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AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE ATTACK HELICOPTERS IN THE RECONNAISSANCE ROLE LEADER TRAINING PROGRAM.

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Presentation on theme: "AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE ATTACK HELICOPTERS IN THE RECONNAISSANCE ROLE LEADER TRAINING PROGRAM."— Presentation transcript:

1 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE ATTACK HELICOPTERS IN THE RECONNAISSANCE ROLE LEADER TRAINING PROGRAM

2 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE PURPOSE PROVIDE A BASIS FOR DISCUSSION TO ADDRESS TTPs FOR EMPLOYMENT OF ATTACK HELICOPTERS IN THE RECONNAISSANCE ROLE

3 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE BLUF SUCCESSFUL RECONNAISSANCE IS THE PRECURSOR TO ALL SUCCESSFUL OPERATIONS. FM 100-5

4 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE AGENDA RECONNAISSANCE DEFINITIONS FUNDAMENTALS OF RECONNAISSANCE MISSIONS PLANNING EXECUTION CONCLUSION

5 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE RECONNAISSANCE DEFINITIONS RECONNAISSANCE IS A DIRECTED EFFORT TO COLLECT INFORMATION ABOUT ENEMY AND THE FRIENDLY COMMANDERS AREA OF OPERATIONS. FM RECONNAISSANCE IS A MISSION UNDERTAKEN TO OBTAIN INFORMATION BY VISUAL OBSERVATION, OR OTHER DETECTION METHODS, ABOUT THE ACTIVITIES AND RESOURCES OF AN ENEMY, OR ABOUT THE METEOROLOGIC, HYDROGRAPHIC, OR GEOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS OF A PARTICULAR AREA. FM THE MAIN PURPOSE OF RECONNAISSANCE IS TO GAIN INFORMATION OF TACTICAL IMPORTANCE ABOUT THE ENEMY, TERRAIN, AND WEATHER. FM 1-114

6 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE MORRGD FUNDAMENTALS OF RECONNAISSANCE MORRGD M CONTINUOUS AND MAXIMUM RECONNAISSANCE FORCES FORWARD O ORIENT ON THE RECONNAISSANCE OBJECTIVE R REPORT INFORMATION RAPIDLY AND ACCURATELY R RETAIN FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT G GAIN AND MAINTAIN ENEMY CONTACT D DEVELOP THE SITUATION RAPIDLY

7 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE GAIN AND MAINTAIN ENEMY CONTACT PARAMOUNT TASK FOR RECONNAISSANCE UNITS MUST DETERMINE SIZE, COMPOSITION, STRENGTH, AND INTENTIONS OF ENEMY FORCES SURVEILLANCE COMBINED WITH STEALTH IS THE PRIMARY TECHNIQUE, COUPLED WITH TARGET HANDOVERS TO ASSETS IN DEPTH FIRE AND MOVEMENT IS UTILIZED IAW METT-T ONCE GAINED, CONTACT IS NOT BROKEN IF YOU DONT HOLD THE ENEMY BY THE NOSE, YOU CANT KICK HIM IN THE ASS. PATTON

8 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE ORIENT ON THE RECONNAISSANCE OBJECTIVE COMMANDERS FOCUS THEIR RECON EFFORTS THROUGH RECON OBJECTIVES CLEAR TASK AND PURPOSE IS DELINEATED TO THE SCOUTS RECONNAISSANCE OBJECTIVES MAY BE TERRAIN OR ENEMY ORIENTED ASSIGNED WITH THE LOOKERS / SHOOTERS CAPABILITIES AND LIMITATIONS IN MIND IPB AND PIRs HELP IDENTIFY THE COMMANDERS RECON OBJECTIVES

9 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE ORIENT ON THE RECONNAISSANCE OBJECTIVE COMMANDERS MUST REMAIN FOCUSED ON THE RECON OBJECTIVE REGARDLESS OF WHAT IS ENCOUNTERED DURING THE MISSION. FM /17-95/1-114 THOSE WHO DO NOT KNOW THE CONDITIONS OF THE MOUNTAINS AND FORESTS, HAZARDOUS DEFILES, MARSHES AND SWAMPS, CANNOT CONDUCT THE MARCH OF AN ARMY. SUN TZU (CONTD)

