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HYDROGEN GENERATOR TYPE GIP™ 3 Independent Chemical process very easily used Gas reserve possible Especially adapted to isolated areas Reliable.

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Presentation on theme: "HYDROGEN GENERATOR TYPE GIP™ 3 Independent Chemical process very easily used Gas reserve possible Especially adapted to isolated areas Reliable."— Presentation transcript:

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2 HYDROGEN GENERATOR TYPE GIP™ 3 Independent Chemical process very easily used Gas reserve possible Especially adapted to isolated areas Reliable

3 DESCRIPTION Chemical hydrogen generator GIP ™ 3 Closing assembly And draw off valve Set of accessories:  1 bucket13 litres  1 Straight funnel  1 bent funnel  1 silicon basket3 m 3  1 shovel  1 poker  1 brass brush  1 spanner12”  1 neoprene protective gloves  1 protective goggle  1 earthing device

4 OPERATING PRINCIPLE Chemical hydrogen generator type GIP™ 3   The process of hydrogen production with the GIP™ 3 generators is based on the attack of silicon by the caustic soda in aqueous solution under pressure and high temperature.   Its production per cartridge is 3 m 3 of hydrogen (measured in conditions at 15 °C and 760 mm of mercury).   The caustic soda undergoes the action of pure silicon in autoclave.   Pressure is produced by the reaction itself, which is not reversible.   A local rise in temperature enables the liquid to reach a temperature high enough to compensate fully the retarding action of the pressure and to insure that the pure silicon is completely attacked.   The hydrogen is stored into the cylinder at high pressure.

5 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS Chemical hydrogen generator type GIP™ 3 HYDROGEN GENERATOR Hydrogen production 3 m 3 /GIP™ reactive cartridge Hydrogen purity 99.8 ± 0.1% Outlet pressure 0 to 130 Bar Storage pressure 160 Bar max. Operating temperature 280 °C (536°F) max. Outlet gas temperature 40 °C (104°F) UTILITIES Mains- Water13Liter

6 GIP ™ REACTIVE CARTRIDGE The GIP™ 3 type hydrogen generator cartridges are stored in waterproof metal boxes made of quantitative dosage of: alkaline cartridge, priming cartridge, granulated silicon cartridge. A manipulation allows the generation of 3 Nm3 of hydrogen volume within 30 minutes.

7 GIP ™ REACTIVE CARTRIDGES COMPOSITION  1 GIP ™ alkaline cartridge  1 GIP ™ priming cartridge  1 GIP ™ silicon cartridge IDENTIFICATION  GIP ™ alkaline cartridge Eutectic mixture of caustic soda and caustic potash  GIP™ priming cartridge Pure silicon powder form  GIP™ silicon cartridge Pure silicon grain form  Customs tariffs J W  NATO Code

8 3 m 3 of hydrogen produced in less than 10 minutes 3 m 3 of hydrogen produced in less than 10 minutes No electricity required No electricity required No specific quality of water required No specific quality of water required Very few solid residues after the reaction Very few solid residues after the reaction Low and easy maintenance Low and easy maintenance Life time of the cylinder up to 30 years Life time of the cylinder up to 30 years Equipment in accordance with the European regulations in force Equipment in accordance with the European regulations in force MAINS ADVANTAGES

9 ELECTROLYZER TYPE BP-MP Independent Noiseless Automatic Safe Reliable

10  The hydrogen and oxygen are produced at atmospheric pressure by one or several electrolysis cell serial connected  Each electrolysis cell is made of one anode electrode (oxygen production), one cathode electrode (hydrogen production) and one diaphragm (separation of oxygen and hydrogen).  The oxygen produced is directly evacuated into the atmosphere.  The hydrogen is stored at 5 millibars in the movable bell of the gasholder which is filled when gas is produced.  When the bell is full, the hydrogen is transferred from the gasholder to a storage tank by means of a hydrogen compressor.  The compressor automatically stops as soon as the gasholder bell is empty.  The compressor automatically re-starts when the gasholder bell is full and then stops; the same operating principle occurs until the complete filling of the storage tank.  The system will restart automatically after the filling of a second balloon in order to maintain full the hydrogen tank.  A water treatment system including a 20-liter demineralized water tank allows to make the periodical electrolyte level in the electrolysis cells. H2 GENERATOR TYPE BPMP

11 HYDROGEN GENERATOR Hydrogen production flow rate0,1 à 10m 3 /h Oxygen production flow rate0,05 à 5m 3 /h Electrical consumption≈ 5,00KWh/Nm 3 H 2 Hydrogen purity99,9 ± 0,1% Oxygen purity99,6 ± 0,3% H2 electrolyser pressure outletAtmospheric H2 storage pressure4 to 10Bar Operating temperature65°C H2 outlet gas temperature40 °C Operating intensity230 to 900A. DC Operating voltage2,3 ± 0,5%V. DC UTILITIES Main power supply220/400VAC x 3 Fréquency50/60Hz Required power0,9 to 85kVA H2 GENERATOR TYPE BPMP

