Presentation on theme: "A New Spirit of Change Social Reform. Religious Reform Second Great Awakening Rise of Evangelical movement Focus on women in churches Christian Revivals."— Presentation transcript:
A New Spirit of Change Social Reform
Religious Reform Second Great Awakening Rise of Evangelical movement Focus on women in churches Christian Revivals became popular in the growing west New groups that grew from the Reform: Utopian Societies Groups that withdrew from Organized Religion Shakers Socially radical religious groups Mormons Joseph Smith established a Christian Theocracy in Utah
Temperance Movement A violation of Christian Law Led by women The focus of the Temperance Movement was to stop the drinking of alcohol On average, men spent about 60% of their wages on alcohol The 18 th Amendment was the result of the Temperance Movement
Workers Rights and Reform The average factory worker worked 12 to 14 hours per day…6 days per week Child labor (working children as young as 8 years old) Labor Unions were created to improve working conditions Labor Unions used strikes to persuade management. Eliminated Child Labor Established 5 day – 40 hour week.
Education Reform Initially education was for those who could afford it Most of the initial schools were led by churches Horace Mann led the movement to establish public education The first public high school was opened in Boston in Most women and African Americans were not allowed into public schools until the late 1800s
Womens Suffrage Women were considered to be inferior to men By the mid 1800s, women focused on womens right to vote and abolitionism Elizabeth Cady Stanton & Lucretia Mott led the Womens Suffrage Movement The Seneca Falls Convention was first national meeting The meeting urged the first proposed amendment for womens vote (Failed)
Political Reform Monroe Doctrine James Monroe – 5 th President (1817 – 1825) – The Era of Good Feelings The Doctrine stated that no European nation could colonize the Americas. Reasoning – To protect the peace and safety of the United States.