10 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE RETAIN FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT RECONNAISSANCE ASSETS MUST BE ABLE TO MANEUVER ON THE BATTLEFIELD SCOUTS MUST NOT BECOME DECISIVELY ENGAGED INITIATIVE, TERRAIN, AND KNOWLEDGE OF THE ENEMY FACILITATES MANEUVER PRIMARY MEANS OF RECONNAISSANCE IS BY STEALTH COMMANDERS MANEUVER THEIR FORCES TO CREATE THE CONDITIONS FOR TACTICAL AND OPERATIONAL SUCCESS. FM 100-5

11 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE REPORT INFORMATION RAPIDLY AND ACCURATELY RECONNAISSANCE INFORMATION LOSES VALUE AS TIME PASSES COMMANDERS REQUIRE INFORMATION QUICKLY TO MAKE DECISIONS SCOUTS MUST REPORT EXACTLY WHAT THEY SEE NEGATIVE SPOT REPORTS OR SEEMINGLY UNIMPORTANT INFORMATION MAY BE CRITICAL TO THE FIGHT

12 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE REPORT INFORMATION RAPIDLY AND ACCURATELY IPB AND CCIR DELINEATE TO THE SCOUTS WHAT THE RECONNAISSANCE FOCUS IS FOR REPORTING BATTLE AND TARGET HANDOVERS ARE CRITICAL FOR INFORMATION FLOW AND SUSTAINMENT OF EFFORT FM / (CONTD) TELL THE TRUTH ABOUT WHAT YOU SEE AND WHAT YOU DO. THERES AN ARMY DEPENDING ON US FOR CORRECT INFORMATION. STANDING ORDER, ROGERS RANGERS

13 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE DEVELOP THE SITUATION RAPIDLY QUICK SITUATION DEVELOPMENT FACILITATES RECONNAISSANCE RECON ASSETS MUST DEPLOY IMMEDIATELY UPON CONTACT MUST AGGRESSIVELY SCOUT FOR GAPS, WEAKNESS, AND FLANKS OF ENEMY RECONNAISSANCE BY FIRE MAY BE NECESSARY TO GAIN REQUIRED INFORMATION MUST HAVE BATTLE DRILLS AND SOPs THAT ADDRESS ACTIONS ON CONTACT FIRE AND MANEUVER

14 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE AIRCRAFT CAPABILITIES WEAPONS SUPPRESSIONPOINT TGTFLIRDTV TGT REC FLIRDTV TGT ACQ ENDURANCEAIRCRAFT 30MM 2.75 RKT HELLFIRE 2 HR 10 MIN6.5 KM3.5 KM 6.0 KM 8.0 KM AH-64A W/ 1 AUX TANK3 HR 40 MIN UHF/VHF/ SINCGARS (127X) HELLFIRE 2 HR 10 MIN 50 CAL 2.75 RKT 8+ KM 5.0 KM OH-58D KW UHF/VHF/ SINCGARS (25X)(37.3X) (39.8X) 72 MIN VIDEO RECORD 8MM VIDEO RECORD

15 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE MISSIONS RECONNAISSANCE –ZONE –AREA –ROUTE –RECON IN FORCE

16 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE PLANNING

17 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE BATTALION PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS CDRS INTENT CRITICAL TASKS TO BE ACCOMPLISHED TASK ORGANIZATION START POINT, RELEASE POINT, AND DESIGNATION OF THE OBJECTIVE MISSION CONSTRAINTS/RESTRICTIONS CRITICAL POINTS IDENTIFIED AS CHECKPOINTS NAIs IPB FARP EMPLOYMENT

18 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE BATTALION PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS GROUND COMMANDERS SCHEME OF MANEUVER LOCATION OF FRIENDLIES FIRE (FA, MORTARS, CAS) CCIRs FOLLOW-ON MISSION PASSAGE OF LINES / BHO (CONTD)

19 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE R&S PLANNING NORMALLY PLANNED BY THE S2 AND COORDINATED WITH THE S3 TO CONFIRM OR DENY THE S2s TEMPLATING TREND: R&S PLANNING NOT FOCUSED TREND REVERSAL - APPOINT CHIEF OF RECONNAISSANCE WHO IS NOT THE S2 OR S3, BUT HAS TASKING AUTHORITY RECOMMEND A/S3 AS CHIEF OF RECON PLANNING CELL INCLUDES A/S2, A/FSO, A/S4 CHIEF OF RECON RESPONSIBLE FOR PLAN/PREPARATION/EXECUTION OF RECON EFFORT