12 H2 3 O2 vent To H2 storage Water treatment unit Customer water supply H2 vent Limit switches (4) rectifier Electrolyser Gas holder Surge tanks & Hydraulic valves Compressor Discharge solenoid valve Non return valve Pressure switch H2 Mist eliminator H2 GENERATOR TYPE BPMP

13 Anode Cathode Diaphragm Electrolyte level Electrolyte drain Demineralised Water filling Hydrogen outlet Oxygen outlet Oxygen compartment Hydrogen compartment Electroliytic solution ELECTROLYSIS CELL H2 GENERATOR TYPE BPMP

14 Instantaneous starting of the production Modulation of the production from 0 to 100% Starting / shutdown entirely static and automatic Automatic restart of the unit in case of mains opening even prolonged System control entirely electronic Operation 24 hours/day continuously On-line hydrogen analysis, slave to the system Skid-frame mounting offering: -low space requirement -quick and easy installation Reduced and easy maintenance Electrolysis cells lifetime of 20 years Equipments in accordance with the regulations in force ADVANTAGES

15 H2 GENERATOR TYPE MP8

16 H2 generator type MP 8 Instantaneous hydrogen production Starting of stop sequences fully static and automatic Pressurized hydrogen production without any compression system Modulation of the H2 production from 0 to 100% Operation 24 hours per day and continuously Automatic gases depressurization in case of mains openings higher than 30 minutes Automatic restarting of the unit in case of mains opening even prolunged On-line analizer slave to the system Automatic filling cells with demineralised water Low and easy maintenance Easy system for electrolysis cell handling Electrolysis cells lifetime 20 years Buzzer alarm for signalisation Explosion proof and tropicalised Equipment in fully compliance with the rules in force

17 H2 GENERATOR TYPE MP8 H2 generator type MP 8  The hydrogen and oxygen are produced at atmospheric pressure directly under pressure by two electrolysis cells serial connected.  The electrolysis cell is made of one anode electrode (oxygen production), one cathode electrode (hydrogen production) and one diaphragm (separation of oxygen and hydrogen).  The hydrogen and oxygen produced are directly steered to a pressure balancer.  The pressure balancer has 4 level control probes, each of them having a role:  Safety by oxygen overpressure  sign of leak in the hydrogen circuit  Safety by hydrogen overpressure  sign of leak in the oxygen circuit  Oxygen / hydrogen pressure relief  necessary for the automatic recovery of the electrolyte levels inside the cells  Level control  cyclic extraction of the oxygen into the atmosphere  The hydrogen produced is directly transferred towards the storage tank through a weir and a sized hole allowing a flexible and homogenous filling.  The equipment automatically starts again after the filling of a second balloon so as to fill again the storage tank.  The periodical electrolyte level in the cells is automatically restored by adjunction of demineralized water.

18 H2 GENERATOR TYPE MP8 HYDROGEN GENERATOR Hydrogen production flow rate0,5 m 3 /h Oxygen production flow rate0,25 m 3 /h Electrical consumption≈ 5,00KWh/Nm 3 H 2 Hydrogen purity99,9 ± 0,1% Oxygen purity99,6 ± 0,3% Electrolyser outlet pressure0 à 8Bar Storage pressure8Bar Operating temperature65°C Outlet gases temperature40°C Operating intensity580A. DC Operating voltage2,5 ± 0,5%V. DC UTILITIES Main power supply220/400VAC / x 3 Fréquency50/60Hz Required power5,5 kVa H2 generator type MP 8

19 5 Oxygène Évent oxygène Égout Vers stockage H Eau potable H2 Hydrogène H 2 draw-off Potable water 1 – Electrolysis cell 2 – Gas balancer 3 – H 2 particles filter 4 – O 2 particles filter 5 – H 2 storage 6 – Gas analyzer 7 – Water treatment unit OPERATING BLOCK DIAGRAM Oxygen vent

20 O 2 outlet H 2 outlet Demineralized water inlet 1 - Anode 2 - Cathode 3 - Diaphragm asbestos-free 4 – Cooling vane ELECTROLYSIS CELL

21 Instantaneous starting of the production Modulation of the production from 0 to 100% Starting / shutdown entirely static and automatic Automatic restart of the unit in case of mains opening even prolonged System control entirely electronic Operation 24 hours/day continuously On-line hydrogen analysis, slave to the system Skid-frame mounting offering: -low space requirement -quick and easy installation Reduced and easy maintenance Electrolysis cells lifetime of 20 years Equipments in accordance with the regulations in force ADVANTAGES

