Presentation on theme: "Vice Presidents Late 1800s Seth Vander Kooi. Various Presidents : Andrew Johnson, Schuyler Colfax, Henry Wilson, William A. Wheeler, Chester A. Arthur,"— Presentation transcript:
Various Presidents : Andrew Johnson, Schuyler Colfax, Henry Wilson, William A. Wheeler, Chester A. Arthur, Thomas Hendricks, Levi P. Morton, Adlai E. Stevenson, Garret A. Hobart, Theodore Roosevelt, Charles W. Fairbanks, and James S Sherman.
Andrew Johnson Andrew Johnson was the vice president at the time of Lincoln’s assassination. He was the 17th president and was quite unfortunate to have to go up against the Radical Republicans in the Congress. He wanted quick restoration of the former confederate states. His plans didn’t include former slaves and that got him in trouble with the Republican dominated Congress. Johnson was impeached (after the trial ended) on May 16, 1868. He was impeached because of his various “mis-uses of power,” such as firing Secretary of War Edwin Stanton which violated the Tenure of Office Act which Johnson also tried to veto but the veto was overrode.
Schuyler Colfax Schuyler Colfax was the Vice President to Gen. Ulysses S. Grant. He was in office with Grant from March 4, 1869 to March 3, 1873. Colfax was also the Speaker of the House of Representatives from 1863 to 1869. He was one of the 2 people who was both Speaker of the House and Vice President (the other was John Nance Garner). Colfax tried for vice president again in the elections of 1872 but was part of the Credit Mobilier scandal of 1872 and was replaced by Henry Wilson.
Henry Wilson Henry Wilson Henry Wilson was a Massachusetts Senator from 1854- 1872 and served briefly under George McClellan as a colonel before becoming vice president (1873 -1875) He was the vice president for Ulysses S. Grant as well. Wilson was a Republican and strongly opposed to slavery. He died while he was in office on November 22, 1875.
William A. Wheeler William A. Wheeler was part of many New York state governments before being in the House of Representatives (1861-1863). He returned to office in 1875 and was appointed to a committee looking at the election in Louisiana and devised the Wheeler Compromise, which gave governmental control to both Democratic and Republican parties. At age 57 he became vice president in 1877 to Rutherford B. Hayes for 4 years.
Chester A. Arthur Chester A. Arthur was U.S senator before becoming vice president under James Garfield. He was elected with Garfield into office in 1881 as vice president and then became president after James Garfield’s assassination, whose presidency lasted just 200 days. Garfield was assassinated on September 19, 1881, making Arthur the President. Suffering from poor health Arthur was only going to be able to make a futile attempt at being re-elected, so he retired after his term.
Thomas Hendricks Thomas Hendricks was a lawyer from Indiana, and he became the 21st Vice President of the United States. His uncle served as a governor of Indiana and a Senator of the U.S. Hendricks was in the Indiana legislature (1848) and the in the U.S. House of Representatives (1850-55). He was a senator (1863-69), and the governor of Indiana 1873-77). He was the vice president of Samuel J. Tilden.
Levi P. Morton Levi P. Morton was a New York representative, governor of New York, and 22nd vice president under Benjamin Harrison. He was a republican nominee in 1880 and Garfield asked him to be his vice president, but Morton declined the offer. Instead Arthur became the 21st president instead of Morton.
Adlai E. Stevenson Adlai E. Stevenson was the 23rd vice president under Grover Cleveland after he served as a congressman of Illinois (1870s to 80s). He was also appointed the Postmaster General. When he was Postmaster he fired many republican workers and replaced them with southern democrats. In 1900 he tried to run again with William Jennings Bryan. Although unsuccessful he was the first ex-vice to ever be re-nominated with a different person.
Garret H. Hobart Garret H. Hobart was president under William McKinley, and he was the sixth vice president to die in office. Before he was vice- president he served on the New Jersey senate and the New Jersey General Assembly. He was popular in Washington; he had a good sense of humor and had a good tact. He became a close friend and advisor to McKinley. He died of heart disease at age 55 on November 21, 1899.
Theodore Roosevelt Theodore Roosevelt took Hobart’s place after Hobart’s death. He was vice president under McKinley until McKinley was assassinated about six months into second term. Roosevelt was the youngest president ever at the time at age 43. He was born to a wealthy family in New York; but struggled with health issues, causing him to live a rather strenuous life. Both his wife and mother died on the same day. He overcame this sorrow in a saddle on his Dakota ranch driving cattle. He served in the Spanish-American war as a lieutenant colonel and after the war was elected governor of New York. As president he became very involved with foreign affairs, going on the proverb “Speak softly and carry a big stick….” Although the youngest carry a big stick….” Although the youngest President ever he was one of the best prepared. He had a very vast understanding of governmental and legislative processes and executive experience. and legislative processes and executive experience. In the U.S. he believed that the federal government has a job or even an obligation to bring equality to the people. bring equality to the people.
Charles W. Fairbanks Charles W. Fairbanks served as a senator from Indiana from 1897-1905 before serving as vice-president from 1905-1909. He served under Theodore Roosevelt for all four years. Fairbanks, Alaska is named after him.
James S. Sherman James S. Sherman was vice president under William Howard Taft for three years; he took office March 4, 1909. His father was a Democrat but he broke from his father and became a Republican. He started by being elected Mayor of Utica (where he was born). Two years later he won the election into the U.S. House of Representatives. He was in the house for twenty years and worked closely with the speakers of the house at the time. He suffered from Bright’s disease and died just days before the election.
Long Depression The long depression was a worldwide economic descent from 1873-1879 that hit Europe and North America the hardest. United Kingdom was said to be hit the hardest, losing its economic lead over the continental Europe. In the Untied states it was started by the Panic of 1873. The Panic of 1873 was caused by a variety of things including post-war inflation, rampant investments (mainly railroad), and several more. It lasted a total of 65 months, (longer than the great depression which lasted 43) and 18,000 businesses went bankrupt; including many banks and ten states. Unemployment in 1878 peaked, ranging anywhere to 8.25% to 14%.