20 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE R&S PLANNING INTELLIGENCE REQUIREMENTS ARE PRIORITIZED FOR R&S MISSIONS AND REFINED AS SPECIFIC INSTRUCTION ORDERS ECONOMY OF EFFORT IS NECESSARY WHEN REQUIREMENTS OUTWEIGH ASSETS S2 PLANS SECONDARY REQUIREMENTS FOR ALL ASSETS (CONTD) COMMANDERS MUST FOCUS INTELLIGENCE. THEY MUST DECIDE WHAT THEY NEED TO KNOW FOR THE OPERATION TO SUCCEED. THIS INCLUDES ESTABLISHING CLEAR PRIORITIES FOR INTELLIGENCE AND TARGETS. MY GOAL WAS TO LIMIT MY QUESTIONS TO SIX. GENERAL FREDRICK FRANKS JR.

21 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE PLANNING TREND REVERSAL AIR / GROUND INTEGRATION C2 RELATIONSHIP OF AIR / GROUND TROOPS... NORMALLY SQDNs HAVE CONTROL. AIR / GROUND TEAMS MAY BE FORMED AS NECESSARY DURING THE MISSION AIR TROOP ROTATION PLAN AND MISSIONS GROUND TROOP MISSIONS CRITICAL TASKS TO BE PERFORMED BY EACH AIR AND GROUND ELEMENT

22 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE PLANNING TREND REVERSAL FIRE SUPPORT PLANNING OBSERVER PLAN COMMUNICATIONS PLAN FROM OBSERVER TO FSO FIRE SUPPORT COORDINATION MEASURES TARGETING PROCESS TASK AND PURPOSE OF EACH TARGET (CDRS CONCEPT / INTENT FOR FIRES)

23 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE PLANNING TREND REVERSAL COMMANDERS GUIDANCE / INTENT CRITICAL TASKS TO BE ACCOMPLISHED ENGAGE / BYPASS CRITERIA TASK AND PURPOSE OF RECONNAISSANCE FORCE / SECURITY FORCE

24 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE CONTROL MEASURES LATERAL BOUNDARIES START POINT (SP) CONTACT POINTS (CP) COORDINATION POINTS CHECK POINTS PASSAGE POINTS (PP) LINE-OF-DEPARTURE (LD) BATTLE HANDOVER LINE AIR CORRIDOR PHASE LINES (PL) TRPs TIRS LIMIT-OF-ADVANCE (LOA) NAIs

25 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE CONTROL MEASURES A B BC LD/BHL PL MIKE PL PETE (LOA) LD/BHL PL MIKE PL PETE (LOA) SP RP 20 SP

26 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE LOA LD LOA RECON FORCE HA/FAA BATTALION EMPLOYMENT TECHNIQUES

27 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE LOA LD LOA RECON FORCES AB HA/FAA BATTALION EMPLOYMENT TECHNIQUES

28 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE LOA LD LOA RECON FORCES ABBC BATTALION EMPLOYMENT TECHNIQUES

29 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE COMPANY PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS BATTALION TASK ORGANIZATION OPTICS AND WEAPONS RANGES OF AIRCRAFT WEAPONS LOAD STATION TIME VS WEAPONS LOAD RELIEF / BHO PLAN ALL CONSIDERATIONS FOR THE BATTALION

30 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE WEAPONS LOAD WEAPONS SHOULD BE CONFIGURED TO PROVIDE SUPPRESSIVE FIRES TO ALLOW FREEDOM TO MANEUVER AND INCREASED STATION TIME

31 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE ACTIONS ON CONTACT DEPLOY / REPORT DEVELOP THE SITUATION CHOOSE COA RECOMMEND COA

32 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE RECONNAISSANCE METHODS STEALTH AGGRESSIVE RECON

33 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE EXECUTION

34 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE ZONE \ AREA RECONNAISSANCE CRITICAL TASKS RECONNOITER ALL TERRAIN WITHIN THE ZONE / AREA INSPECT AND EVALUATE BRIDGES WITHIN THE ZONE / AREA FIND AND REPORT ALL ENEMY FORCES WITHIN THE ZONE / AREA LOCATE ALL FORDS AND CROSSING SITES LOCATE ALL MINES AND OBSTACLES WITHIN THE ZONE / AREA LOCATE BYPASSES AROUND BUAs, OBSTACLES, AND CONTAMINATED AREAS REPORT RECONNAISSANCE INFORMATION