22 OTHER PRODUCTS ON DEMAND Gas analysis station Hydrogen plant for industry High pressure hydrogen Compression station

23 HIGH PRESSURE HYDROGEN STORAGE PURIFYING AND DRYING UNIT OPTIONS - EXTENSIONS

24 RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT

25   2003 SOLAR HYDROGEN GENERATOR PROTOTYPE   CETH (FRANCE)   FRAUNHOFER INSTITUTE (GERMANY) SAGIM R&D history

26 SOLAR HYDROGEN GENERATOR PROTOTYPE SOLAR PANELS REGULATOR BATTERY BACK UP DC / DC CONVERTER ELECTROLYSER HYDROGEN STORAGE ' COMPRESSOR INVERTER SPEED VARIATOR

27 SOLAR HYDROGEN GENERATOR PROTOTYPE

28 OUR APPROACH TO THE PEM TECHNOLOGY FRAUNHOFER INSTITUTECETH PEM SUPPLIER RESEARCH SAGIM SPECIFICATIONS PEM STACKELECTROLYSERS RANGE PLASTIC STACK DESIGN H2 ELECTROLYSER PROTOTYPE READY TO OPERATE Partnership Development of an electrolyser for meteorology Partnership Purchase of a CETH electrolyser Partnership Purchase of a PEM electrolyser Reliability tests Marketing

29 SAGIM TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS PEM SPECIFICATIONS FOR METEOROLOGY : H2 production Output pressure Gas Purity Dew point Power supply Power Input Water consumption Operating temperature Lifetime of the stack Easy front panel control and adjustable production from 0% to 100% Instantanneous starting production and automatic restarting in case of power failure Water purification system incorporated at least 0,5Nm3/hour 4 to 30 Bar 99,99% (4.0) 65°C or 10 ppm of H2O 230/380VAC, 50Hz ±10% 4 to 5Kwh/Nm3 1L/Nm3 0 to 70°C hours (5 years, 6h per day)

30 CETH PEM MODULE TECHNICAL DATA : CETH STACK 1 Nm ³ /h under 30 bars H2 Production rate0,1 to 2Nm³/h Hydrogen quality99,99% Impurities after purificationO2 in H2 < 10 ppm H2O in H2 < 10 ppm Power supply230/380 VAC, 50Hz, PFC Power inputaround 4KWh/Nm³ Required water qualityDeionized water <1 S Operating pressure5 to 15 bars 20 to 30 bars with a steel bell Lifetime hours continuously

31 CETH GENHY 1000 ELECTROLYSER TECHNICAL DATA: GENHY Nm ³ /h H2 Production rate1Nm ³/h Hydrogen quality99.9% Maximum H2 Temperature80°C Water consumptionaround 1 L/Nm³ Power supply230/380 VAC, 50Hz Power input5KWh/Nm³ max Required water qualityDeionized water <1 S Operating pressure7 to 30 bars CETH PEM MODULE: euros CETH GENHY 1000 ELECTROLYSER: euros INCONVENIENTS :

32 FRAUNHOFER PEM MODULE TECHNICAL DATA: Light weight PEM cell stack with bipolar plates made from plastics H2 production rate110 L/h Hydrogen quality99.98% Number of cells15 cells Total voltage of the stack35VDC maximum Required water qualityDeionized water <1 S Maximum water temperature90°C

33 FRAUNHOFER PEM ELECTROLYSER TECHNICAL DATA: Fraunhofer ELECTROLYSER 110 L/h H2 Production rate110 L/h of H2 Hydrogen quality99.98% Operating temperatureMaximum 54°C Power supply230 VAC, 50Hz, PFC Power input700 VA Required water qualityDeionized water <1 S Max. production amount with1 Nm ³ one full water tank Operating pressure8 to 9,5 bars max Overall dimensions600 x 620 x 500 mm Weight48 kg H2 maximum production :110L/h INCONVENIENT :

34 FRAUNHOFER PEM ELECTRONIC CONTROL PANEL

35 Tests of the generator between May and October 2007 After 400 Hours of functionning : - - Stack out of order - - Strong corrosion of the H2 side, Ti membrane, electrode - - Plates made from plastic OK Today : - - Modifications of the regulation system by Fraunhofer - - Replacement of the cells stack by Fraunhofer - - Beginning of new reliability tests at the end of january by SAGIM RESULTS OF FRAUNHOFER PEM TESTS

36 To Resume : CETH Technology: - Good production range - Generator and stack of cells too expensive - No real experience return on the stack - Maximum pressure 30 bars Fraunhofer Technology : - Maximum production too low (110L/h) - Lifetime of the stack too short (400h) - Easy use Prospects : - Utilisation of a phosphate solution to replace alcaline solution - Better electrolysis energy efficiency

37 Prospects

38 Prospects

39 DISCUSSION

40 PLEASE CONTACT SAGIM S.A. 35, RUE SCHEURER-KESTNER SAINT-ÉTIENNE (France) Tel. : Fax : THANK YOU FOR MORE INFORMATION


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