Presentation on theme: "16.3-A Call to Freedom 16.4-Life During the Civil War"— Presentation transcript:
116.3-A Call to Freedom 16.4-Life During the Civil War
2Emancipation Proclamation Page 473 Originally main goal for Union was to preserve Union.Republican Party, including Lincoln wanted to only prevent the expansion of slaveryAttitudes about slavery began to change in the North.
3Read page 474 Response from Lincoln about pressure to declare an end to slavery
4Emancipation Proclamation Many Northerners felt that slavery was helping the war effort in the SouthSlaves raised crops to feed armiesThey dug trenches for the Confederates protection in battles
5Emancipation Proclamation Lincoln wanted to wait until the right moment to emancipate all slaves in the SouthThe win at Battle of Antietam was the right moment.
6Effects of Proclamation Applied only to areas that the Confederacy controlled.Did not actually free anyoneLincoln hoped that the slaves would hear of this proclamation and would encourage them to run away.
7Joyful response Many Abolitionist greeted news with joy. Britain and France decided to withhold recognition of the ConfederacyCongress started to prepare a constitutional amendment to abolish slaveryHowever, the 13th Amendment is not passed until 1865
8Fredrick Douglass 1864“The Emancipation Proclamation is the greatest event of our nation’s history”.
9As news of the proclamation spread throughout the Confederacy, thousands of slaves fled to freedom. The proclamation established that the war was being fought not only to preserve the Union, but to end slavery. Few enslaved people were freed by the action, however.
10African Americans in War Lincoln decided to permit African Americans to join the Union armyBy end of the war 1/6th of enslaved persons fled to the UnionAfrican Americans were never allowed to fight in the Confederacy.
11African American Soldiers By end of war, 10% of the army and 18% of the Navy was African Americans.They received lower pay than white soldiers/sailors. In 1864, they began to receive equal pay.
1216:4 Life During the Civil War An American Story: page 478Reality of War: New rifles with greater accuracy helped create thousands of casualties in each battle.Medical facilities were overwhelmed.
13Reality of War Faced with horrors, many men deserted. 11:1 Union 8:1 ConfederateConfederates suffered from lack of food and supplies which led to starvationHow can you fight a war when you can’t feed the troops?
14Women and the War Men off to war, women took over their jobs They helped roll bandages, wove blankets and made ammunition.They raised money for suppliesTook over home responsibilities
15Clara BartonFamous nurse that goes on to establish American Red Cross
16Opposition to the War: Copperheads Northern Democrats split into two groupsPeace Democrats wanted to negotiate with Confederacy. Known as CopperheadsCopperheads fed on fear of the public about racists beliefsTheir support grew after a defeat on the battlefield.
17Habeas corpusGuarantees accused individuals the right to a hearing before being jailed.Lincoln suspended habeas corpus several times during the war.Why?
18Enlistments Decline Draft: Requires men to serve in the army. Both North and South required draft
19UnionEncouraged enlistment by offering bounties: Payments to encourage volunteersMarch 1863, North turned to a draftCould avoid the draft by hiring a substitute or by paying the government $300Protest over draft law: New York riots killed more than 100 people. Troops were called out to end riot.
20South Davis suspended habeas corpus too. His actions outraged Southerners who feared that they would lose the liberties they were fighting for in this war.
21Economy North coped much better than South Both North and South financed war by borrowing money, increasing taxes (North income tax) and printing money (North Greenbacks)North: 2 BillionSouth: 700 million