35 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE ZONE RECONNAISSANCE LOA PL LD PL LOA LD NAI

36 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE AREA RECONNAISSANCE ALT LZ PAM LZ SUE OBJ GOLD PL LD PL

37 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE ROUTE RECONNAISSANCE CRITICAL TASKS RECON AND DETERMINE TRAFFICABILITY OF THE ROUTE RECON ALL TERRAIN THE ENEMY CAN USE TO DOMINATE MOVEMENT ALONG THE ROUTE RECON ALL BUAs ON THE ROUTE RECON ALL LATERAL ROUTES INSPECT AND EVALUATE BRIDGES AND FORDS

38 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE ROUTE RECONNAISSANCE CRITICAL TASKS RECON ALL DEFILES, OBSTACLES, AND BARRIERS LOCATE BYPASSES FOR ALL OBSTACLES AND BUAs FIND / REPORT ALL ENEMY THAT INFLUENCES ROUTE REPORT ROUTE INFORMATION (CONTD)

39 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE ROUTE RECONNAISSANCE SP RP LOA PL LD PL

40 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE RECON IN FORCE HA/FAA

41 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE MOVEMENT TO CONTACT EA SMASH

42 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE CONCLUSION RECONNAISSANCE IS A MISSION, NOT A PLATFORM ATTACK HELICOPTERS PROVIDE A MAJOR CONTRIBUTION TO RECONNAISSANCE THROUGH FLEXIBILITY, SPEED, OPTICS, AND FIREPOWER PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS MUST INCLUDE ORGANIC WEAPONS RANGES AND OPTICS CAPABILITIES/LIMITATIONS R&S PLANNING IS THE KEY TO SUCCESS

43 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE ENGAGEMENT TECHNIQUES SECURITY REMOTE SHOOTERS SCOUT DESIGNATORS LEADWING RED TM FIRES FOR LEAD SCOUT BLUE TM FIRES FOR WING SCOUT SCOUTs PROVIDE FIRE DISTRIBUTION USING TRP 30

44 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE ENGAGEMENT TECHNIQUES SECURITY REMOTE SHOOTERS LEADRED TM FIRES FOR LEAD SCOUT BLUE TM FIRES FOR CHALK 3 SCOUT SCOUT PLT LDR CONTROLS FIRE DISTRIBUTION USING TRPs 20 & 30 AND IS RESPONSIBLE FOR FIRE SUPPORT PLT LDR

45 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE ENGAGEMENT TECHNIQUES REMOTE SHOOTERS LEAD WING AH-64D LEAD LBA W/RADAR SCANS EA WING LBA W/RADAR PROVIDES SECURITY AND SCANS IN ATM

46 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE ENGAGEMENT TECHNIQUES REMOTE SHOOTERS LEAD WING AH-64D PF1PF2OWNPF4PF5PF6 LEAD LBA W/RADAR ASSIGNS PRIORITY FIRE ZONES AND TRANSMITS TO LBA W/O RADAR FOR RF MSL REMOTE ENGAGEMENTS PF1PF2 OWNPF4 PF5PF6

47 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE MOVEMENT TECHNIQUES TRAVELING TMs TOGETHER IN COMPANY FORMATION TMs SEPARATE IN COMPANY FORMATION

48 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE MOVEMENT TECHNIQUES TRAVELING OVERWATCH LOA HVY PLT OVERWATCHS LT PLTs MOVE FORWARD LT PLT MOVES FORWARD

49 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE MOVEMENT TECHNIQUES BOUNDING OVERWATCH LOA HVY PLT OVERWATCHS LT PLTs BOUND SUCCESSIVE LT PLT BOUNDS FORWARD

50 AVIATION TRAINERS TRAIN THE FORCE MOVEMENT TECHNIQUES BOUNDING OVERWATCH ALTERNATING LOA LT TM SETS, THEN OVERWATCHES HVY TMs BOUND HVY TM WAITS FOR LT TM TO CALL SET, THEN BOUNDS


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