5.709209.95412.823 National total6.911381.03322.475 Proportions to national total82.6 %55.1 %57.0 %
Budgetary comparison of CEU universities million €N Students Charles University, Prague20242.400 Warsaw University132 $56.858 Eötvös Loránd University9330.378 Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg24321.022 Humboldt-Universität Berlin25934.072 Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg28327.602 Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen38523.000 Freie Universität Berlin38031.000 Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München 38044.405 Universität Wien45174.214 J. W. Goethe-Universität Frankfurt/Main 47634.000 Technische Universität München50323.338
ELTE in a nutshell One of the most attractive universities for students: –15.109 applicants in first place (10,7% of total) – 9700 first year students (9,8% of total) Primary research potential: –1098 persons with PhD or higher scientific ranks Widespread offer in study programs –8 faculties –69 BA study programs –91 MA study programs –29 study programs in foreign languages –17 doctoral school (95 PhD programs) –32 238 courses offered simultaneously
Graduates’ perception: best institutions in their study field 1. institution 2. institution 3. institution ELTE87,313,46,1 SZTE3,231,923,0 PTE1,012,021,9 BME2,711,94,1 PPKE- 9,610,0 DE- 7,819,4 BCE1,55,24,2 KGRE1,22,33,0 SE- 2,11,4 ME- 1,62,6 EKF- - 1,2
Horizontal match between studies and job Majority of graduates find a good horizontal fit between studies and current job.
Employer type Most of graduates are employed by the public sector.