Presentation on theme: "Chapter 14, Section 3 “Reforming American Society” Main Idea – In the mid- 1800s, several reform movements worked to improve American education and society."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 14, Section 3 “Reforming American Society” Main Idea – In the mid- 1800s, several reform movements worked to improve American education and society.
A Second Great Awakening Teaching at Revivals Americans should improve themselves and their society, and they should help others Revivals Effect on Reform Americans began to believe they could act to make things better; religion became important to many Americans again
Temperance o a campaign to stop people from consuming alcohol o many male workers would spend much of their paychecks on drinking o women and business owners supported this movement
Workers’ Rights o workers organized into unions and used strikes to gain better working conditions, better hours and higher wages
Education o Horace Mann worked to improve public education o New schools and colleges offered some limited opportunities for women and African Americans
Care for the Needy Improvements in caring for the mentally ill and building of new hospitals nation-wide Schools are created for the deaf and blind Conditions in jails were improved (separating children and adults; rehabilitating prisoners)
Ideal Communities o Aimed to create a “utopia” – a perfect world o People were given food and other necessities for living in exchange for work o None were very successful