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  Demands  North- manpower, industrial, merchant marine  South- Defend, friendly population, knew land Concept of Total War.

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Presentation on theme: "  Demands  North- manpower, industrial, merchant marine  South- Defend, friendly population, knew land Concept of Total War."— Presentation transcript:

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2   Demands  North- manpower, industrial, merchant marine  South- Defend, friendly population, knew land Concept of Total War

3   Lincoln  Low experience-great politician, good judge of people  Follow Anaconda plan  Blockades and cut off like an anaconda  Suspended writ of habeas corpus  Suppress influence of confederacy  Davis  Educated-stubborn, total control leadership

4   Lincoln first year-states problem  Crittenden Resolution- war fought to “defend and maintain constitution (Jacksonian) and preserve union”  Revoked 5months later  Confiscation act- slave confederates be free in union hands  2 nd confiscation act- slaves of anyone would be freed if in Federal custody  Lincoln still pushed for gradual emancipation Emancipation Proclamation

5   Why emancipate?  Confident boarder states would stay  Weaken confederate military  Make it an issue of freedom  Proclamation  All slaves freed unless seceded states return by Jan  Put in place excluded union slave states, those under union control, TN  Felt no right to apply to these not in rebellion

6   Europe backs Union  Redefined the war not to save the union but to create a new nation  Slavery disintegrated- challenge white authority  Life was difficult for freedmen  Refugee  Contraband caps  Military employment  Plantation life returns for many Reaction to Emancipation Proclamation

7   New economy  Prices increase  Cotton decreases, grain and livestock increase  Biggest problem is food  My mind on my money and my money on my mind  Taxation and impressment  Inflation  Conscription Law  Davis  Suspends writ of habeas corpus  Martial Law Confederate Home Front

8   Economy  Income taxes, tariffs, excise fees, bonds  Economy boomed but wages decreased  Corruption and fraud- take advantage of govt. contracts  Opportunities open for women  Lincoln  Suspension of writ of habeas corpus  Expanded power  Ex parte Milligan  Drafting- issue of substitutes and commutation fee Union Home Front

9   Morals decline- prostitution, drinking, gambling  Rich man’s war poor man’s fight Both

10   Volunteers- rid slavery, fight, defend North or South  Camp life  Strict- routine  Disease, lack of medical care  Decline in morals/push for religious peace  Change in battle- technology (musket to rifle)  Effect of total war on human mind Soldier life

11   confederate lose at Gettysburg and Vicksburg  Grant success at Anaconda Plan through Sherman  Sherman’s capture of Atlanta help Lincoln's re-election  Lincoln's Election 1864  Clear fight would continue until reunion and abolition of slavery  13 th amendment  Davis tries to abolish slavery for recognition from G.B.  South civilian moral dives  Surrender at Appomattox April 4 th 1865 Defeat of Confederacy

12   Death toll  Southern wealth lost  Stimulated industrialism-creates national industries  Politically- increased federal government power  Dems loose influence  Jacksonian view of INDIVISIBLE Nation  Spiritual cost  Sectional bitterness  Tolerance of corruption  Decrease in morals- focus on science, order, materialism Impact of war


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