Presentation on theme: "Civil War Objectives 1)Identify and explain 2 key advantages of both North and South 2)Identify and explain the importance of 2 major battles of the war."— Presentation transcript:
1Civil WarObjectives1)Identify and explain 2 key advantages of both North and South2)Identify and explain the importance of 2 major battles of the war3) Evaluate the Emancipation Proclamation and whether it achieved the goal of ending slavery in America.
2North/Union vs. South/Confederacy North’s AdvantagesSouth’s AdvantagesNavy- can blockade S. to stop European supportIndustry- North can make war materials (guns, clothes, trains)Dollars- N. has 4x’s the wealth of SouthPopulation- 30 mil. in N vs. 8 mil. Whites in S.?Which advantage is most important? Why?Defensive War- South does not have to take landOfficers- planter’s sons educated at military schoolsRevolution/Freedom- S. believes in it’s causeN. Disadvantage- can N. overcome distances to invade S.?Which advantage is most important to South
3Border States- Slave States that stayed in the Union (considered first Union victory) MarylandHabeas Corpus suspendedKentuckyInvaded by Union forcesWest VirginiaImportance of Border StatesPopulationFood ProductionTransportation
4EXIT TICKET Objectives 1)Identify and explain 2 key advantages of both North and South.
5Civil WarObjectivesIdentify and explain the importance of 2 major battles of the war
64 Major Battles of the CWFort Sumter(Apr 1861)1st shots fired, 33 hoursUpper South Secedes?Why does the Upper South secede after Fort Sumter?1St Bull Run- 1st major battle30K Union vs. 22K SouthN. belief- war will be easySpectators watchS. Rout- N. beaten?What Southern advantage allowed S. to win this battle?Total War- total destruction of enemy (N. realizes that is how to beat S. and slavery)
7War in the West Gen. Ulysses S. Grant- most important Union General Character- poor student, alcoholic, failure in civilian lifePositives- photogenic memory, understood total warfare (destroying enemies will to fight, wear down enemy*? Would you want this guy as your leader?3. Battle of Shiloh- 1st total war battle (23,000 casualties in 2 days)*What does this battle show about the south and their attitude towards war?
84. Battle of Antietam- bloodiest 1 day battle in US history (23K casualties) Gen. Lee Invades Maryland/ North (North has been losing for two years, Lee hoping to get Europe to support South by making S. CW victory look inevitable)Why is this a mistake for S?S. battle Plans- found by Northern soldierWhat advantage does the north have?What advantage does the South have?Lee escapesN. won the battle but was the North really victorious? Explain?
10Emancipation Proclamation ?What was the purpose of the Civil War for Union?Antietam victory allowed the N. to feel it could win the CW“All slaves in areas of rebellion of free”?How many slaves did the EP free??Why is the EP important? How does EP change the nature of the CW?Add answer to notes!
11Exit Ticket Objectives Identify and explain the importance of 2 major battles of the war
12Gettysburg and Vicksburg- two battles that allow the North to win the CW Vicksburg- city that held control of Miss. RiverGen. Grant fights a 3 week battle and destroys city of Vicks.Cuts S. in halfHow is this an example of Total Warfare?Gettysburg-Lee invades N againWhy is Lee at a disadvantage?Losses N- 23K, S 28K (1/3 of Lee’s troops)Why is this battle such a devastating defeat for S. and not so much for the North?
13Election of 1864- only time a country has held a Presidential election during a Civil War Lincoln/Union Party- unites republicans and pro-war DemsAndrew Johnson (Tn/D) Vice-President?Why is the Vice-President so important?McClellan/Democrats- says war is a failure and Union should quitSherman captures Atlanta- shows Union is winningArmy vote- overwhelmingly support Lincoln?What does troop vote show about their opinion on CW?Emancipation- Electing Lincoln means slavery will be abolished ?WHY?13th Amendment- abolishes slavery
14Impact of War Appomattox Courthouse- Apr. 1865 Lee surrenders to Grant Cost of WarLives- 600,000 dead$20 bil (10x’s value of all slaves in South)Industrialization- N. built factories to provide for warCreates an industrial base that will make US a world economic power in late 1800’sNationalism “The Unites States”Spiritual- S. hurt, beaten, and humiliatedIs making the S. feel bad for once having slaves the right course of action? Should the S. be punished?Who will the S. take their anger out on?
15Exit TicketEvaluate the Emancipation Proclamation and whether it achieved the goal of ending slavery in America.